Tag: "reduced" at biology news

Africa At The Turning Point

...ce, has closed nine country offices since 1994 and reduced the number of population and health experts in the field by more than one-third. Africa's Population Challenge: Accelerating Progress in Reproductive Health is the fourth in a PAI study series which began in 1992 with reports on population and rep...

Pediatric Academic Societies Report Progress In Children's Health

...n theintervention and control schools. The program reduced television watching byboth boys and girls. Other s...nd found that women who received doula support had reduced cesarean ratesand shortened labor. The support of a doula adds to labor and delivery arisk-free, hum...

Composting Livestock Waste Provides Benefits

...o large livestock producer: The total volume is reduced by as much as 80 percent, which results in less hauling and spreading. "Composting offers a more efficient use of labor, which is a considerable cost savings," Hawkins says. The composting does not attract flies and other insects as manure does. ...

Mice Lacking The Pax8 Gene Suffer From Hypothyroidism And Fail To FormThyroxin-Producing Cells Of The Thyroid Gland

...ncentration of the T4 hormone is very reduced as compared to wild-type mice. Treatment of the mutant mice with thyroxin prolong their survival up to six months, indicating that lethality is due to a defect in the thyroid. Analysis of the thyroid gland indicated that the...

Increasing Threat Of Extinction For Amphibians? Scientists To Seek Answers At NSF Workshop

...nce Foundation (NSF). Loss of wetland habitat has reduced populations of frogs and toads, andendangered several species of amphibians with restricted ranges, scientists say.Alarming new events have added to this long-term trend, these researchersbelieve. Frog and toad populations have declined dramatically...

Northwestern Researchers Develop Rapid Diagnostic Test To Detect Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria

...t bacteriaseen in hospitalized patients. They have reduced from 48 to 8 hours the timeneeded to identify the potentially lethal bacteria, known asvancomycin-resistant enterococci, or VRE. A report on the technique, which detects and amplifies even very minutequantities of the genes for two types of t...

Cell Pathways Reports Extension Study Results Showing Ability Of FGN-1 To Prevent Formation Of Precancerous Colon Polyps

.../day FGN-1, with the 800 mg/day group subsequently reduced to600 mg/day when investigators determined that dosage to be the maximumtolerated. Investigators recorded the serial polyp counts and the percent offlattened or haloed lesions in the patient's rectums at 6 months, 9 months, 12months, 18 months and 24...

COGA Suggests Genetic Loci For P3 Brain Wave Abnormality

...nce the 1980s, when Dr. Begleiter first identified reduced P3 wave amplitude in alcohol-naive sons of alcohol...amilial alcoholism, P3 amplitude statistically was reduced significantly compared with control families. Genetic linkage analysis yielded significant evidenc...

Neurogenetics Lab Scan Suggests Genetic Linkage On Chromosomes 4 And 11

...omplex diseases such as alcoholism. The relatively reduced genetic and environmental variations in such populations make it easier to determine which genetic variants are co-inherited with alcoholism. Together with high alcoholism prevalence, the 582 participants in the current study share a common heritage...

Increasing Frequency Of El Nino Takes Toll On Northern Hemisphere's Only Penguins

...with adecline of colder-water La Nina events, have reduced the population of Galapagospenguins by half since 1970, says researcher Dee Boersma, a University ofWashington zoology professor and a leading authority on temperate- andequatorial-zone penguins. Only recently had the penguins shown signs of recovery...

UB Fertility Researchers Find They Can Predict Pregnancy By Assessing Two Sperm Abnormalities

...o couples with either of these errors have greatly reduced pregnancy potential. "Fifteen years ago, we knew so little about the human sperm that we couldn't come close to models for predicting pregnancy," she said. "We know much more now." Also participating in the study were Kent Crickard, M.D., ...

Spinach Enzymes Neutralize Explosives

... toxicity byproductsthatcan be used by industry or reduced further to harmless products such as carbon dioxid...che medicine. The digested byproduct also could be reduced completely to a gaseous state, such asammoniaor carbon dioxide, through a second digestive process u...

Pollution, Food Stress Take Toll On Bald Eagles

... bleaching process. Although the millsignificantly reduced its dioxin output about 10 years ago, the bald eagles havefailed to rebound. A 1995 study showed that three out of four nests in theclosure zone failed, compared to an almost 100 per cent success rate for nestsoutside the zone. "'Failed' mean...

Duke Researchers Call Gene Therapy A Promising Strategy For Sickle Cell Anemia

...some fetal globin, the diseasesymptoms are greatly reduced because fetal globin not only carries oxygeneffectively, but also inhibits the mutant globin protein from sickling. In their experiments, the Duke Medical Center scientists collected bloodfrom sickle cell patients and from umbilical cord bloo...

Circulatory Device -- A Bridge To Recovery For Heart Failure?

...ing heart. The researchers found that LVAD support reduced the workload of the failing leftside of the heart ...bility to contract, aslowed rate of relaxation and reduced responses to adrenaline-like substances,such as norepinephrine. Responses to norepinephrine usually...

Naked DNA Rejuvenates Rheumatoid Rodents

...kably, this straightforward procedure dramatically reduced chronicarthritis symptoms in the joints, and now o... occurringchronic phase. Inflammation was greatly reduced and essentially no cartilage orbone destruction occurred. Not only does the procedure avoid the inv...

Improved Oxygen Bath To Heal Wounds, Lessen Number Of Amputations: Sandia To Sign Agreement With Numotech To Help Create Home-Use Healing Facility

...ssure sores, and pressure ulcers--quickly and with reduced scarring. The product--helpful to the elderly, paraplegics, diabetics, and victims ofburns and severe abrasions--should be available for home use in approximatelythree years. The treatment, called Topical Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment (THOT),i...

"A Little Bit Here" And "A Little Bit There" Can Add Up To A Big Problem

...riculturalnonpoint source pollution can further be reduced by treating waste fromintensive livestock production as a point source of pollution, as are humanwastes. Nutrients can be removed from the waste before it is released into thelocal environment. For urban runoff, the report recommends designing more ...

Gene Variant Found That Can Help Protect Against Nicotine Addiction

... Dr. Tyndale said, "These two factors, a reduced propensity to smoke andthe need to smoke less, would likely decrease the risk of developingtobacco-related illnesses, such as cancer, among those with CYP2A6-nullalleles." The University of Toronto team notes that nicotine from sources other...

Genetic Screening May Be Tool For Selecting Cancer Treatment, Research Suggests

...n the BRCA2-defective tumors. However, neitherdrug reduced the size of tumors grown from BRCA2-normal cells. Holt cautioned against drawing broad conclusions from the studies because theresults in mice may not be replicated in patients. Because these studiesinvolved a specific mutation in inherited pancreati...

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