Tag: "smoking" at biology news
Statement by APA President Allan Tasman, M.D., on the Surgeon Generals Report on Mental Health
...ness what the Surgeon Generals 1964 report did for smoking
and health. The APA believes it will bring about a sea of change in public attitudes and understanding of mental illnesses and those who suffer them, and sets the stage for a major assault on the myths and stigma that continue to block access to car...
Mutation on Y chromosome stops sperm production
...tile males. "It's been very difficult to find the smoking
gun - the definitive evidence that any particulargene is the cause of male infertility," said Page, whose laboratory is at the Whitehead Institute forBiomedical Research at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "Of course this is only one case s...
Moderate caffeine use does not increase miscarriage risk but high caffeine use doubles risk
...ave a miscarriage. However, after accounting for smoking
and other factors known toincrease the chances for miscarriage, women who miscarried were found to have higher paraxanthine levels than did women who didnot miscarry. In fact, women who consumed the caffeine equivalent of five or more cups of coffee...
Smoking especially dangerous for individuals with gene that causes coronary artery spasm
...lood flow. "Given that the effects of the gene and smoking
are potentially additive, individuals with the gen...an important role in the cause of spasm, and since smoking
contributes to spasm, it is important that we recommend cessation of smoking
in patients with spasm,...
Higher obesity rates prevail among Dutch women exposed to famine in utero
...herlifestyle factors such as socioeconomic status, smoking
or alcohol. Increasedobesity may result, rather, from altered metabolic regulation of accumulatedbody fat later in life. Exposure to famine, especially for the unborn, depends very much on its timing,with early gestation being a particularly vulnera...
Study finds prenatal exposure to testosterone boosts smoking
...said. "You don't have to think about your prenatal smoking
causingyour daughter to smoke." The new st...y. Theycontrolled statistically for the daughters' smoking
in imitation of theirmothers. There is no evidence that smoking
Lowering your homocysteine level may help reduce risk for heart disease
... Medical Frontier? It's well known that stopping smoking
and lowering cholesterol level and highblood pressure help prevent cardiovascular disease. Studies have shown that ahigh level of homocysteine, an amino acid, in the blood is associated withcardiovascular risk. Other studies have shown that high homo...
NIH taps Hopkins craniofacial program as 'center of discovery', awards $7.5million grant
...t a baby will be born with a cleft palate? Howwill smoking
or aglass of wine consumed during pregnancy affect a fetus's skull development?Johns Hopkinsresearchers will use a $7.5 million research grant from the National Instituteof Dental andCraniofacial Research (a division of the National Institutes of Hea...
University of Maryland study links vitamin B deficiency to risk of stroke in younger women
...the increase in stroke risk was similar to that of smoking
apack of cigarettes per day. Even moderately higher homocysteine levels-thosethat would be considered normal among older people-conferred a greater risk ofstroke among the women in our study," says Dr. Kittner. He adds that the increased stroke risk...
Mayo Clinic researchers: family history identified as new risk factor for heartburn
... mass index (obesity), a past history of cigarette smoking
or ahigher consumption of alcohol also were at inc...r. Locke and colleagues further note that obesity, smoking
and alcohol use arewell recognized risk factors for reflux as well as other diseases. "We stillneed ...
Jefferson scientist hopes to answer the question, 'Why is it so hard to quit smoking?'
...time you like. For many, however, quitting smoking
is next to impossible. Frank Leone, M.D., assistant professor of medicine at Jefferson MedicalCollege of Thomas Jefferson University, is trying to figure out why some peoplecan 'go cold turkey' on cigarettes and nicotine, while others remain...
Genome Research July tipsheet
...enocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. However, smoking
and other environmental factors can obscure the genetic basisof human lung cancers, making animal models important for researchers in thefield. In the July issue of Genome Research, Giacomo Manenti, Tommaso Dragani(both at the Istituto Nazionale Tum...
The Reason The French Have Low Levels Of Heart Disease
... climate in France. They conclude that apart from smoking
in women, these factors explain little of the diff...risk of mortality from heart disease, but, as with smoking
and lung cancer, these risks decrease rapidly on cessation. Also see accompanying commentaries to th...
Study Indicates Adolescent Smokers Are More Susceptible To Long-Term DNA Damage From Smoking Than Adults Smokers
...eassociated with lung cancer than people who start smoking
as adults,according to a study led by a UC San Fra...dicates that ex-smokers with lung cancer who began smoking
inadolescence had higher levels of chemically altered DNA in their lungs and bloodthan ex-smokers wh...
Higher Levels Of Protein May Predict Heart Disease
...g known risk factors for heart disease --cigarette smoking
and increased thickness of the wall of the carotid artery --did not lead to increases in C-reactive protein. Howard called for long term studies to determine where increased levelsof the C-reactive protein in the blood predict heart attracks ...
Bacteria From Gum Infections Associated With Diabetes, Chronic Lung Disease, UB Studies Find
...ty, education, income, frequency of dental visits, smoking
andalcohol consumption. There also was a direct correlation between the amount of detachment andlung-disease risk. Subjects with gum detachment that exceeded 2 mm had a 40percent greater risk of developing lung disease than those with attachment lo...
Susceptibility Genes For Nicotine Addiction
...4, 10, 16, 17 and 18merit further study. Cigarette smoking
is associated with considerable morbidity, mortali...ctors have been conclusively show to influenceboth smoking
initiation and nicotine dependence, but none of the genes involvedhave yet been conclusively identif...
Researchers Find Genetic Connection To Cigarette Smoking
...d and Others Don't WASHINGTON - Quitting smoking
can be difficult for some and almostimpossible for... difference as to whether or not someonewill start smoking
and then become addicted to the nicotine. In two studiesfeatured in this month's American Psychologi...
Real Connection Between Oral Health And Heart Disease
...reasing the disease-causing bacteria in the mouth, smoking
may increase theodds that these bacteria or their products will get into the bloodstream. Smoking also makes blood vessel linings stickier, which might make it easier forbacteria and bacterial products to attach to vessel walls and cause damage. Much...
American Heart Association Announces Top 10 Research Advances For 1998 -- Gene Therapy Among The List
...ular disease, and a study on the deadly effects of smoking
fewer than 10 cigarettes a day are among the top 1...ich now include low saturated fat diets, exercise, smoking
cessation, and, if appropriate, medications such as cholesterol-lowering drugs and the surgical proc...
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