Tag: "rural" at biology news

High resolution satellite imagery assists hunt for infectious 'kissing bugs'

...rst discovered in 1909, Chagas was a predominantly rural affliction, but urbanisation has brought it into towns and cities. The majority of the half a million inhabitants of Matagalpa are poor - made poorer still by the devastation of Hurricane Mitch in 1998 and Chagas is a disease of poverty. The par...

USAID, Conservation International & Starbucks launch Conservation Coffee Alliance in Central America

...nd business interests to help improve the lives of rural people and the environment worldwide." Building upon the success of the six-year partnership between Starbucks and CI, the Alliance uses a field-to-cup approach to community-level conservation that includes all aspects of producing, processing and ma...

Lecture on ecology of infectious diseases

...ience a plague outbreak than such colonies in more rural settings. Significantly, plague outbreaks tended not to occur in colonies that were surrounded by roads, streams or lakes, suggesting that these landscape features may alter the conditions necessary for plague transmission or serve as barriers to mo...

New evidence of radiation risk in childhood leukaemia

...and studied germ-line mutation among families from rural areas of Ukraine and Belarus, both of which were heavily contaminated by fallout from the Chernobyl accident. They found a statistically significant 1.6-fold increase in mutation rate in the germ-line of exposed fathers. The maternal germ-line mutati...

Analysis fingers causes of desertification

...t the most of the blame for desertification on the rural poor and nomadic populations. Nor do the results support the notion that desertification is the result of irreducibly complex processes. Rather, the analysis suggests that desertification is best explained by a limited number of recurrent pathways th...

Counting foxes before the last tally-ho

... of winter there are 225,000 adult foxes living in rural Britain, with a further 33,000 in urban areas. This study has provided baseline data against which the impact of a ban on hunting with dogs can be measured. A team of scientists and volunteers led by Professor Stephen Harris, from the University of B...

Physics gravity model applicable to disease spread

...utbreaks. The U.K. has about 1,000 cities and 450 rural areas that report and outbreaks occur about every two years. Measles belongs to an ecological class of disease that includes the traditional childhood illnesses mumps, rubella, chickenpox, whooping cough that are extremely contagious, but short-li...

Where the sage-grouse roam

...estoration options could affect cattle ranches and rural communities. John Freemuth's (Boise State University and Cecil Andrus Center for Public Policy) talk, "The policy landscape of the sagebrush ecosystem," will take a closer look at the politics behind management and recovery issues surrounding t...

A changing landscape may have dire implications for birds

...est habitats. The development boom in the nation's rural areas is putting increasing pressure on forest eco...archers Anna Pidgeon and Chris Lepczyk, is that as rural forested landscapes are developed and parsed by roads and openings for new houses, many native bird ...

Spring through fall, cities are greener longer than neighboring rural regions

...merica is, on average, 15 days longer than that in rural regions surrounding the cities studied. Led by Xi...ore winter dormancy than vegetation in surrounding rural areas. This happens largely because the asphalt, steel, exhaust, and other environmental changes i...

Urban heat islands make cities greener

...ay green longer each year, compared to surrounding rural areas. Urban areas with high concentrations of ... islands increase surface temperatures compared to rural surroundings. Using information from NASA's Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS...

Society for conservation biology conference

...ringes - Can Design Help? The number of houses in rural and wild areas in many Western states grew by as much as 15 to 30 percent through the 1990's, expanding the area where human development and wild ecosystems collide, according to an analysis of census and vegetation data to be presented by researcher...

Water study yields a few surprises for New England

...e quality of rivers and ground water in cities and rural areas. The impact is reflected more quickly than e...tion measures need to be in place even in the more rural areas of New England where development is beginning to occur," said Keith Robinson, USGS Hydrologist...

$6 million appropriation to focus Sandia research on drinking water desalination, removal of arsenic

... effect in 2006 are placing a tremendous burden on rural communities that simply can't afford to meet the standard," Domenici says. "With this appropriation, we are investing in scientific expertise at Sandia to try to develop technologies that will allow the standards to be met in the most cost-effective ...

'Rolling Store' provides model for overcoming barriers to healthy foods and better health outcomes

...Biology Conference (IUBMB) in Boston. The rural Mississippi River Delta region has one of the nati...de a limited transportation infrastructure in this rural area where the system of roadways is poor and only one bridge crosses the 215-mile stretch where the...

Two billion vulnerable to floods by 2050; number expected to double or more in two generations

...f 10 or 15 to 1. Mortality is often highest in rural areas of poor countries where disaster preparednes...phasis on urban centres. Drought and its impact on rural communities are envisaged as an added priority from 2006. In addition to natural calamities,...

Film found on windows after 9/11 reveals higher level of pollutants

...els and possibly 100 times higher than surrounding rural areas. The report is scheduled to appear in the J...of 10 difference between window films in urban and rural locations, so the concentrations near Ground Zero could have been as much as 100 times greater than ...

Chronic respiratory symptoms prevalent among Alaska natives

...y location within the YK delta, with children from rural villages experiencing a lower incidence of asthma-...ka. Students in grades 6 to 9 from Bethel and two rural villages completed an asthma and allergy survey after watching an accompanying asthma video. A ques...

East Texas feral hog numbers skyrocketed in last decade

...uary 2004. Such meetings are attended primarily by rural landowners, particularly those who are actively engaged in agriculture. The survey consisted of 15 questions about feral hogs, most of which were multiple-choice. The questions addressed such issue of control and how it was conducted, whether hogs ...

Urban runoff poses increased health threat for surfers, other beach users, UCI study shows

...rfers ill twice as often as did ocean surf in more rural areas. The findings suggest that widespread exposu...alifornia surfers in urban north Orange County and rural Santa Cruz County during the winters of 1998 and 1999. The urban surfers reported almost twice as ma...

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