Tag: "surgeons" at biology news

Robots, Virtual Reality & Other "Smart" Tools Soon Will Help Physicians Heal Patients

...ouraging close collaboration between engineers and surgeons to rapidly develop research and technology that can provide more precise information and procedures in the doctor's office and the operating room," says Gilbert Devey, a National Science Foundation (NSF) program director in biomedical engineering. "...

Herpes-Based Gene Therapy Is Key To Promising Liver Tumor Vaccine

...spreads more rapidly aftersurgery. Sloan-Kettering surgeons have pioneered methods to boostthe immune system in such patients, in an effort to aid the bodyin ridding itself of cancer cells. The group turned to Dr.Federoff in an effort to use gene therapy to supplement thebody's immune response. The modif...

Herpes-Based Gene Therapy Is Key To Promising Liver Tumor Vaccine

...preads more rapidly after surgery. Sloan-Kettering surgeons have pioneered methods to boost the immune system in such patients, in an effort to aid the body in ridding itself of cancer cells. The group turned to Dr. Federoff in an effort to use gene therapy to supplement the body's immune response. The modifi...

Gene Therapy Trial Takes Aim At Deadly Brain Cancer

... During surgery, after the tumor is resected, surgeons inject mouse cells containing the virus into the brain cavity. The virus--actually a retrovirus--then infects only surrounding cancer cells. The TK gene is incorporated into the host cells’ DNA, where it is transcribed and transla...

Microsurgery Made More Accurate With Virtual Measuring Tool

...loped in prototype form to minimize the inaccuracy surgeons encounter when trying to estimate the measurement ...o-computer graphics. The VTM is intended to enable surgeons to make measurements of any structure in the surgical field, throughout the operation, thereby provi...

Vascular Surgeons Test New Treatment For Abdominal Aneurysms

Vascular surgeons at Johns Hopkins are participating in a nationwidetest of a procedure that uses 3-D images and a metal-supported cloth tube torepair stretched and weakened abdominal arteries before they burst and kill. The tube, called a stent graft, is impl...

Three Institutions Combine Efforts In First-Ever Demonstration Of Long-Term Function In Transplanted Human Liver Cells

...se liver transplantation is not without risk, UNMC surgeons decidedto try to do the less-invasive cell transplant procedure. The donor liver cellsinfused into the patient came from a liver that wasn't suitable for whole organtransplantation, but the liver cells were perfectly fine, Dr. Fox said. The l...

Gene Discovery Provides Insights Into Epilepsy

...s "notfarfetched to foresee gene therapy" in which surgeons replace the defectivebrain-specific gene and restore the normal function of its protein product. Campbell first purified the calcium channel's four main subunits in muscle cellsin 1988. Two years later, his lab reported the structure of the gamma su...

CU Team Develops New Techniques For Repair Of Bone And Cartilage

...rtilage in thehuman body." Plastic surgeons at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston have usedAnseth's technique on animal models, but have not yet been able to create strongenough cartilage polymers to withstand joint stresses. While the bone-polymer scaffolding resembles a small, ...

Transplanted Skeletal Muscle Mimics Heart Muscle; Helps Failing Heart Pump, Duke Researchers Say

...Taylor said her research team, which also included surgeons Dr. DonaldGlower and Dr. Zane Atkins, cardiologist Dr. Willam Kraus, and researchersPinata Hungspreugs, Thomas Jones, Mary Reedy, and Kelley Hutcheson, hopes totest the therapy by next year in patients with severe heart failure who areawaiting heart ...

Combination Therapy For Brain Tumors Holds Promise For Longer Survival After Surgery

...been introduced in the past twodecades. Right now, surgeons rely on radiation therapy after removal of thetumor to mop up microscopic cancerous cells that could lead to regrowth.Brain tumors, however, are extremely resistant to radiation treatment.Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center h...

Stroke Risk Increased In Patients With High Oxygen Use In Brain

... "The idea is very similar to what cardiac surgeons do in heart bypasssurgery. Theoretically, if you can improve blood flow to the brain, you canreduce the risk of stroke," Grubb said. In 1985, a large, multi-center study showed that the EC-IC bypass was nobetter than medical therapy in reduc...

Surgical Experience Improves Thyroidectomy Outcome

Maryland surgeons who perform the greatest number of thyroidectomies... ofSurgery. The complication rate for experienced surgeons was more than a thirdlower than for those performing fewer operations. Greater surgical experiencea...

Fully Endoscopic Brain Surgery At Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

... Shahinian, the new endoscopic technology provides surgeons withan unprecedented panoramic view of the tumor site, allowing them to look aroundcorners and make a full visual assessment. "This enhanced visibility helps usknow exactly how to best approach the tumor without disturbing the brain,itself," he says....

Medical Tip Sheet - November 1, 1998

...l base surgery atCedars-Sinai Medical Center gives surgeons a panoramic view of pituitary tumorsites and results in reduced operating time, fewer complications, lessdiscomfort for the patient and a dramatically shorter length-of-stay. A42-year-old woman from Indiana had surgery 11/04, and is anticipated to be...

Wisconsin Scientists Culture Elusive Embryonic Stem Cells

...laborations with clinical scientistsand transplant surgeons to perform the basic research needed to ultimatelydevelop human embryonic cell-based therapies. Among those is Jon Odorico, aUW-Madison transplant surgeon, who cited the potential of human embryonic stemcells to be used in very focused ways to repair...

Drug Therapy Shows Promise In Preventing Hepatitis Infection In Transplant Recipients Who Receive Hepatitis B Positive Livers, Says One Study

...In the face of a chronic shortage of organ donors, surgeons must oftenconsider transplanting organs that may be considered less optimal or high risk. For example, if the only option available to save a patient's life is totransplant a liver from a donor who tests positive for hepatitis B (anti-HBcpositive), a...

Cells From Mother Can Boost Success Of Sibling-To-Sibling Kidney Transplants

...pand the pool of optimal donors, giving transplant surgeons a viablealternative when no HLA-identical sibling is available," said Burlingham, a UWMedical School assistant professor of surgery, pathology and laboratorymedicine. The research may also aid in unrelated kidney donations and stem celltransplants. K...

Study Provides Guidance For Treating Patients With Brain Aneurysms

... subarachnoid hemorrhage. Other risk factors that surgeons shouldtake into account before performing aneurysm surgery are the patient's historyof previous subarachnoid hemorrhage, and the size and location of the aneurysm. Dr. Wiebers states that the study should not cause worry among individualswithout a hi...

New Biomaterial May Replace Arteries, Knee Cartilage

...ained. Such has beenthe problem with Dacron, which surgeons have used for artery replacement in theabdomen and legs since its development in the 1950s. Other evidence ofSalubria's biocompatibility is that it allows new cells to grow on it,effectively making it part of the body, Ku said. Proof-of-conce...

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