Tag: "runners" at biology news

Engineering endurance: The future of the Olympics?

... have up to 80% type II fibers while long-distance runners have up to 90% type I fibers. Couch potatoes have about the same percentage of both. Endurance training can enhance the metabolic performance of muscle types probably by inducing conversion between fiber types, which is mediated by changes in gene ...

Converting research into commercial reality

...ve to be highly successful in the future."The four runners up are teams from EigenFIT, Dr Christopher Solomon, University of Kent at Canterbury The Holographic Image Studio Ltd, Dr Martin Richardson, De Montfort University, Leicester. 'Monika' a Foetal Health Monitoring company, Dr Barrie Hayes-Gill, ...

Running afowl: NU researchers first to measure energy used by leg muscles

...unning. Because running birds are the best bipedal runners other than humans, our research should provide many valuable clues to understanding human locomotion."...

Men are faster than women. but does that mean bets should always be placed on colts?

...uttermilk? Men are readily acknowledged as faster runners than women. Can the same assumption be made about gender in horses and dogs? Background It's not too hard to see why that assumption might be made. Sir Roger Bannister ran the first sub-four minute mile in 1954. Forty-eight years later, the ...

New metabolic 'switches' discovered

...tman said. "To run a relay you typically need four runners or swimmers. If any one is missing, the baton cann... pathway, who was passing the baton from the first runners to the last runners? Were they skipping a runner, or was there a novel runner that we didn't know ab...

For the longest distance runner, that tired feeling may not be due to central fatigue

...eters, 195 meters (26 miles, 385 feet). Dedicated runners from around the world take up the challenge of this long distance event. For even the most in-shape participants, a race of this distance can last from six to nine hours. Background Fatigue is a natural consequence of such sustained physical act...

Tyrannosaurus rex probably could not run fast, scientists say

...an extreme amount compared to living animals: Good runners typically have 5 to 10 percent of their body weight as supportive muscle in each leg, and bad runners have less than 5 percent. "Our model shows that these really fast speeds of 50 miles an hour and pro...

High-flying UC Berkeley students ride "vomit comet" in search of better way to cut bone loss in space

...nd his UC Berkeley colleagues recently showed that runners could increase peak impact forces while using only a moderate downward pull from the shoulder straps if, at the same time, another rubber band pulled them forward. "The idea is, if you could combine a moderate downward pulling force with this forward...

Marathon runners, swimmers, and cross-country skiers beware: intensive exercise is bad for your lungs

... marathon runners. The study showed that 15 of the runners (26%) exhibited seasonal bronchial contraction, either in the spring on account of the pollen, or in winter due to the cold. The same research group confirmed the findings with a study of 71 long-distance runners, reaching the conclusion that they we...

Nanofabricated 'gel' separates DNA

...ke a marathon race in which a bunch of the fattest runners show up first, followed by successive groups of progressively thinner runners, with everyone of a particular size arriving more or less together. The DNA strands are tagged with a fluorescent material, and the peaks of fluorescence at the end of the ...

UCSF study finds danger in marathon runners drinking too much water

...Archives of Internal Medicine. Although marathon runners need to keep hydrated, in the last decade physicia... and salt, but drinking only water, could put some runners into a danger zone known as hyponatremia. It was found that some runners who collapsed and died dur...

Very-Low-Fat Diet May Compromise Immune Function, Increase Infection Risk In Trained Runners, UB Study Finds

ROME -- Trained runners who severely limit the amount of fat in theirdiets...hysiology and biophysics, reported thatcompetitive runners who increased the proportion of fat in their diets improvedtheir endurance with no negative effect o...

Researchers Discover Why Some Athletes' Performances Fail To Improve On A Live-High, Train-Low Regimen

... looked at the responses of 22 competitivedistance runners who completed four weeks of altitude training. "As we showed with the collegiate-level athletes, the responders among the eliteathletes also had a significantly larger increase in mean EPO concentrationcompared with the nonresponders," Levine said. "...

Destructive Algae Overtaking Mediterranean Waters

...re yard of seafloor can be matted with 700 feet of runners from which emerge thousands of shaggy, thick leaves. This expansive growth suffocates most living things. U.S. waters, so far, have not been infiltrated by the new form of Caulerpa. However, it has been observed in an aquarium in Honolulu, and...

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(Date:4/22/2014)... scientists have found a way to block abnormal cholesterol ... atherosclerosis, the main cause of heart attacks and strokes ... condition develops when fat builds inside blood vessels over ... reducing their ability to feed oxygen-rich blood to the ... of experiments, described April 7 in the journal ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... (SALT LAKE CITY)A computational tool developed at the University ... with unknown gene mutations in three separate cases, U ... new study in The American Journal of Human ... Re-ranking tool), identifies undiagnosed illnesses and unknown gene mutations ... proteins that code for genes are made, in individual ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... is available in German . ... of the University of Vienna and the Medical University of ... shown how double stranded RNA, such as viral genetic information, ... the immune response against viral infection, the protein ADAR1 moves ... modifies viral RNA to inhibit reproduction of the virus. But ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... influenced by low exposure to testosterone in the womb, ... men,s testosterone levels may be determined before they are ... the hormone than others is important because testosterone is ... hormone have been linked to obesity, diabetes and heart ... for producing testosterone in adults known as Leydig ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... waited in line and most of us have gotten ... like. , For Will Mather, assistant professor of ... Integrated Science Curriculum, studying lines, or queues, has been ... bottlenecks that limit the recycling of proteins. , The ... professor, has received attention from the National Science Foundation ...
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