Tag: "tract" at biology news
Tracking cystic fibrosis with mice
...ects the salt and fluid composition of respiratory tract
secretions. As a result, they become highly viscou... genetic defect, salt transport to the respiratory tract
surface and the genesis of the lung disease in a living organism. The origin of the disease and, pos...
Researchers show cystic fibrosis defect in mice corrected with turmeric extract
...the cell. CF causes the lungs and gastrointestinal tract
to become clogged with thick mucous secretions and leads to bacterial infections, failure to thrive, and eventually to respiratory failure, with a life expectancy of about 30 years. The most common form of CF is caused by the mutation...
Chlamydiae infection may be associated with ocular adnexal lymphoma
...nd Chlamydia pneumoniae causes acute respiratory tract
infections. Both of these species have been shown to be associated with cervical cancer and lung cancer, respectively. Infection with a third species, Chlamydia psittaci , results from exposure to infected birds and possibly other animals, and it ca...
APS announces four 2004 Young Investigators awards
...t line the distal portion of the male reproductive tract
and have implications in treating infertility and developing male contraceptives. Additionally, Dr. Schultz researches mammary function and the prevention or treatment of mastitis, the most costly disease to the dairy industry....
JCI table of contents, 2 April 2004
...cine, have developed a mouse model of this urinary tract
disease by selectively deleting the Cnb1 gene from...e for the calcineurin-signaling pathway in urinary tract
development and also shows the importance of functional rather than structural defects in the develo...
Study examines whether giving good bacteria reduces infections
...d bacteria that normally helps keep the intestinal tract
and immune system healthy can reduce infections in intensive-care patients is the focus of a new clinical study at the Medical College of Georgia. "When people are admitted to intensive care on broad-spectrum antibiotics, we know that 25 to 40 percen...
Understanding urinary tract infections
...rsity have captured time-lapse movies of a urinary tract
infection (UTI) in progress, illuminating several ...hances to start new infections both in the urinary tract
of their hosts and in new hosts. The movies also reveal that groups of E. coli will sometimes shift ...
Wright State biologist studies birds to learn how our stomachs convey thoughts of hunger
...aid. "We anticipate food, and our gastrointestinal tract
is prepared for food when it arrives. Our research investigates how this happens." Van't Hof, who recently joined the Wright State faculty after nine years with the internationally-recognized Max-Planck Institute in Germany, said biological clocks ...
Results of pivotal study for GlaxoSmithKline's Valtrex published in New England Journal of Medicine
...pes symptoms with other conditions such as urinary tract
infections (UTIs), ingrown hair, jock itch, zipper burn, allergic reactions, vaginal infections, a cut or a scratch, or irritation from sexual intercourse or tight jeans. Though the disease is most contagious during an outbreak, it can also be cont...
New findings can help parents looking to combat number of kids' sick days
...dy fat with higher incidences of upper respiratory tract
infections (URTI). A New Study The investigation examines the relationships between mucosal immunity, physical fitness levels, stress levels, and relative body fat in 10- to 11-yr-old children attending public schools in Southern Ontario, Cana...
Common airborne substance makes asthmatics more sensitive to house dust mites: study
...owever, they can cause portions of the respiratory tract
to become inflamed. The study is published this week in the online December issue of the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. Endotoxin is a complex of lipids (fats) and sugar molecules that's released through the outer cell wall of commo...
With flu season coming, don't forgetexercise?
...tality) following exposure to an upper respiratory tract
infection (URTI). The study concludes that that moderate exercise alone is associated with a significant reduction in risk. Background: How It Works Exercise - It was thought that moderate exercise may enhance resistance to infection by activatin...
Embryonic pathway critical to growth of digestive tract tumors
...ation in cell lines and fresh samples of digestive tract
tumors because the gut comes from the same part of...hat primitive cells in the lining of the digestive tract
may turn on the normal Hedgehog pathway to repair tissue damaged by long-term exposure to an environ...
Researchers identify molecular alterations in patients with irritable bowel syndrome
...n serotonin signaling in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract
are present in patients with Irritable Bowel Syndr...ve percent of all serotonin is localized in the GI tract
where it plays a key role in the motor, sensory and secretory functions of the gut. For some time, s...
Salmonella uses molecular staples to change structure of infected cells
...ppens when Salmonella infects the human intestinal tract
- which it does frequently. Worldwide, Salmonella bacteria cause more than one billion new human infections each year, resulting in more than three million deaths. Most infections are due to errant consumption of food contaminated with animal feces, ...
UCLA study uses genetic profiling to distinguish types of leprosy
...cts the skin, peripheral nerves, upper respiratory tract
and eyes, and can lead to severe disfigurement of the hands, face and feet. It is uncertain how leprosy is spread, and current treatment includes a multi-drug regimen....
Ingenium publishes biological characterization of first mouse model for kidney stones
...elatively large calculi or "stones" in the urinary tract
of the animal. Ingenium researchers located the mutation responsible for the disease state in the Slc3a1 gene. Mutations in the human Slc3a1 gene have long been associated with cystinuria, demonstrating a direct link and further validation of the mo...
JCI Table of Contents
...ion and intestinal dysmotility. TITLE: Alimentary tract
innervation deficits and dysfunction in mice lacking GDNF family receptor alpha2 AUTHOR CONTACT: Matti Airaksinen Institute of Biotechnology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland Phone: 3589-191-59397 Fax: 3589-191-59560 E-mail: mairaksi@oper...
Genes that paint fly derrieres hint at convergence
...collecting and systematizing insects near a wooded tract
close to Eagle Heights, a housing complex for UW-Madison students and their families, Gompel captured a wild fruit fly that looked very much like the species Drosophila melanogaster, the workhorse of many modern genetics laboratories. "I found a Dros...
Infectious disease study findings presented by University of Pittsburgh scientists
...en the vast number of women who have lower genital tract
infections, our findings reveal that a substantial number of reproductive-aged women are at risk for infertility." These findings are being presented beginning at 10:15 a.m., Friday, Aug. 8....
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