Tag: "smokers" at biology news
Doctors miss chances to help pregnant women quit smoking
...atus of pregnant women, they did not often counsel smokers
about quitting," says study author Susan Moran, M....ore often than other women. However, once pregnant smokers
were identified, they received the same rate of counseling regardless of race. Geography mattered to...
Common gene variant increases risk of atherosclerosis
...detected atherosclerosis than others. Startlingly, smokers
with low amounts of "good" cholesterol had 10-fold...hot up, the researchers discovered. For example, smokers
with at least one KL-VS copy had more than seven times the risk of non-smokers without the gene vari...
As Vitamin B-6 levels go down, numbers of DNA strand breaks go up
...ers found that four of six young, healthy moderate smokers
-- men and women who smoked less than a pack a day...ls of dietary and/or supplemental Vitamin B-6, the smokers
eventually reached acceptable levels. But they never caught up with their non-smoking counterparts....
Highlights of American Chemical Society's national meeting in New Orleans
..., vegetable oil for car engines, a vaccine to help smokers
quit and chemical innovations to improve homeland security are among the topics to be covered at the national meeting of the world's largest scientific society in New Orleans, March 23-27. NEW ORLEANS A record number of presentations, more than 8,...
Little value seen in CT scans for lung cancer screening
... groups of 100,000 60-year-old current smokers; in smokers
who were in the process of quitting at the time of the first screening; and in smokers
who had quit five or more years prior to screening. The investigators measured benefits by comparin...
High selenium consumption may protect ex-smokers from bladder cancer
PHILADELPHIA, PA. -- Former smokers
with high quantities of selenium in their toenails experienced half as many bladder tumors as their counterparts with low amounts of the element, according to a study published in the November issue of the American Association for Cancer Research's j...
Smoking pot alters more than mood human immune system affected, USF/UCLA study finds
...nd immune function studies at UCLA. The marijuana smokers
denied use of any other drugs, and the nonsmokers denied all illegal drug use. Because no accurate way yet exists to directly study the expression of cannabinoid receptors on immune cells, the researchers looked at the genetic material (messenger ...
New study shows passive cigarette smoke at least doubles risk of cancer in cats
...tone added: "Our findings offer another reason for smokers
living with pets and children to try to 'kick the ...phoma also appeared to be related to the number of smokers
living in the home, with nearly a double relative risk (1.9) for cats living with one smoker, and a ...
Other Highlights in the July 3 Issue of JNCI
...hase IIb study of anethole dithiolethione (ADT) in smokers
with bronchial dysplasia (pre-malignant lesions in...olleagues randomly assigned 112 current and former smokers
with bronchial dysplasia to receive either ADT or a placebo for 6 months. Compared with patients wh...
Tomato packs more cancer-fighting punch
...fact, one study found that giving beta-carotene to smokers
actually increased their chances of developing cancer. "When you just take lycopene as a drug it doesn't have the same effect," Woodson says. "There is still a lot of biology to understand before we know why phytonutrients in food are so much more ef...
Exploring the genetic commonality of alcohol and tobacco abuse
...in alcoholic populations. While the percentage of smokers
in the general American population has decreased o...itivity to these two drugs may in part explain why smokers
drink and drinkers smoke." "Which genes may be responsible for modulating the actions of alcohol and...
Study finds genetic aberrations linked to lung cancer; Could help in early diagnosis
... theailment. (Some of these victims had been heavy smokers
and onehad suffered exposure to asbestos.) The researchers comparedthe samples to normal lung tissue from the same patients. Using standard tests, the researchers found that the level ofcertain proteins in the tumor cells was higher than normal. The...
Nabi Biopharmaceuticals begins human testing of novel vaccine to fight nicotine addiction
...cVAX's safety and ability to stimulate immunity in smokers
and ex-smokers. If the investigational vaccine performs well in these trials, the company will pursue definitive, phase III trials to evaluate the vaccine's efficacy to treat nicotine addiction and prevent it in people who have not yet started smoki...
Study finds new reason for smokers to keep this unhealthy habit away from infants/children
...actant. Surfactant production is also perturbed in smokers
and perhaps in those exposed to second hand or sid...These findings offer another important reason that smokers
should keep their unhealthy habit away from children and infants. Further research is required to un...
Women with vaginal cancer likely to have been exposed to HPV-16, the virus that causes genital warts
...Women with vaginal cancer were also more apt to be smokers
at the time of diagnosis. About 30 percent of the women with vaginal cancer had been treated for an earlier anogenital tumor, most commonly of the cervix.HPV DNA was found in tumor specimens from more than 80 percent of the patients with the non-inva...
USF/VA researchers identify gene that increases risk for drug abuse
... drugs or the genes impact in other groups such as smokers
or social drinkers," Dr. Schinka said. "In the cur...ng a group of normal volunteers who had never been smokers
or drinkers and a group of alcoholics who also used other drugs." The new research showed tha...
Other highlights in the Feb. 20 issue of JNCI
...ancer In Smokers A new study has found that heavy smokers
who lack a gene responsible for protecting cells f...okers who had both copies of the GSTT1 gene, heavy smokers
who were missing both copies of the gene had a higher risk of pancreatic cancer. The relative risk w...
New study tightens the link between smoking and early menopause
...othesis that the early onset of menopause in women smokers
is at least partly due to PAH-induced egg cell death, according to Tilly. His groups work has defined the actual molecular mechanism that triggers inappropriate death of eggs after exposure to PAHs. We need to get people away from thinking that tox...
Gene link to increased risk of coronary heart disease, found by scientists
...ne variant linked to high coronary disease risk in smokers
-known as Apo-E - is thought to be carried by 26% of the UK male population. The briefing comes in advance of the publication of the research in the July 13 2001 edition of The Lancet....
Gene link to increased risk of coronary heart disease found by scientists
...w's Hospital published in THE LANCET today. While smokers
have an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), this new research reveals that some smokers
have a significantly higher risk than others. Genetic factors have long been known to be important i...
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