Tag: "screening" at biology news
Research: Breast Cancer Gene Screening Not Warranted For All
...ought, according toa new study. Widespread screening
of breast cancer patients or unaffected women inth...participated. The study involved screening
the entire sequence, or structure, of theBRCA1 gene in patient blood samples to determine the preval...
New Study Of BRCA1 Shows No Need For Widespread Screening Of American Women
...e gene sequence of BRCA1 in eachpatient, using new screening
methods developed by Dr. Hua Mu,* a geneticepidemi...hat for the general Americanpopulation, widespread screening
is not necessary," said King. "In contrast, forpopulations with relatively common ancient gene mutat...
Can The Economic Promise Of Drug Discovery Continue To Preserve The Suriname Forest?
...e ancient knowledge ofshamans with modern chemical screening
techniques and biotechnology. So far, theresearchers have identified one novel compound with anticancer activity that hasmade it through several stages of tests at Bristol-Myers Squibb, identifiedanother novel active compound with a structure that ca...
Researchers Identify Protein Critical To Urine Concentration
... likely to be informative," he says, "as might the screening
for aquaporin mutations in genetic diseases associated with abnormalities of fluid balance." ###...
Jefferson Scientists Devise Way To Treat Animals Chronically Infected With Hepatitis B
... had transfusions prior to 1990, when blood supply screening
for HCVbegan. Scientists from several other institutions participated in the study,including Raymond Dwek, D. Phil., FRSC, Oxford University, and Nobel laureateBaruch Blumberg, M.D., Ph.D, Fox Chase Cancer Center, as well as those fromCornell...
The Distinctive Sound Of Cholesterol
... The device provides an inexpensive, non-invasive screening
system that doctors can use in their offices during routine checkups. Michael Savic, professor of electrical, computer, and systems engineering, has built a working prototype for Sunward Electronics of Delmar, N.Y., which has been granted a license ...
Researchers Identify A Gene That Causes Juvenile Polyposis
...fycarriers of the abnormal gene and facilitate the screening
of family members,the implications of this finding may reach beyond FJP. "FJP is a relatively rare disease. However, 75 percent of colon cancer caseshave chromosomal losses from this region of the genome," Howe says."Understanding this gene may incre...
False Security: You Can't Always Believe The Results Of A Genetic Test
...ic groups. To be effective, the widespread screening
urged by the NIH panel would have to test for many of the most common mutations. Exactly how many is still a matter of debate. "One thing that was conspicuously lacking from the panel's recommendation was how many mutations should be tested for," say...
New Test May Reduce Need For Some Prostate Cancer Biopsies
...a biopsy," Partin says. Prostate cancer screening
tests, Partin says, must be sensitive enoughto fin... there isthe potential to cut the cost of prostate screening
dramatically," says Partin."We also spare those men the possible complications of biopsies, such asi...
Climate Change May Impact Waterborne Diseases
...ater is not routinely carried out andwhere routine screening
for the disease only takes place in previouslyimmunocompromised individuals," says Kocagil. "What happens now if globalwarming increases the frequency of a 100-year flood to every 50 years?" The researchers have estimated that doubling of th...
Researchers Discover Novel Gene Family Responsible For Pacemaker Activity In Brain And Heart
... heart andbrain should make it possible to develop screening
tests for cardiac andneurological disorders that result from mutations or other biochemical changesthat cause inappropriate activation of these channels. For example, in the heartventricles, which pump blood, pacemaker channels are normally silent. "...
Relatives Of People with Colorectal Polyps Face Increased Risk For Colorectal Cancer
...ternal Medicine. "Our study may alter the screening
approach to colorectal cancer,because it suggests ...er the last 20 to 30 years we have learned that by screening
forcolorectal cancer, both with fecal occult blood tests and sigmoidoscopy -- aflexible tube up the ...
Duration Of Pre-Clinical Prostate Cancer Based On Serial PSA Data From The VA
Normative Aging Study
...s important to developing optimalapproaches to PSA screening
for prostate cancer as men age....
Colorado State Research Indicates Two TB Vaccines Show Promise
...al Institutes of Health have operated a TB vaccine screening
program that has examined dozens of experimental vaccines, including the two reported on this month. The vaccines described in the Infection and Immunity article work in a different fashion than BCG, which triggers an immune response using weaken...
Whitaker Foundation To Fund AAAS Science Journalism Awards Through 2001
...h andstature of the competition." Independent screening
and judging committees comprised of scientists and sciencejournalists select the winning entries. The winners are honored during the AAASannual meeting at the annual banquet of the National Association of ScienceWriters. The winning entries are publi...
Scientists Identify Molecular Target For Tuberculosis Drug Treatment
... N.J., have devised a fast, high-volume method for screening
potentialanti-TB compounds. Together they plan to test more than 2 million compounds foranti-TB action. NIAID supports biomedical research to prevent, diagnose and treat illnesses suchas AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, asthma and allergies. NIH is an ...
...le thisflapping. The discovery could lead to rapid screening
methods for antiviraldrugs. A virus only shows real signs of life after it has infected a cell. Onceinside, the invader sheds its protective protein coat, releases its geneticmaterial and hijacks the cell's resources to replicate itself. But ...
Genetic Screening May Be Tool For Selecting Cancer Treatment, Research Suggests
...r have found. The finding suggests genetic screening
might become an effective toolnot only for assessing risk of developing cancer but also for tailoringtreatment, the scientists report in the July 1 issue of the Journal of theNational Cancer Institute. "This is an exciting strategy because it...
Northwestern Hosts Public Forum On Future Of Biotechnology
Will genetic screening
be used by doctors to treat disease -- or by insurers tolimit coverage? Can cancer be cured in the next decade? Is geneticallyengineered food safe? Will government regulation strangle the biotechnologyindustry? These questions concern not just busine...
Syphilis Genome Sequence Offers Clues To Better Diagnosis, Prevention And Treatment
...firm the diagnosis. "For example, with the current screening
test, people who have yaws will testpositive for s...dom. Thus preventing syphilis requires extensive screening
and treatment. A vaccinewould be the easiest, most practical and effective method of prevention, an...
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