Tag: "response" at biology news

Brown ecologist garners major National Science Foundation grant

...s. They will also examine how genetic variation in response to these signals is shaped by natural selection in different climates. Results will shed important light on a key question in biology how organisms integrate diverse environmental signals at the molecular level to respond to changes in their surroun...

Popular Science announces Third Annual 'Brilliant 10'

... witnessed mouse neurons sprouting new branches in response to unfamiliar tasks, and saw new synapses appear. Svoboda's work contradicted the mainstream view that neural circuitry is fixed after childhood and may lead to methods of repairing the memory-formation system in Alzheimer's patients and others. ...

Information system to help scientists analyze mechanisms of social behavior

...ironment where much of their social behavior is in response to environmental conditions." A BeeSpace team led by Robinson will generate a molecular signature of all the major roles performed by honey bees. "To do this," he said, "we will generate profiles of gene expression that occurs in the brain of indivi...

Joslin researchers clarify mechanisms for beta-cell formation

...y which new pancreatic beta cells normally form in response to insulin resistance. These findings may some day...rm and begin replicating. It is possible that the response originates from potential beta-cell stem cells, a more primitive cell that has yet to differentiate ...

JCI table of contents September 15, 2004

...Joslin Diabetes Center, examined this islet-growth response in two dif-ferent insulin-resistance mouse models....isms underlying compensatory b cell hyperplasia in response to insulin resistance. TITLE: PDX-1 haploinsufficiency limits the compensatory islet hyperplasia tha...

Hardy buoys: Texas A&M project predicts oil spill movements

... says. "We saved the time and effort of mounting a response in areas where it wasn't needed." The buoys are silent sentinels standing watch over the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary, the region's only coral reef, located about 90 miles south of Galveston. They warn of impending pollution, such as...

European common frog found to use novel mating strategy

...f Nature . Vieites also noticed a possible female response to this so-called "clutch piracy." Many females delayed release of their eggs until no other males were around, often floating around for several days with a male onboard before releasing eggs. Vieites noticed, too, that some females were releasing t...

A liking for sweets, combined with novelty seeking, may predict alcoholism

Previous research has linked a pleasurable response to sweet taste (sweet liking) with a genetic vulne...an, has shown a relationship between a pleasurable response to sweet taste (sweet liking) and a genetic vulnerability to alcoholism among children of alcoholic ...

Simian virus 40 not associated with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, study shows

...fection would have resulted in a measurable immune response to virion proteins, the results presented in this report do not support the idea that SV40 is a common infection of humans or a major cause of NHL. In the future, it will be of interest to develop additional serological assays for SV40 infection for ...

Peering inside the body, with a new spinliterally

...be used to diagnose diseases and assess the body's response to drugs and even to observe the working physiology of living cells." Today, at an international nuclear NMR conference ( http://www.models.kvl.dk/NMRinFood/ ), Wind described the technique and experiments that show slow MAS's potential for studyin...

Understanding celiac disease

...une cells attack the body's own healthy tissues in response to a harmless substance that the immune system mistakenly perceives as a threat. The results are likely to further research efforts designed to combat and hopefully prevent autoimmune disorders like celiac disease. Celiac disease is characterized by...

IBD (Crohn's, Colitis) 'joins' cancer, inflammatory diseases in associated blood vessel growth

..., IBD-derived extracts induced a potent angiogenic response in the corneal assay compared to control-derived extracts, they noted. Conclusion The results provide "morphological and functional evidence of strong pro-angiogenic activity in both CD and UC mucosa, indicating that the local microvasculature unde...

Columbia research to examine gene influence on severity of peridontal disease, therapy response

...clinical signs of both can be quite similar, while response to standard therapeutic procedures may vary consid...ies." The patient's individual immuno-inflammatory response to the bacterial challenge is believed to determine the type, extent and severity of periodontitis, ...

New treatment for fibromyalgia

...gnificant. "The reasons for the sex differences in response are unclear," Dr. Arnold observes. "Because the male subgroup was small, reflecting the much higher prevalence of fibromyalgia in women, the results of the study may not be generalizable to all men with fibromyalgia. There may also be sex differences...

The impact of genetic variations on the treatment of early rheumatoid arthritis

...cts, and there are currently no markers to predict response to particular drugs. In a recent...ther specific genetic variations could predict the response to treatment of early RA. Led by S. Louis Bridges, Jr., M.D., Ph.D. of the University of Alabama at ...

K-State's National Agricultural Biosecurity Center receives $1.3 Million from Department of Defense

...first objective is to scour the nation's emergency response community for examples of significant lessons it has learned from various agrosecurity response efforts, including naturally occurring outbreaks of diseases of plants and production animals, and r...

Novel IBD therapeutic approaches reported from Washington Univ., Barcelona, LSU at APS meeting

...f intestinal inflammation. In experimental models, response to adhesion molecule blockage varies according to the type of inflammatory intestinal condition. In humans VLA-4 immunoneutralization has been effective in inducing remission in Crohn's Disease, but no data is available for ulcerative colitis. Th...

Disruption of protein-folding causes neurodegeneration, mental retardation

...(UPR) in the cell. The UPR is the cell's emergency response to the accumulation of faulty proteins. This response attempts to slow or halt new protein production and increase efforts to correct the folding of misfo...

Snakehead in your inbox? Welcome to the nonindigenous Aquatic Species Alert System

...nvironment, or human health. "Early detection and response are critical in reducing the damage caused when nonindigenous species become invasive," said Fuller. "Waterways, lakes, and oceans are particularly vulnerable because underwater surveillance is certainly more difficult than monitoring land. We antic...

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience

...es to the motion stimulus, attention modulated the response function without a shift in the time or shape of the response. Thus their results suggest that attention increases the sensitivity of neurons without affecting the temporal characteristics of the response. 3. JNK signaling after ischemia : The JN...

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