Tag: "uncover" at biology news

National Cancer Institute awards cancer center $4.5 million for colon cancer research

...HC). The five-year grant will support a project to uncover a new genetic link in the development of colon cancer. In providing the funding, the NCI noted the strength and experience of the research team in colorectal cancer genetics research. The team is directed by Sanford Markowitz, the Frances Wragg Inga...

This is your adolescent brain on alcohol

...n are currently using brain scanning techniques to uncover exactly which brain regions may be most affected by heavy drinking during adolescence. "This study and the issues it raises about the influence of alcohol on neuropsychological performance in adolescents are all just the tip of the iceberg," Goldman ...

Columbia University establishes David Mahoney Center for Brain and Behavior Research

...tely, with studies at the center, we would hope to uncover mechanisms underlying human disease and cognitive disorders including schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease, age-related memory loss, and attention disorders of childhood." David Mahoney, a leading advocate of brain research, began his career in public ...

Progress in mental retardation research

...ow advances in human genome sequencing have helped uncover genes involved in MR. Mental retardation, defined as IQ under 70, affects two to three percent of the population, either as part of a complex syndrome (e.g., Down syndrome) or by itself (non-specific MR). Many different gene defects can cause non-sp...

Some alcoholics may self-medicate with carbohydrates between drinks

... of South Carolina. "Research is now beginning to uncover specific genetic factors and neurobiological mechanisms that contribute to alcoholism. This study helps us to understand how disturbances in one of the important neurochemical systems, the serotonergic system, may be related to increased alcohol cra...

Study: too much sugar, not enough milk may damage U.S. teens' health

... health. The researchers conducted their study to uncover adolescent food consumption trends that could affect chronic diseases in the United States. They analyzed dietary survey information from a subset of 12, 498 teens from an original group of 90,000 participants in four U.S. Department of Agriculture s...

Gene 'shaving' could help doctors predict the efficacy of cancer treatments

...ions throughout this field as scientists strive to uncover the meaning behind the genomic information they have meticulously gathered. "Today statistics is more important that ever, because of the ease with which we can collect large amounts of data," says Tibshirani, "The challenge is to sort through all o...

Symposium on genetics in public health

...he human genome sequence known, research will soon uncover the major genetic susceptibility factors for most common illnesses in the next 5-7 years. It will create a way to measure the risk of illness and will lead to prevention medicine. Francis Collins, director of the National Human Genome Research Inst...

New report looks at genome boom in microbiology

...cover thousands of novel biological functions, and uncover clues to the history of evolution. Genomic science can revolutionize our scientific understanding of the world we live in, the microbial world that lives within us, and the applications of biotechnology. But it will require important decisions and s...

NSF boosts research for understanding structure and function of complex plant genomes

...st awards funded at the University of Florida will uncover the genes involved in development of maize endosperm. Endosperm, the starchy part of maize kernels, is an important food source and also serves as a good basic model for organ development in plants. In a related project, research funded at the Unive...

Helping energy conservation projects survive the budget axe

...mining the value of a conservation project need to uncover these overlooked savings and include them in the project payback calculation. "Conservation projects are helped by understanding the real costs of saving energy," Fossum says....

Stalking a Parkinsons protein

...alth use information on human and mouse genomes to uncover a novel genetic element that controls alpha-synuclein activity. Mutations in the alpha-synuclein gene cause some cases of inherited Parkinsons. In addition, deposits of alpha-synuclein protein are found in Lewy bodies, the protein aggregates found i...

A bizarre new predatory dinosaur unearthed on Madagascar

...c was played in the quarry, crew members seemed to uncover more bones of Masiakasaurus. Although naming a dinosaur after a musician is hardly standard paleontological practice-indeed this is likely a first-the expedition crew thought the decision to be entirely appropriate. As Sampson puts it, "Finding fos...

New technique answers one of waters basic mysteries

...s the new combination of techniques can be used to uncover new ways to understand and control chemical reactions....

Virus studies reunite two families of major insect-borne viruses

... the structure of these viruses, we may be able to uncover the mechanisms that allow them to thrive and develop new strategies for their prevention and control." The findings provide new insights on how these major families of insect-borne viruses, which together cause millions of cases of human illness e...

Hopkins' Young Investigators' Day winners shine in the spotlight

...ell survival. Frederick C. Nucifora has helped uncover how abnormal huntingtin, the errant protein in Huntington's disease, pulls a molecule that's necessary for cell survival away from its site of action on a cell's DNA. In short, he's contributed to understanding what goes awry molecularly in the dise...

Ohio State chemist wins national award for study of reactive intermediates

...nal meeting in Chicago. My research is designed to uncover the precise sequence of steps, or mechanism, by which organic chemicals undergo conversion, said Platz, who is Melvin S. Newman professor of chemistry at Ohio State University. Organic chemicals include pharmaceuticals, proteins, gasoline and all oth...

Chemist at University of California, San Diego, wins national award for drug research

...e defects of morphine, Goodman said. His team must uncover new strategies and chemical reactions to make building blocks of peptide mimics as well as the novel target molecules themselves, he added. To that end, the chemist uses computer simulations to design and analyze new candidates, and various detection...

Antimicrobial resistance poses increasing problem for growers

...ew insights for plant disease scientists hoping to uncover alternative methods to fight diseases that are now being controlled with antimicrobial compounds. States Lewis, Its critical that we examine methods to prevent and/or manage antimicrobial resistance if we are to continue to receive the substantial be...

Rutgers researchers find black tea 'bullet' that targets colorectal cancer

...searchers to easily sift through many compounds to uncover those with therapeutic potential. Rutgers licenses the process to WellGen, a New Jersey company spun off from Rutgers in 1998. The university is a major shareholder in WellGen, which develops and markets the compounds. Aside from black and green te...

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