Tag: "surgeons" at biology news

Carnegie Mellon enhances Quantum Dot Corp. technology for long-term, live-animal imaging

...et tumors to image them more effectively and allow surgeons to remove cancers with greater accuracy, according to Ballou. "Before these applications can happen, quantum dots must first be modified so that they remain in circulation long enough, and we must ensure that quantum dots cause no toxicity in healthy...

Federal grant supports advances in infant heart disease at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

...anding collaborations among cardiologists, cardiac surgeons and geneticists. "We are aiming to ultimately develop new tools such as gene-based diagnoses of congenital heart disease, gene therapy for congenital heart disease, and improved biologically-based materials for heart surgery, such as heart valves," s...

Common virus may contribute to uncommon bone disease in children

...ve on their own without treatment. In other cases, surgeons successfully treat the disease by removing the abnormal area of bone. However, successful treatment may elude physicians when LCH is chronic and affects multiple systems. Chemotherapy may succeed, at least temporarily, but only for 50 to 60 percent ...

Vascular access vital to pump up tissue engineering

...e medical community to accept them. Physicians and surgeons are often traditionalists, and unless they approve...kely to succeed. In fact, lack of confidence among surgeons and inadequate marketing strategies have led several products from prominent companies to fail. Such...

Rensselaer receives NIH grant to develop virtual surgery simulator

...nt to develop a next-generation simulator to train surgeons to perform minimally invasive surgery. The grant a... MIS. Yet the difficult operating conditions leave surgeons with restricted vision and mobility and limited hand-eye coordination, which they must overcome by d...

BioTime awarded NIH grant to aid Hetacool development

...ormalities and damaged blood vessels in the brain, surgeons must temporarily interrupt the flow of blood throu...owever, current products limit the degree to which surgeons can lower a patient's temperature and the amount of time the patient can be maintained at a low body...

University of Pittsburgh receives NIH funding to develop heart assist device for infants

...ssembled a multidisciplinary team of bioengineers, surgeons and researchers from Pitt's schools of Engineering and Medicine and the McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine. Working as subcontractors will be pediatric cardiologists from Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, bioengineers from Carnegie Mellon U...

Brace therapy for osteoarthrisis, legal issues in TBI research, prosthetic fitting

... in 14 individuals with SCI. Study data will allow surgeons to describe types of tasks patients should expect to perform after reconstructive hand surgery, informing patients' decision about surgery benefits. Self-image, world views impact social relationships of people with schizophrenia, pg 225 Cou...

Fat cells heal skull defects in mice, Stanford research shows

... defect in your skull," said Longaker. "Currently, surgeons use bone grafts from the patient's ribs or split other parts of the skull horizontally to gain enough bone to cover the area. Alternatively, they can rely on plastic or metal inserts. But all of these options can give you problems with infection and ...

Insight into transplant rejection might lead to novel prevention therapies

...rsity Medical Center pulmonologists and transplant surgeons suggests. The finding sheds new light on the role of the innate immune system, the body's first line of defense, in the acute rejection of transplanted lungs. Drugs targeting the immune reaction could help combat early lung rejection and its complica...

When blood can't get to brain, special CT scan helps

...factor for the most common kind of stroke. Often, surgeons will try to open or go around extremely clogged or narrowed carotid arteries, using procedures such as angioplasty, carotid endarterectomy or brain bypass. Or, if a nearby tumor must be removed, they may decide to close one carotid artery off for goo...

Biocompatibility to widen scope of biomaterial applications

.... Biocompatibility assumes greater significance as surgeons are increasingly focusing on treatment of chronic diseases. For instance, spinal surgeons are turning their attention to technologies that can treat chronic back pain rather than focusing on...

University of Pittsburgh medical center among first to implant heart assist device

...ground for manufacturers and a training center for surgeons from around the world. Devices that UPMC has used over the years include the Jarvik/Cardiowest Total Artificial Heart, Novacor Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD), Thoratec VAD and HeartMate I and recently the new miniaturized rotary blood pump, th...

Babies with DiGeorge syndrome saved by immune supression, thymus transplant

... obstructs access to the heart, in many operations surgeons must remove parts of the thymus to access the hear...red with the transplanted thymus tissue. Pediatric surgeons working with Markert transplant thin strips of donor thymus tissue into a recipient infant's thigh m...

Molecular therapeutics advance fight against brain cancer

...the anatomy and metabolism of tumors. This informs surgeons pre- and post-operatively with a three-dimensional map of tumor-associated blood flow to more precisely assess the full extent of tumor growth versus conventional imaging methods. "This novel approach helps guide surgery and assessment of treatment r...

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