Tag: "understanding" at biology news
Scientists ID A Protein With Punch As Infection-Inflammation Fighter
...ways a long time from drug discovery and the first understanding
of abasic biochemical activity of a substance to the day when human patients benefitfrom such research," they say. That said, the K-State researchers acknowledge,"It is exciting to be involved with a compound like PR-39 that has the potentialto make ...
Crossing Bacterial/Archaeal Boundaries
...thanogenesis. These findings have implications for understanding
not only the metabolism of these specific two groups of organisms, but to understanding
the evolutionary history of C1 pathways in all organisms. These genes encoding these enzymes have ei...
Secretary Babbitt To Visit Smokies To Learn More Of Scientific Amphibian Project
And Declining Frog And Toad Populations
...eir environment. I believe it's essential to gain understanding
of thescope and extent of this problem. Certainly whatever is killing and deformingfrogs, toads and salalmanders may be a powerful warning signal to us all." Secretary Babbitt will begin his tour of the Great Smoky MountainNational Park moni...
News Backgrounder: Duke Primate Center Successfully Fosters Mysterious Aye-Ayes
...er, the aye-ayes stillpresent a major challenge in understanding
their physiology, said Williams. This need...ficantly aid the aye-aye's future survival,because understanding
how the primates forage naturally is a key to preservingthat ability. Such foraging will be literall...
Ecological Consequences Of Jasmonate-Induced Responses For Plants In Native Populations
...ue to herbivore attack is high. The advances in understanding
the signal transduction pathways that mediate the defense responses of plants provide ecologists with the opportunity to rigorously test the costs and benefits of defenses under natural conditions and provide important insights into the d...
UNC-CH Researchers Develop Promising Heart Research Tool
...al model system, shouldcontribute significantly to understanding
internal changes in heart muscle cellsand their interaction during heart attacks," said Dr. Wayne E. Cascio, associateprofessor of medicine at the UNC-CH School of Medicine. "That is key informationfor heart researchers and possibly the pharmaceutica...
Inter-Element Recombination Between Retrotransposons May Be Strategy For
Evolution Of Viruses Like HIV
... medicines designed tofight them. And important in understanding
retroviruses are retrotransposons --pieces of DNA ... -- evidence thatcould serve as a model system for understanding
why retroviral elements evolveso quickly. "This is the first study to show that transposons...
Molecular Marker May Identify Bladder Cancer Patients Most Likely To Recur
..." The study also highlights the need for a greater understanding
of how the tumorsuppressor genes and proteins function, says Cote. "While p53 status of a tumorprovides a strong indication about the risk of recurrence, this study shows thatknowledge of both p53 and p21 status is a more powerful indicator of risk,"...
Alstrom Syndrome Genetics Studied At Jackson Laboratory
...#246m Syndrome. The research is providingincreased understanding
of the genetic basis for the disease and may offerfundamental insights into the underlying causes of obesity, diabetes, andsensory defects in humans. As part of the research effort, 46 living Alström individuals have beenlocated in 10 cou...
Researchers Identify A Protein Critical For T Cell Development And Activation
...ine. The finding provides scientists with a better understanding
of the basic biologyof immune system activation, which is critical to understanding
immunodeficiencydisorders and autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes andsystemi...
Cultured Neural Stem Cells Reduce Symptoms In Model Of Parkinsons Disease
...ing how the brain develops that may greatlyimprove understanding
of nervous system disorders, says Ronald McKay, Ph.D., ofthe National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), seniorauthor of the report which will appear in the August 1998 issue of NatureNeuroscience (1). "Cells are the ul...
NASA Research Helps Map Protein Structures -- Key In The Development Of New
... is making significant contributions toscientists' understanding
of the molecular structure of living things - a ke...by NASA-sponsored scientistsare providing a better understanding
of protein structures and functions.Determining the structures of proteins -- which allow living org...
Reengineered Poliovirus Proves Effective As Vector For Prompting Key Immune
Response In A Study With Mice
...an effective vaccine, andmay have implications for understanding
poliovirus pathogenesis." While the melanoma mouse model was contrived, it may well be possible, he said,to create a recombinant poliovirus with an antigen that would prompt a CD8T-cell response to cancers that actually affect humans. Researchers at ...
New Alzheimer's-Associated Mutation May Provide Key To Disease Process
...ed, this would prove to be a very major finding in understanding
thegenetic basis of the common, late-onset form of Alzheimer's disease." Scientists have long been familiar with the A2M protein and its gene, found onchromo-some 12. A2M is a protease inhibitor, controlling the activity ofenzymes that break down ot...
USGS Measures Coral Reef Recovery In Culebra, Puerto Rico
...photographed coral reefs at three sites to gain an understanding
of how thecorals have recuperated since Hurricane Hugo. Coral reefs are sources of carbonate sand production, buffers to storm-waveinduced coastalerosion, sites of high biologic productivity (important to local fisheries), andtourist attractions. In...
Atmospheric Chemistry -- A Mysterious Isotope Effect In A Well-Known AtmosphericPollutant Discovered
...ght into theatmospheric budget of CO, and a better understanding
of the OH distribution inthe atmosphere may be obtained. Besides these useful applications of the discovered isotope effect, fundamentalquestions concerning reaction mechanisms in the gas phase are raised. At presentit is impossible to explain the c...
Australian Scientists In World-First Cell Discovery
...fic journal Nature, has major implications for our understanding
of the mechanisms behind growth and development, ...tures are expected to be 90 per cent similar - so understanding
the crystal structure of the IGF receptor helps us to understand most of the structure of all three...
Marine Snail Toxin Targeted At African Toad Eggs Reveals Novel Impact On The Regulation Of Serotonin
...Therefore, he said, "itprovides a model system for understanding
how this big class of channels works." While researchers do know that the toxic peptides released by marine snail venomrapidly immobilize prey by creating neuromuscular and sensory blockades andstimulating shock, they do not know for certain that thi...
Purdue Study: RNA 'Motor' Transports DNA In Virus
...nanoscale devicesand will also improve scientists' understanding
of how cells transport largemolecules through barriers such as membranes. In the study, Guo's lab found that Bacteriophage Phi 29, a virus thatinfects one type of bacteria, uses six RNA to form a hexagon that acts in amanner similar to a six-cyli...
Putting Down Your Roots: How Plants Know To Do It
...imilar to that of food cropslike rice and corn, so understanding
genetic pathways that regulate the growthof this w...pment is oneimportant way plants obtain nutrients, understanding
the genetics of root growthcould lead to new strategies for enhancing food production, particularly ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10