Tag: "spinal" at biology news

Cholesterol Anchor Helps Signaling Proteins Direct Development

... special traits needed to help create limbs, eyes, spinal column, or other structures. In recent years, Hopkins scientists have discovered that hedgehog proteins split in two to activate. During the split, the activated form of the protein, known as the signal, becomes anchored to the surface of the cell t...

Medicinal Leech May Offer Clues To Neural Regeneration

...ndings may someday be applied to research in human spinal regeneration. Details of the study were presented ... through a connective, a structure somewhat like a spinal cord without the spine. The connective is made up of numerous axons that allow the ganglia to send m...

Resistance To Leptin Contributes To Obesity

...rdirectly into the fluid that bathes the brain and spinal column. Thisinnovative technique, called ICV infusion, was developed by coauthor Dr.Derek A. Denton of the Howard Florey Institute in Melbourne, Australia. Normal weight, lean mice receiving leptin by either method lostsignificant weight and...

Scientists Find New Trigger For Nerve Cell Death

... cells in patients who suffer stroke, head injury, spinal cordinjury or neurodegenerative disorders such as ...mage to the initially injured area of the brain or spinal cord,allowing patients to recover more fully. Yu got his idea by considering how apopt...

Folic Acid Fortification Effective In Cereal Grains

...ect (any congenital defect involving the brain and spinal cord). "Nationwide food-consumption surveys suggest that the average daily folate intake for women ofchild-bearing age is 180 to 200 micrograms per day," said Dr. Gregory. "That is well below thePHS recommendation." Another benefit of adding folic a...

Wistar Scientist Invited To Speak On Regeneration At National Meeting Of American Association For The Advancement Of Science

..., enhance the healing of chronic wounds, burns and spinal cordinjuries, and control tissue growth. Her work is being funded in part by theNational Institutes of Health. The Wistar Institute, established in 1892, was the first independent medicalresearch facility in the United States. For more than 100 yea...

Gene-Reading Problem Linked To Lou Gehrig's Disease

...littleor noEAAT2 in certain areas of the brain and spinal cord, creating an excess ofglutamate that kills th...with Huntington's disease, Alzheimer's disease, or spinal muscularatrophy, an inheriteddisorder similar to ALS. Rothstein's group next looked for a cause...

A Longitudinal Study Of Calcium Homeostasis During Human Pregnancy And Lactation And After Resumption Of Menses

...by maternal renal calcium conservation and loss of spinal trabecular bone, a loss that was recovered postmenses. Am J Clin Nutr 1998;67:693-701. From the Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of California, Berkeley; the Department of Medicine, VA Medical Center, San Francisco; the US Department...

Adults Need To Increase Intake Of Folate; Some Women Should Take More

...ube defects mayappear as incomplete closure of the spinal column or even the absence of part ofthe brain. In the United States and Canada they occur in about one birth per1,000. The report also says that although most Americans and Canadians get sufficientvitamin B12 in their food, between 10 percent and 3...

Spinal Cord Injury Treatment May Improve With New Findings On Nervous System Damage

...axons cable messages across the brain and down the spinal cord, instructingus to move a pen, kiss a lover or...ter, whichincreases long-term disability, deprives spinal cord patients of bowel andbladder control and can account for most symptoms of multiple sclerosis. C...

High-Pressure Chambers Could Prevent Paralysis After Spinal Cord Injury

... forces more cell-resuscitatingoxygen into damaged spinal nerves than is possible at normal atmosphericpress...ars. Divers sometimes suffer from bubbles in their spinal cord, resultingin tissue damage that is similar to the bruising that spinal cords suffer fromtraumat...

High-pressure Oxygen Therapy Could Offer Widespread Benefits

...nually in treating victims of stroke, epilepsy and spinal cord injury. Particularly with respect to treating stroke, "There is potential fora meaningful benefit for patients," said Thom, president of the Undersea andHyperbaric Medical Society. The problem is, there's no reason why hyperba...

Protein Implicated In Multiple Sclerosis

...ulating coating aroundnerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, creating bare patches and scars. Likedamaged electrical wires, these nerve cells are unable to transmit impulsesefficiently, so patients develop sensory and muscle problems. The coating,called myelin, is made of lipids and proteins. "Fo...

Improved Oxygen Bath To Heal Wounds, Lessen Number Of Amputations: Sandia To Sign Agreement With Numotech To Help Create Home-Use Healing Facility

...ica's winningest jockey until he suffered a severe spinal injury in anauto accident in 1991--representatives...on And Death According to Shoemaker, "People with spinal cord injuries are very susceptibleto skin breakdown and hence, development of pressure ulcers. Stati...

Learning To Feel Chronic Pain

... June 18, 1998 -- The brain can teach cells in the spinal cordto feel pain, scientists have discovered. Once... between thepainful stimulus and the neuron in the spinal cord." The researchers report their findings in the June 18 issue of thejournal Nature. The ...

Cultured Neural Stem Cells Reduce Symptoms In Model Of Parkinsons Disease

...o all the types of cells that make up thebrain and spinal cord. The process in which cells that start out with unlimitedpotential fates develop into specific types of mature, non-dividing cells iscalled differentiation. In the new study, Dr. McKay and his colleagues Lorenz Studer, M.D., andViviane ...

Defects In Embryonic Development In Lunatic Fringe Knockout Mice

...rved in the segmented pattern of the vertebrae and spinal nerves. The Drosophila fringe gene, which encodes a secreted signaling moleculerequired for Notch activation during wing formation in the fruit fly, has threeknown homologues in mammals: Manic, Radical, and Lunatic. Lunatic fringe is theonly ...

The Best Molecular Snapshot Yet Of Cells Affected By Alzheimer's Disease

...king for a molecularchange in the blood, or in the spinal fluid, but that's likelooking for a needle in a haystack," says Zaven Khachaturian,director of the Alzheimer Association's Ronald and Nancy ReaganInstitute and former director of Alzheimer's disease research atthe National Institutes of Health. "The ...

More Than $7.5 Million For Research

...oughthe bloodstream (Johns Hopkins U.); Healing spinal cord injuries with a spinal graft (U. of Toronto) andregenerating nerve cells (CWRU; U. of Texas at Austin); Making artificial...

Simple Chemical Switch Steers Migrating Neurons

...er 9,1998—In an embryo's developing brain and spinal cord, the growing ends of nerve cells, called axon...may hold promise for regeneratingnerves damaged by spinal cord injury. It also provides potentiallyimportant clues for understanding disorders of neuronal mig...

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(Date:11/22/2014)... A clinical trial of hydroxyurea therapy for children with ... because the results show it is a safe and ... risk of stroke. The announcement about the research, ... United States and Canada, was made this week by ... Researchers compared monthly blood transfusions with daily hydroxyurea ...
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