Tag: "smoke" at biology news
Study looks at causes, consequences of sex differences
... twice as vulnerable to diseases caused by tobacco smoke
than men, which may account for an increase in the incidence of lung cancer among women. On the other hand, males are much more likely to suffer from severe mental retardation, which may be the result of disruptions that occur in fetal development. ...
Polluted clouds might bring patchy cooling in a warming world
...id gas, and surface active organic materials, like smoke
from forest fires and garbage incinerators," Charlson said. The findings come from a computer model developed at Caltech that shows how the reflectivity, or albedo, of clouds is changed when various factors are introduced. The evidence raises questio...
Gene link to increased risk of coronary heart disease found by scientists
... provide no quick fixes. Each year you continue to smoke
you increase your risk of an event. There is no test widely available for this gene and, even if there were, doctors cannot treat you for having a gene. Smoking strongly increases the risk of lung cancer and our research showed that smokers were thre...
New study tightens the link between smoking and early menopause
...Vincent Center for Reproductive Biology. Women who smoke
undergo menopause earlier, and we've correlated th...s with exposure to a class of chemicals in tobacco smoke
that accelerate the death of egg cells in the ovaries. Tilly and his group found that cigarette smo...
Researchers explore wood smoke's threat to Great Lakes environment
...ited to toxicity tests exposing aquatic animals to smoke
residues. Although the study does not address the ...he researchers. Although the concentration of wood smoke
in the Great Lakes waters is expected to be significantly lower than the laboratory exposure concent...
Female vulnerability to drugs tied to estrogen, U-M researcher reports
...iego. "Years ago, people said that women shouldn't smoke
or drink because we were more likely to become addicted," says U-M biopsychologist Jill B. Becker, who conducted the research, which is funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). "I'm a feminist and don't subscribe to old-school ideas th...
UNC botanist spearheads ongoing effort to curtail movement of pest plant species
... has similarities to air pollution and second-hand smoke
in the sense that the activity occurs in one place and time, but the effects are felt later somewhere else, White said. The voluntary codes we developed cover actions by botanical gardens, plant nurseries, landscape architecture, public gardeners and...
Genes in women who smoke linked to prematurity, low birthweight in their babies
... PLAINS, N.Y., JAN. 9, 2002 Why do some women who smoke
cigarettes during pregnancy have low birthweight b...ues reported their finding that pregnant women who smoke
are much more likely to have a premature or low birthweight baby if two genes that normally control ...
Other highlights in the Feb. 6 issue of JNCI
...stimates drastically increase in patients who also smoke
tobacco, a new study reports. Lung cancer is the most common form of second cancer in patients who have been cured of Hodgkins disease. Previous studies have suggested that treatments for Hodgkins disease are responsible for the increased risk of lun...
Researchers create simulation of chemical/biological release in Salt Lake City as precautionary measure
...ous spills. The center also forecasted the path of smoke
plumes from the Kuwaiti oil fires during the Gulf War and several toxic chemical accidents including the Tracy tire fire in 1999. "Were like the fire department," Ellis said. "Ready to go whenever were called on."...
Where there's fire
...time information they need to reduce the impact of smoke
from prescribed burning. Prescribed burning--the ... extremely treacherous driving conditions. Keeping smoke
away from highways is further complicated by the highly variable nature of the weather during the bu...
Most definitive study yet shows tiny particles in air are linked to lung cancer
...iated with nonsmokers being exposed to second-hand smoke
over a long period of time," says Dr. Pope. The health dangers of tiny particles of soot in the air have been the focus of considerable controversy since 1997, when the Environmental Protection Agency issued new regulations tightening its standa...
Study links single molecule to bodys healing process
... the lungs, injury can be caused by inhaling dust, smoke
or other airborne pollutants. Inflammation -- When inflamed, lung tissue signals CD44 receptors that repair is needed. The cells then focus their attention on the injury. Cleaning -- Without CD44 conveying the need to clean up the cellular waste tha...
Climate monitoring goes mobile
...as vertical structure and moisture content. Dust, smoke
and other air impurities are measured using a lidar combined with radiometers, which detect the amount of solar energy transmitted through the atmosphere at multiple wavelengths. The total amount of solar energy reaching the earths surface is measur...
Nicotine shows anti-depressant effects in an animal model of depression
... history of clinical depression are more likely to smoke
cigarettes. In addition, depressed patients often...ve episodes during withdrawal. Although cigarette smoke
contains over 3,000 chemicals, nicotine is the primary constituent that acts on the brain. As a res...
Study finds new reason for smokers to keep this unhealthy habit away from infants/children
...more are either exposed to side-stream smoke, that smoke
which is produced by a burning cigarette between inhalations, or second-hand smoke, which is the smoke
exhaled by the smoker and inhaled by another. There is accumulating evidence that this type of smoke...
From nanotechnology to raspberries, Virginia Tech inventions and creations can improve our lives
...tial transmission. Examples might include wireless smoke
alarms, burglar alarms, biohazard sensors, equipment status monitors, sales terminals, or any application where only one-way transmission is needed and remote equipment has to be cheap. Bostian explains, "In most communications systems, a remote stat...
Drinking wine, particularly white wine, may help keep lungs healthy, UB study finds
... and over their lifetimes, and were more likely to smoke
than other participants -- Liquor-only drinkers were heavier, based on body mass index, than others -- The groups of wine only, liquor only and recent abstainers included more women than men -- Those who drank wine only or various alcoholic bever...
Penn State engineers boost hydrogen production from fermentation
...or consumer products such as laptops, cell phones, smoke
alarms, and calculators," Logan adds. Logan and Dr. Sang-Eun Oh, postdoctoral fellow; Dr. In S. Kim, professor of environmental engineering, Kwang-Ju Institute of Science and Technology, and Steven Van Ginkel, doctoral candidate, are the authors of a...
Preeclampsia linked with higher risk of preterm delivery
...d their babies, however, when a woman continues to smoke
during pregnancy. Dr. Lain and her colleagues also compared pregnancy outcomes among women who had preeclampsia early or late in a previous pregnancy, as well as among women who did not develop the disorder. The researchers found that women who exper...
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