Tag: "pulmonary" at biology news
16 APS exercise research highlights, from reduced flu mortality to proteomics & obesity
... work economy in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary
disease (COPD). Substantial improved rate of force development indicates that strength training with emphasis on maximal mobilization in the concentric part of a leg press device improves work economy in COPD patients. 23.5 Stan L. Lindstedt, et a...
Missing genes may help explain why plague bacteria are so deadly
...0 percent of the cases, usually with a week; while pulmonary
plague, acquired by breathing the bacteria, is almost always fatal within two to three days. The last urban plague epidemic in the United States occurred in Los Angeles in 1924-25. An average of 10 to 15 cases in the United States, and between 1,000 ...
New research shows air pollution can reduce children's lung function
...hildren between the ages of 10 and 18." Each year, pulmonary
function data were collected from 1,759 children as they progressed from 4th grade to 12th grade. The researchers also tracked levels of air pollutants like nitrogen dioxide, acid vapor, elemental carbon, and particulate matter in the 12 Southern Cal...
UC Irvine scientists to develop vaccine to combat bioterrorism threat from deadly bacteria
...le aches and chest pain. The disease can result in pulmonary
infections ranging from mild bronchitis to severe pneumonia. Some patients also suffer septic shock. "We can learn from what is happening in Thailand, where melioidosis is causing many people to die from septic shock," said Felgner. "An outbreak of ...
Applied Mathematical Models in Human Physiology
... reflecting current research in cardiovascular and pulmonary
physiology. In particular, they present models des...ibe six different models of the cardiovascular and pulmonary
system. Each model is introduced by a case study and can be studied individually. This book serve...
Researchers in UGA Vet School discover a mechanism that blocks replication of a retrovirus
...d. This particular sheep lung cancer called ovine pulmonary
adenocarcinoma led to the death of Dolly, the first cloned mammal. It is a chronic problem for the sheep industry in Europe and the United Kingdom. "The cancer is caused by a retrovirus that passes from sheep to sheep like any other virus, such as ...
Patients' cells from tumors, the immune system merged for customized cancer therapy
...had spread to her adrenal gland, and almost half a pulmonary
nodule as well. That individual showed resumed disease progression after a half year. A third breast cancer patient, and five kidney cancer patients, remained stable for three to nine months after completion of the vaccination treatments. "The resul...
JCI Table of Contents, 15 July 2004
...rosis Polarized by Cytokines TITLE: Regulation of pulmonary
fibrosis by chemokine receptor CXCR3 AUTHOR CONTAC...tokine polarization relevant to the development of pulmonary
fibrosis AUTHOR CONTACT: Robert M. Strieter David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, 900 Veteran Ave...
New pulmonary hypertension guideline challenges use of common medication
A new evidence-based guideline for pulmonary
arterial hypertension (PAH) cautions the use of ca... their use in patients who do not respond to acute pulmonary
vasodilator testing, citing an increased risk of adverse and potentially fatal events related to the...
New 20-year study links COPD and asthma
...n increased risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary
disease (COPD). According to a 20-year study publ..., or COPD (emphysema and/or chronic bronchitis and pulmonary
function test results less than 80 percent of predicted). Researchers analyzed survey data obtained...
Early dexamethasone exposure has long-term neurodevelopment, neuroendocrine effects
...atal dexamethasone was recommended to decrease the pulmonary
inflammatory process during the early neonatal per...oted. As a result, use of dexamethasone to improve pulmonary
function in ventilator-dependent ELBW infants is undergoing significant modification towards more ju...
COPD is forgotten killer, says University of Toronto professor
Chronic obstructive pulmonary
disease (COPD) will kill more women in Canada this...rgely irreversible. "By 2010, chronic obstructive pulmonary
disease will be the third most common cause of death around the world and women will suffer from it ...
New technique images gene expression in mice
... are completed. Cystic fibrosis is a fatal genetic pulmonary
disease that causes abnormal mucus to accumulate in the lungs and digestive system. Affecting approximately 30,000 Americans, cystic fibrosis afflicts mostly children and, at one time, took its victims in their teens. Researchers have come a long way...
Does antibiotic use contribute to allergies?
...t the link between antibiotic use and dysregulated pulmonary
immunity is through antibiotic-induced long term a...the GI tract had increased hypersensitivity in the pulmonary
tract compared with untreated mice. "The studies presented here are the first direct demonstratio...
Antibiotics alter GI tract microbes and increase lung sensitivity to allergens
...cs and colonized with C. albicans showed increased pulmonary
hypersensitivity to A. fumigatus compared with mice that didn't receive antibiotics," Noverr says. "The inflammatory response grew stronger with every exposure to the allergen." "After antibiotics changed the mix of microbes in the GI tract, the mice...
Genes appear to play a role in development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
... be genetically predisposed to chronic obstructive pulmonary
disease (COPD). Jill Ohar, professor of pulmonology and critical care medicine at Wake Forest Baptist, presented her findings at the 100th International Conference of the American Thoracic Society in Orlando, Fla., today (May 25). In her study, Ohar ...
Biologists uncover genetic links to broad range of human disorders resulting from cilia dysfunctions
...her widely known human cilia disorders include the pulmonary
diseases caused by defective respiratory cilia, which cleanse the lungs by sweeping mucous and trapped particles into the throat, and the vision problems or blindness due to defective cilia in the eye's photoreceptors. In recent years, that list has...
Vanderbilt students take HHMI fellowships
...elucidating their roles in macrophage function and pulmonary
fibrosis. "I'm eager to start the program, and I owe so much thanks to Vanderbilt," Peacock said. "I've had so many tremendous opportunities here and so much support from the faculty, especially Dr. Simon Hayward and Dean Miller." Weinberg will ...
New research outlines public health consequences
...s to airborne pollutants and the severity of their pulmonary
symptoms. Results of the study, conducted by a consortium of researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Columbia University, New York University, Johns Hopkins University, The University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, and the Univers...
American Lung Association's 2004 State of the Air report ranks cities and counties with dirty air
...ung disease such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary
disease. Specifically at risk are: The 16.7 million people with cardiovascular disease living in areas with unhealthy short-term particle pollution levels. Even short-term exposure several hours to several days has been linked to premature deat...
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