Tag: "trillion" at biology news
Northeastern University receives $12.4 million NSF grant for creation of nanomanufacturing institute
..., these systems could catapult the field into a $1 trillion
industry by 2015. The NSF grant establishes the Center for High Rate Nanomanufacturing, which will be headquartered at Northeastern under the leadership of Ahmed Busnaina, the William Lincoln Smith Professor and director of the Nanomanufacturing Res...
Flame retardants found on supermarket shelves
...ish study reported an upper level of 340 parts per trillion
(ppt), while the most contaminated sample in the Texas study was a salmon filet with a concentration of more than 3,000 ppt. Likewise, the median concentration of PBDEs in meat from Dallas supermarkets was more than twice the maximum levels in meat f...
New version of premier global climate model released
...ace. CCSM3 is so complex that it requires about 3 trillion
computer calculations to simulate a single day of global climate. With CCSM3, scientists were able to add four times as many points for the land and atmosphere than had existed in the previous version of CCSM, thereby producing far more inform...
Trapping carbon in soil key for protecting global food security, dealing with climate change
...rs ago, some 78 billion metric tons more than 171 trillion
pounds of carbon once trapped in the soil have been lost to the atmosphere in the form of carbon dioxide (CO2). "Converting natural ecosystems to fields for crop production and pastures depletes a soil's carbon content by as much as 75 percent," Lal...
Oak Ridge National Laboratory to develop DOE leadership-class computing capability for science
...ion in funding to begin to build a 50 teraflop (50 trillion
calculations per second) science research supercomputer. The department selected ORNL from four proposals received from its non-weapon national labs. This new facility will enable the Office of Science to deliver world leadership-class computing f...
Biological computer diagnoses cancer and produces drug in a test tube
...8, 2004 -- The world's smallest computer (around a trillion
can fit in a drop of water) might one day go on record again as the tiniest medical kit. Made entirely of biological molecules, this computer was successfully programmed to identify in a test tube changes in the balance of molecules in the body tha...
U.S. President's budget proposal means 5-year cuts 'well below historic levels'
...g benefits would reduce revenues by more than $1.1 trillion
over the next decade. These fiscal impacts could come as the baby boomer generation hits retirement age, resulting in enormous increases in Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid expenses. Agency Impacts The president has proposed budget decrease...
Money talks: Concern for biodiversity pressed on boardrooms by new breed of fund managers
... the figure had risen to $639 billion and to $2.18 trillion
in 2003. In the United States, such SRI portfolios grew by more than 240 percent from 1995 to 2003, 40% more than the 174 percent growth of the universe of assets under professional management. Similar trends are evident in Europe. The number of SR...
Story tips from the Department of Energys Oak Ridge National Laboratory, February 2004
... 865-576-0226; firstname.lastname@example.org ] COMPUTING -- 10 trillion
and counting . . . With eight cabinets, 256 processors and 3.2 teraflops (3.2 trillion
calculations per second) of computing power, Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Cray X1 is the largest ...
'Mad cow' mechanism may be integral to storing memory
...d within that intricate network of approximately 1 trillion
neurons and their synapses. With experience and learning, new junctions form and others are strengthened. CPEB synthesizes proteins that strengthen such synapses as memories are formed, enabling the synapses to retain those memories over long periods...
Global wetlands surveyed from space
...shed in Nature in 1997 arrived at a figure of 27.7 trillion
Euros (33 trillion
dollars), with wetland ecosystems making up 12.5 trillion
($14.9 trillion) or 45% - of this total. ...
World's most alkaline life forms found near Chicago
...xide), driving up the pH. There is an estimated 21 trillion
cubic feet of contaminated industrial fill dumped in southeast Illinois and northeast Indiana, about half of which is thought to be slag, Roadcap noted. The slag dumps where the microbial communities were found resembled filled wetlands and are often...
Bad Mileage: 98 tons of plants per gallon
...uel consumption in 1997 equaled the energy in 15.8 trillion
kilograms of wood. Dukes multiplied that by 45 per...fuel consumption in 1997 equaled the energy in 7.1 trillion
kilograms of carbon in plant matter. Studies have estimated that all land plants today contain 56.4...
Grant of powerful computer to Rutgers-Newark will increase understanding of brain activity
...r-channel data storage system capable of holding a trillion
bytes of information. As a result, analyses of the immense amounts of data generated by human brain scans that would previously have taken months to complete can now be finished in days, according to Hanson. The grant will dramatically enhance scie...
Worlds protected areas suffer from $2.5 billion annual shortfall
...ctively, services such as these are worth some $33 trillion
each year. "In weighing the costs and benefits of a global network of protected areas, it is critical to take into account the enormous benefits that undeveloped habitats provide to society," said Andrew Balmford, Senior Lecturer at the University of...
Laboratory 'theme park' re-creates RNA world for study
...rs in Bartel's lab fill tubes with anywhere from 1 trillion
to 1 quadrillion RNA molecules, selecting for those that can expand by forming chemical bonds with other RNAs. The molecules that can do this are isolated; the rest are discarded. These new, bigger RNAs are multiplied, returned to the tube and tested...
...lly important to our health. There are about 100 trillion
microbes in the average person, which is around ten times the number of cells in their body. "This means it is not surprising that they might have big effects, and we believe that the exact species composition might determine the way in which some ...
Study finds direction of enzymes affects DNA repair
...esions that occur each day in each of a human's 10 trillion
cells, repair enzymes travel up and down the double helix strands of DNA until they find a damaged area. The enzymes cut out the lesion and fill the gap with fresh DNA. All this is performed in very tight quarters. Each human cell has a strand ...
Gold nanoparticles and catalytic DNA produce colormetric lead sensor
...s can sample a very large pool of DNA (up to 1,000 trillion
molecules), amplify the desired sequence by the polymerase chain reaction and introduce mutations to improve performance. While most DNA is double stranded, the catalytic DNA Lu and Liu use has a single strand that can wrap around like a protein. In ...
Without enzyme catalyst, slowest known biological reaction takes 1 trillion years
...takes for half the substance to be consumed - is 1 trillion
years, 100 times longer than the lifetime of the u... the uncatalyzed phosphate monoester reaction of 1 trillion
years, "This number puts us way beyond the known universe in terms of slowness," he said. "(The enzy...
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