Tag: "spinal" at biology news
Bacteria Becoming Increasingly Resistant To Antibiotics, But New Vaccines Are On The Horizon
...meninges, the membranes that envelop the brain and spinal
cord-- can cause death or permanent neurologic damage. In fact, of the 180 childrenin this study, 14 died. Of those who survived, 25 percent developed neurologicproblems and 32 percent suffered moderate to severe hearing loss. The study of pneumoc...
Human Neural Stem Cells Advance Distant Prospect Of Reseeding Damaged Brain
...achs disease, to birth-related oxygen deprivation, spinal
cord damage, andbrain cancer could one day be trea...cells in animalmodels of human diseases, including spinal
cord injury and brain damageresulting from oxygen starvation. In preliminary work, he and his colla...
Human/Insect/Jellyfish Genes Team To Quiet "Hyper" Nerve Cells
... hearttissue and ferried them into cultures of rat spinal
tissue using non-harmfulviruses that readily infect nerve cells. Once turned on inside the spinal
nerve cells, the genes generated finechannels in the cells' outer membranes. Potassium ions then fl...
New Biomaterial May Replace Arteries, Knee Cartilage
... to speed repair ofdamaged nerves in patients with spinal
cord injuries and as the basis for animplantable d...healing process could eventuallyhelp patients with spinal
cord injuries, like (actor) Christopher Reeve's, towalk again," Ku said. As an implantable ...
A Versatile Signal In Vertebrate Embryogenesis: Wnt-4 Regulates Kidney Development, Sex Organ Differentiation, Neuronal Survival And Axonal Guidance
...can be mimicked by other tissues, in particularthe spinal
cord. Andreas Kispert, when postdoc in Andrew McMahon's laboratory at HarvardUniversity and later in his own lab at the Max Planck Institute forImmunobiology in Freiburg/Germany, discovered that Wnt factors are the likelycandidates for this tubule i...
Study Finds Choline Deficiency Harms Memory Center In Mammals' Brains
...tis missing during early development the brain and spinal
cord don't formcorrectly. The choline story now expands our recognition of how importantmother's diet really is."...
New Gene May Help Scientists Understand More About How the Body Grows
...luding the neuraltube and the muscles flanking the spinal
cord. Embryos lacking derrière genefunction developed normal heads but only had disorganized tissue where the trunkand tail should have been. Scientists conclude that derrière controls theformation of the posterior regions of the embry...
New Class Of Molecular Cues Guides Nervous System Wiring
...w approaches toregrow or repair damaged or severed spinal
cord nerves. The Cell articles describe how the...emicals to persuade severed neurons, as in damaged spinal
cords, to producenew growth cones capable of reacting to react to Slit as a growth promoter. Ifthey ...
USGS Finds That Mysterious Arkansas Bald Eagle Disease Has Spread To Ducks In Eastern States
...ina and Georgia. The disease affects the brain and spinal
cord by damaging the myelin sheath thatinsulates t... by microscopic examination of veryfresh brain and spinal
cord tissue. Dr. Nancy Thomas, the USGS pathologist whofirst described the lesion, explained that "...
Scientists Discover Protein In Mammals Tuned To Respond To What May Be Hottest Temperature Our Nerves Can Detect
... but we also found evidence of it in the brain and spinal
cord, inthe spleen and intestines. Clearly, in these sites it must be responding tosomething other than temperature." Whatever the full function of VRL-1, its discovery holds promise for betterunderstanding pain and developing drugs to block pain, Ju...
Cedars-Sinai Medical Tip Sheet For April 15 (A)
...ting for re-entry into normal life after a stroke, spinal
cord,brain injury or other disabling disorder, such as Guillain-Barre Syndrome. Butthat's what it was for seven rehab patients from Cedars-Sinai. New Treatments For Hepatitis B And C Scientists are studying new treatments to combat two viruses that...
Gene Therapy For Pain
... with a novel form of gene therapy thattargets the spinal
cord. Though still in the animal testing stage, th...jecting genes directly into a localizedarea of the spinal
cord, the pain-relieving gene is introduced into the sheathof tissue that surrounds the cord. From ...
Gene triggers formation of sensory cells in the ear
...ipheral nerves-those found outside of thebrain and spinal
cord. By contrast, the mouse version functions in many areas ofthe spinal
cord and in the cerebellum, a region of the brain important incontrolling motion. Surprisingly, mice...
NIAID launches major step in trial of experimental shingles vaccine
...d chickenpox, VZV remains in the nerve cellsby the spinal
cord for life but is usually dormant. If it becomes reactivated,however, it can cause shingles. Early symptoms may include an outbreak of rashor blisters - usually on one side of the body or face - burning, tingling orshooting pain. Although skin ...
Scientific team identifies gene critical in embryonic development
...the central nervous system, includingthe brain and spinal
cord, failed to close properly, a defect which is analogousto spina bifida in human beings. The affected animals also showed changes inother genes, leading scientists to theorize that SIL is responsible for guidingthese other "downstream" genes to fo...
Stimulation technique holds new promise for spinal cord injuries
An innovative method to stimulate the spinal
cord directly could offer new hope to control blad...l, sexual function,and leg movement in people with spinal
cord injuries. Warren Grill, a senior research associate in the Department of Biomedical Engineering...
Rats operate robotic arm via brain activity
... not in their neurological capabilities -- ALS and spinal
cordinjured patients for instance. "Whi...r individuals such as those withcerebral palsy and spinal
cord injury might also benefit." Chapin and Nicolelis were part of a research team that i...
New targets for nerve diseases, nerve regrowth: It's all in the handshake
...n stimulating nerve cell regrowth in the brain and spinal
cord. Although the studies were performed ...glioside. A microscopic study of brain, spinal
cord and peripheral nerves in theknock-out mice showed a deterioration whose onset came as the mice ...
New drug with unusual promise enters ALS pipeline
...- the nerve cells that activate muscles -- in the spinal
cord. Patients become progressively weaker until m...ed factor, orPEDF, safeguards nerves in the animal spinal
cords that serve as models,"offering nearly complete protection," according to neurologist Ralph W. ...
Damaged spinal cord found to have greater potential for nerve regrowth than thought possible
...how nerve cell regrowth is affected bydegenerating spinal
cord tissue, have published a new study showing tr...ration fromtransplanted adult nerve cells in adult spinal
cords with large lesions. When nerve fibers in the spinal
cord are severed, they are no longer able ...
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