Tag: "syndrome" at biology news
Patients with serious kidney disorder produce natriuretic peptides at above average rates
Bethesda, MD (July 10, 2002) -- Nephrotic syndrome
(NS) is a condition marked by very high levels of ..., feet, and hands; and high cholesterol. Nephrotic syndrome
results from damage to the kidneys' glomeruli, the tiny blood vessels that filter waste and excess w...
Researchers develop mouse model of Rett syndrome
...ental retardation in girls. First recognized as a syndrome
in the 1980s, the disorder affects one in 10,000-1...sk, 'Why is that?'" Zoghbi has been studying Rett syndrome
since the mid-1980s, when she first encountered patients with the disorder as a neurology fellow and...
Noggin mutation causes rare congenital hearing loss
...doesn't get worse as they grow up. People with the syndrome
are often farsighted and have unusually broad thum... other skeletal abnormalities. Lesperance says the syndrome
is caused by a genetic mutation occurring early in embryonic development. Since the mutated gene is ...
MRI studies provide new insight into how emotions interfere with staying focused
... attention-deficit disorder, post-traumatic stress syndrome
and other disorders. "We've known for a long time that some people are more easily distracted and that emotions can play a big part in this," said Kevin S. LaBar, assistant professor at Duke's Center for Cognitive Neuroscience and an author of the ...
Twenty years of monkey research boosts AIDS knowledge
...derstood, spontaneously occurring immunodeficiency syndrome
of macaque monkeys. The monkey disease had many strong similarities to AIDS, which was first described in 1981. HIV was first identified in 1983 and SIV in 1985. Gardner said the founders of the primate centers could never have imagined that monkeys,...
New drug that enhances glutamate transmission in the brain being evaluated for fragile X
... a new drug as a potential treatment for fragile X syndrome
and autism. The trials are taking place at Rush a...treat cognitive deficits associated with fragile X syndrome
or autism," said Berry-Kravis. "However, in the past five years, basic research has led to an impro...
Long-term studies show most intersex adults happy with gender assignments at birth
...netically male, XY genotype and a genetic intersex syndrome
that causes the abnormal formation of an extremely small phallus, with the urethral opening on the underside, where it would be located on a female. Although historically there has been controversy over which is the best gender assignment for these ...
Flexible joints associated with chronic fatigue syndrome, researchers find
...eport that children and teens with chronic fatigue syndrome
(CFS) are three and a half times more likely to have hyperflexible joints than their healthy counterparts. The findings, reported in the September issue of The Journal of Pediatrics, contradict widely shared clinical observations that people with CF...
No one's laughing now
...ns of patients with Alzheimer's disease and Down's syndrome
had a similar excess of cytokines, immune signal p...r-expressed throughout the progression from Down's syndrome
to Alzheimer's disease. (Persons with Down's syndrome
typically develop Alzheimer's disease in later...
Compounds prevent alcohol's disruption of important developmental process
...ents that is a likely contributor to fetal alcohol syndrome
(FAS), according to a new study supported by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). A report of the study, by scientists at Harvard Medical School and the National Institute on Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), appe...
Researchers discover new risk factor for colon cancer
... people who are carriers of the rare disease Bloom syndrome
are at increased risk for developing colorectal ca... that a mutation in one of two copies of the Bloom syndrome
gene ( BLM ) is sufficient to raise the risk of cancer in mice and humans. The results are the first...
Rare disorder provides new insight into fighting infection
...similar to those of autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome
(ALPS), which include an overabundance of lymphocytes due to lack of apoptosis, swollen lymph nodes, and an enlarged spleen. ALPS is caused by a defect in the caspase-10 gene. Caspase-10 is an enzyme that works with caspase-8 to trigger apoptosis. Ho...
US researchers find endometriosis associated with wide range of diseases
...allergies, asthma, hypothyroidism, chronic fatigue syndrome
and fibromyalgia.** Their findings are from the fi...nosed with either fibromyalgia or chronic fatigue syndrome
and some of these additionally had other autoimmune or endocrine disease * chronic fatigue syndrome
New insight into fragile X syndrome: Scientists identify possible link to RNAi
... that the molecular mechanism underlying fragile X syndrome
may involve an RNAi-related process. "It has been ...ns of this process," states Dr. Hannon. Fragile X syndrome
is the most common form of hereditary mental retardation, affecting 1 in 4000 males and 1 in 8000 fe...
Scientists discover genetic defect responsible for microcephaly
...nd by environmental factors, such as fetal alcohol syndrome
and fetal exposure to radiation before 15 weeks gestation. "We'll have to look at how this abnormality ties into the other genes that are known to cause microcephaly, figure out how those genes interact with each other and then look for other connec...
Researchers identify candidate vaccine for Sjgren syndrome
...y late in the disease in the animal model. Sjgren syndrome
is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immun...ry (mouth) and lacrimal (tear duct) glands. Sjgren syndrome
affects approximately one per cent of the population. Nine out of ten patients are women and the ave...
Is there a link between soy formula and attention deficit disorder?
...f industrial exposure have been known to produce a syndrome
called "manganism," marked by tremors similar to Parkinson's disease and spasmodic, often violent, behavior. Crinella and his team are now working on simulating human doses of soy milk formula to test whether they have any connection to behavioral pr...
DNA unzipping found to take at least two proteins, not one alone
...ch carries an increased risk of cancer, and Werner syndrome
(premature aging). Viruses, including the hepatitis C virus, import their own form of these proteins to infect their hosts. Helicases separate strands of DNA. They travel along DNA highways, powered by ATP, a fuel molecule. For many years, scienti...
Use of vitamin A cream may prevent skin cancer
...e research models for people with basal cell nevus syndrome
(BCNS), an inherited syndrome
with multiple defects involving the skin, nervous system, eyes, endocrine glands, and bones, leading...
OSU genetics expert wins award for lifetime achievement
...and, recently, cartilage hair hypoplasia and Usher syndrome
type 3. A major finding in the early 1990s was the first demonstration that hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) was a regularly inherited predisposition to cancer caused by mutations in the mismatch repair genes, and that microsatelli...
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