Tag: "yields" at biology news

Federal grant supports advances in infant heart disease at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

...ntal hypothesis into a translational approach that yields practical treatments." Congenital heart abnormalities, which occur in approximately one in 100 live births, are the largest contributor to deaths from birth defects. Although advances in medical and surgical treatments have greatly improved survival...

Athletics, genetic enhancement and ethics

...g genetic manipulation and weight training in rats yields leg muscles that are bigger and stronger than the muscles of rats exposed to just one of these two muscle-building techniques, according to a new study. These findings will frame a discussion at the 2004 AAAS (Triple-A-S) Annual Meeting on potential ...

Carbon dioxide fertilization is neither boon nor bust

... era and that it will lead to greater agricultural yields and carbon sinks," said Richard Norby of the Department of Energy's ORNL. "Some recent experiments, however, have suggested that there will be no lasting effect of carbon dioxide fertilization. As is often the case, the truth may lie in between." Nor...

National ocean commissioners & scientists call for overhaul of ocean policies & management

... focused on trying to maintain maximum sustainable yields of commercially targeted species. This involves using models to adjust catches and attempting to keep populations near 50% of their estimated "unfished" levels. Ecosystem-based management recognizes that there is a great deal of uncertainty in predi...

Primate testes grafted into mice rapidly produce fertile sperm

...ty of California, Davis, describe a technique that yields fertile primate sperm when tissue from the testes of young rhesus monkeys are grafted into mice. The research team, headed by Dr. Ina Dobrinksi of the Center for Animal Transgenesis and Germ Cell Research in the School of Veterinary Medicine, Univers...

A new hope for heavy metal contaminated soils

...mental conditions. This could help to improve crop yields in parts of the world where the climate or the soils are limiting or endangering agriculture, or develop healthier or more nutritious crops. Iron and zinc deficiency are two of the most common nutritional deficiencies. The knowledge of the molecular ...

Advance in developing biological strategies to produce hydrogen and sequester carbon dioxide

...gies for gene therapy; improving agricultural crop yields that are better disease resistance and improving strategies for combating agricultural diseases; and even enhancing our ability to detect and defeat potential biothreat agents which is important to homeland security. Abraham also announced that he is...

Beyond biology: Simple system yields custom-designed proteins

...erse, he said. The second, the calculation method, yields only one protein at a time. Hecht's method offers a middle ground because it limits the number of possible sequences to those that fit the correct oil-loving/water-loving patterns. Having a rich variety of custom proteins may allow scientists to cons...

Why genetic diversity matters

...pend on -- is a powerful force not only for higher yields but also to give millions of poor people around the world a more secure food supply. This symposium is part of the ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meetings in Denver, CO. The symposium will be held from 8 to 11 am in the Colorado Convention Center, Room A209, S...

Awareness of GM foods increasing, while overall support slipping

...t now the major benefits of GM crops are increased yields and reduced pesticide use," says Dr. Hallman. "While that's good news for the farmers and the environment, most consumers haven't taken much notice. However, over the next few years, GM products will be introduced with consumers in mind and will incl...

From genome comparisons, UCSD researchers learn lessons about evolution and cancer

...e journal Bioinformatics includes an analysis that yields the first high-resolution (albeit incomplete) picture of the genomic architecture of a complex breast cancer genome. Human cancer cells frequently possess chromosomal aberrations (such as missing an arm of a chromosome), or rearrangements, leading to...

Purdue researchers solve decades-old corn, sorghum problem

...ion applications since some grains produce greater yields if plants are kept short. Guri Johal, assistant pr...rom wind, rain or even their own weight. Increased yields of dwarf varieties of wheat, introduced throughout India, Pakistan, and Southeast Asia during the 19...

New gene for rare inherited paralysis may aid other spinal cord research, too

...ug- and cell-based therapies. Until this research yields new treatment options, the U-M and a few other centers offer treatment for HSP's effects, and genetic testing and counseling. Support groups and a new Spastic Paraplegia Foundation bring patients and researchers together locally and nationally. Fink ...

Improving fertilizer efficiency

...t recommendation of 120 lbs. per acre and achieved yields similar to plants receiving 120 pounds per acre. In 2001, cotton yields reached their goal of 2.5 bales per acre. "In-season nitrogen sensing won't replace spring soil nitr...

Few Filipino farmers know of the benefits of golden rice

...se when seen against the backdrop of stagnant rice yields in the country for the past decade."...

New guidelines can help health officials better predict and control dengue epidemics

...o the value of having an early warning system that yields information on a possible outbreak of dengue--even when that system is not 100% accurate. The guidelines are described in an English-language article in the July 2003 issue of the "Revista Panamericana de Salud Pblica/Pan American Journal of Public ...

Book traces the history and mystery of the Deschutes River

...ed creek. It possesses one of the lowest sediment yields of any river in the world in its upper reaches. The modern flow regime, both before and after dam construction, is largely ineffective in changing the river's form or character. At the same time, the river has experienced truly cataclysmic floods i...

Lake ecosystem critical to East African food supply is threatened by climate change

...n central Africa, a significant decline in fishing yields resulting from climate change could lead to extremely serious consequencesfor the region's food supply," he added....

Rising ozone levels pose challenge to U.S. soybean production, scientists say

...ser. "Ozone levels are already suppressing soybean yields each year by about 20 percent based on projections of the USDA and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. "Our experiment gives us a good indication of what additional loss we may be seeing over the next few decades," Long said. "It predicts about...

Increasing carbon dioxide relieves drought stress in corn, researchers say

...nitial exposure to carbon dioxide led to increased yields that were later dramatically reversed by the effects of ozone. The SoyFACE research area on the south end of campus features 70-footoctagon-shaped plots in which ABS plastic pipes deliver at crop level a precisely regulated flow of either carbon diox...

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