Tag: "virologist" at biology news

Cannabis may help combat cancer-causing herpes viruses

...cells will become cancerous. The USF team, led by virologist Peter Medveczky, MD, found that this sudden reactivation was prevented if infected cells were grown in the presence of THC. While cells infected with a mouse gamma herpes virus normally died when the virus was reactivated, these same cells survived w...

Common cold virus can cause polio in mice when injected into muscles

...a poliovirus, said Matthias Gromeier, M.D., a Duke virologist and senior author of the study. "In principle, Coxsackieviruses could cause polio in humans," said Gromeier. "We are in the process of eradicating polio worldwide, but if we eliminate the poliovirus and cease polio vaccinations, our immune systems wo...

Study of flu patients reveals virus outsmarting key drug

...ted by an international team of researchers led by virologist Yoshihiro Kawaoka of the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the University of Tokyo. Results of the study showed that nearly 20 percent of patients treated with the drug produced mutant drug-resistant viruses as soon as four days after treatment. Mo...

Images reveal how rotavirus - leading cause of diarrhea - enters cells

...y Dr. Philip Dormitzer, a physician and structural virologist in CHB's Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, the researchers used crystallography and electron microscopy to determine the geometric structure and working parts of one of the virus's surface proteins, called VP4. Rotavirus itself is a large, soccer ba...

Computer database being developed at Temple will allow for better inventory of chemicals

...less man-hours to complete. But now, thanks to virologist Jay Rappaport, Ph.D., an AIDS researcher in Temples Center for Neurovirology and Cancer Biology, the task may soon get much easier. Rappaport, who chairs the Universitys bio-safety committee, has developed a prototype database and software that w...

Colleagues to recognize research leadership in cancer detection, prevention and treatment

...riend Memorial Lectureship. Named for the renowned virologist and discoverer of the Friend virus, this lecture provides recognition for an outstanding scientist who has made meritorious contributions to the field of cancer research and who has, through leadership or by example, furthered the advancement of wome...

Researchers in UGA Vet School discover a mechanism that blocks replication of a retrovirus

...Sciences. The team was led by Massimo Palmarini, a virologist at UGA's College of Veterinary Medicine. Co-authors are Manuela Mura, Pablo Murcia and Marco Caporale of UGA; Thomas Spencer of Texas A&M University; and Kunio Nagashima and Alan Rein of the HIV Drug Resistance Program, National Cancer Institute in F...

Scientists making advances in cancer prevention, detection and treatment to receive awards

...e Friend Memorial Lecture. Named for the renowned virologist and discoverer of the Friend virus, Dr. Charlotte Friend, this lecture provides recognition for an outstanding scientist who has made meritorious contributions to the field of cancer research and who has, through leadership or by example, furthered t...

Case researchers discover the mouth's defenses against AIDS

...uinones-Mateu, the first author on the paper and a virologist from the Lerner Research Center at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation. Their recent discovery, which went on the fast track for publication in AIDS is the result of funding from a National Institute of Health-funded study on oral defenses against AIDS, ...

Project to make smallpox inoculations safe by 'leashing' current vaccine virus

...us from taking this step. Arizona State University virologist Bertram Jacobs thinks he may have a way to end the worry. Jacobs has received a $5.5 million, five-year grant from the National Institutes of Health's Biodefense Partnership program to develop and test a modified smallpox vaccine that is expected to ...

Hollow spheres make solid vaccine to protect fish

...ew vaccine through recombinant DNA technology. CBR virologist Vikram N. Vakharia said that he and colleague Raghunath B. Shivappa used an insect virus in cabbage looper caterpillars to produce quantities of IPNV-like particles. The virus-like particles are hollow shells, the complete protein coat of the virus. ...

Texas A&M, Ecor Corp. sign deal to produce health-related proteins

...ariety of human diseases," said Dr. Erik Mirkov, a virologist and molecular biologist at the Texas A&M Agricultural Research and Extension Center at Weslaco, in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. Texas A&M officials recently signed a license agreement with ECOR whereby ECOR acquires exclusive rights to commercialize...

Bodys own antibodies may drive new strains of HIV

... vaccine. A team led by Douglas D. Richman, MD, a virologist and physician with the Veterans Affairs (VA) San Diego Healthcare System and the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine, found that patients infected with HIV rapidly develop a strong antibody response against the virus. But th...

UT Southwestern researchers link human lymphomas to polio vaccine tainted with monkey virus

...ur research. Fortunately, Dr. Janet Butel, a noted virologist from Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, has independently obtained almost identical data, which will also be published in The Lancet. These two extensive and carefully done studies present a powerful one-two punch against skeptics....

Virulence molecules found for poultry bursal virus

... At UMBI's Center for Agricultural Research (CAB), virologist Vikram N. Vakharia and colleagues report finding specific amino acid residues in the Gumboro-causing viruses that are responsible for its infection, virulence and disease development in poultry. In the late 1980's, concern was heightened in the poul...

Space Research Briefs - Sept./Oct. 2001

...nd the entire space crew," said Butel, a molecular virologist at Baylor College of Medicine. "We hope to find ways to regulate resistance to infection and viral reactivation and to decrease the possible risk of cancer."...

Slight molecular tweak, and flu virus becomes a killer

...uses highly pathogenic," says Yoshihiro Kawaoka, a virologist at UW-Madison and corresponding author of the Science paper. The virus responsible for the 1997 Hong Kong outbreak, which infected at least 18 people and killed six of those with known infections, is an avian flu virus and was transmitted to humans,...

Dr. Robert C. Gallo to Collaborate with Visiting Israeli Scientist on Promising HIV Vaccine Research at Marylands Institute of Human Virology

...ershoni of Tel-Aviv University with world-renowned virologist Dr. Robert C. Gallo, director of the University of Marylands Institute of Human Virology, a center of the University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, and co-discoverer of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. The grant was made official through a pro...

New egg-free flu vaccine called promising for those with egg allergy

...ars," says Otfried Kistner, Ph.D. Kistner, a virologist with Baxter Hyland Immuno in Orth/Donau, Austria, and director of the research project, described the vaccine today at the 221st national meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society. Although at least two ot...

USGS diagnoses causes of many US amphibian die-offs

...offs in the western United States and Canada. USGS virologist Douglas Docherty has isolated iridoviruses from tiger salamander die-offs in Idaho (1999), Utah (1998), and North Dakota (1998), and Green has found microscopic evidence of an iridovirus infection in tiger salamanders from Wyoming (1999). Other rese...

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