Tag: "tools" at biology news

Climate change plus human pressure caused large mammal extinctions in late Pleistocene

...Homo sapiens sapiens - with their broad variety of tools and diverse diet, negatively impacted these animals to an extent not seen in Europe with earlier human species, such as Homo erectus and Neanderthals. North America, in particular, is an example of a place where humans speeded the process of climate-...

NIH awards $18.2m to The Burnham Institute to develop Center on Proteolytic Pathways

...evelop applications for this new knowledge. "These tools will give us a completely new way of looking at complex biological processes, allowing us to actually watch them in action," said NIH Director Elias A. Zerhouni, M.D. "As the centers refine the technologies, these valuable resources will be made ava...

Scientists to prototype cyberinfrastructure for research and education access to ocean observatories

... from those instruments." Given LOOKING's focus on tools for research and education, web services will be a priority at UCSD, UW, OSU, MBARI, WHOI, and CANARIE, as well as CalPoly, the National Center for Supercomputing Applications, and the University of Illinois at Chicago's Electronic Visualization Labo...

New Arizona State center brings science to policy on issues of water resources and urban growth

... teams will produce new knowledge, information and tools related to decision making under uncertainty assoc... exciting basic research findings and new decision tools that will be valuable for water management in Arizona and in arid regions around the world." S...

Gene clusters predict atherosclerosis severity, susceptibility

...factors, may lead to new prognostic and diagnostic tools for cardiovascular disease." The research team plans further studies in animal mouse models of atherosclerosis to further refine their techniques. Since it is not practical to test samples of aortas in living patients, the also researchers ...

UCSF scientist Joe Derisi named MaCarthur Fellow

...es. A molecular biologist, DeRisi has designed new tools for exploring the activity of genes, and used them to make major advances in understanding such infectious diseases as SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) and malaria. He is an associate professor of biochemistry and biophysics and Gordon M. Tom...

A test case for DNA barcodes to identify species

...he job, biologists are looking for high-throughput tools that can rapidly and accurately identify individuals from known species and from an entirely new species. In the open access journal, PLoS Biology, Paul Hebert and colleagues demonstrate the utility of their controversial "DNA barcoding" concept, whi...

HHMI, NIBIB/NIH to invest up to $35 million in interdisciplinary Ph.D. programs

...ons from life scientists who are familiar with the tools and ideas of the physical and computational sciences and engineering. The Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) and the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) are joining forces...

Groundbreaking research could ignite new solutions to heat transfer in nano-devices

...pathways for energy transfer and also provided the tools to study other molecules," said Dr. Dlott. "In designing nanoscale devices, the shapes of the molecules must be designed not only to be small and fast, but also to move heat effectively. There is no reason that this technique is not applicable to jus...

New hydrothermal vents discovered as 'South Pacific Odyssey' research begins

...truments that will be deployed. The team will use tools ranging from the most sophisticated submersibles and sensors to basic rock grabbers. Also working on behalf of the research team will be the newest addition to the U.S. research fleet, a super-stable, twin-hull research vessel called the R/V Kilo Mo...

AAAS expert panel calls for voter-system research and reform

...ers' satisfaction with thevoting process; possible tools that can encouragecitizens to use new voting technologies; and theimpact of such factors as media reporting andlegislative hearings on individuals' perceptionsof the voting process and their participation init. Election administration. ...

The book opens on the first tree genome

...from pests and diseases through the development of tools for early detection, diagnosis, and control, allowing for more vigilant conservation and forest management." The Biological and Environmental Research program in the Department of Energy's Office of Science has provided a total of $12 million for t...

NSF awards 22 new projects for plant genome research

... the biological roles they play; and databases and tools to capture, share and analyze the massive amounts ...ippi State University will work to develop genomic tools for loblolly pine, the primary source of pulpwood for the U.S. paper industry and a major crop in th...

Northeastern University receives $12.4 million NSF grant for creation of nanomanufacturing institute

...icrocontamination Control. The Center will develop tools and process to mass-produce devices aimed at fulfilling the promise of nanotechnology on a larger scale, a key component in advancing the technology. The center will accomplish this through high-rate/high-volume guided self-assembly of nanoelements, ...

Milk genome symposium

... to milk research, the processes of lactation, the tools of genomics and an overview of the milk genome project. The goal of the symposium is to produce a guiding document for the milk genome project, which is an international consortium for genomic research devoted to better understanding the genetic bas...

Scientists decipher genetic code of biothreat pathogen

...ID microbial sequencing contract. "Using the tools of comparative genomics, scientists will be able to deepen the understanding of the molecular reasons why these related pathogens have such different impacts, in terms of their target hosts and their pathogenicity," says TIGR President Claire Fraser,...

Brown ecologist garners major National Science Foundation grant

... studied extensively. Researchers will use genomic tools to study how this plant combines information from a variety of seasonal signals, such as day length and temperature, to flower during favorable conditions. They will also examine how genetic variation in response to these signals is shaped by natural...

New sign language suggests children create language's fundamentals through learning

...children to talk by a certain age or using special tools like flashcards or vocabulary drills, she said. All they need is natural social interaction. "Kids have their radar out from the beginning; they're looking for language-like information in the world. And they're ready to process that information in a...

Washington University in St. Louis leads group studying aging process

... know biology, and we don't know the computational tools they use, so now we'll bring them together," Pakrasi said, of collaborating with engineers. "We've learned from before our planning grant experience that there are many talented people in engineering who want to know biology, and vice versa with bio...

AACR applauds NCI initiative on nanotechnology

...not only act as microscopic sentinels, but also as tools capable of interfering with these processes. For this reason, the American Association for Cancer Research applauds the new initiative announced today by the National Cancer Institute to harness the power of nanotechnology in the fight against cancer...

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