Tag: "diseases" at biology news

32 new grants made for innovative technology R&D

...duced enzymes to treat and prevent major bacterial diseases that threaten commercial aquaculture. Language Weaver, Inc. (Marina del Ray, Calif.) Syntax- and Rule-Based Decoding for Statistical Machine Translation SystemsDevelop an integrated, statistical phrase-based and syntactic rule approach to mach...

College students recognized & rewarded for their innovative work

...y early detection systems that could help test for diseases such as Alzheimer's, and further an emerging field known as microfluidics. An undergraduate winner, a graduate winner, and a grand prizewinner were selected from fourteen finalist teams. Advisors for each winning team were also recognized for their ...

An embryonic stem cell model for Parkinson's disease

...ted with neuronal cell death and neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson's. Proving a causal relationship between oxidative stress and neurodegeneration, however, requires establishing a molecular mechanism. These results support a link between oxidative damage and disease, and provide a tractable model for...

Fungus knocks a frog down but not out, raising questions about amphibian declines

...opulations, researchers increasingly cite emerging diseases as major causes. Among these, one particularly mysterious new pathogen, the chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis appears to be especially lethal, having been implicated in massive declines and waves of extinction in Central America and Easte...

Stanford researchers establish center for physics-based simulations of biological structures

...olding, which has implications for rheumatological diseases (principal investigator Dan Herschlag); myosin dynamics, which is important for understanding myopathies and generation of motive force throughout organ systems (Jim Spudich); neuromuscular dynamics, which must be understood to better treat movement ...

NIH funds first nationaL SNP genotyping center at Broad Institute

... improving the diagnosis and treatment of numerous diseases of humans that may have significant genetic compon... or genotypes, that are associated with particular diseases or responses to drug therapies. Studies examining genetic variation in animals such as mice and rat...

Protein energy profiles offer clues about amyloids

HOUSTON, Oct., 5, 2004 -- Patients suffering from diseases as varied as Type II diabetes, Alzheimer's, Parkin...t the fact that they are present in very different diseases affecting millions of people points to the need for improved understanding of the basic processes of...

Irwin Rose wins 2004 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

... by degradation. Cancer and some neurodegenerative diseases are thought to be related to disruptions in this pathway. From the work of Rose, Ciechanover and Hershko, it is now possible to understand at the molecular level how modification by attachment of ubiquitin results in breakdown of unwanted protein...

Marine Biological Laboratory summer investigator wins Nobel Prize in Chemistry

...the immune system. It is implicated in a number of diseases as well, including cervical cancer caused by the human papilloma virus. Because it is involved in the body's inflammatory response to invading microbes, it may also play a role in autoimmune diseases. Hershko has been a summer investigator at the ...

Interactive health information system to detect Japanese encephalitis in Asia

... be adopted for national use in India or for other diseases of interest, and ultimately improve national and subregional disease surveillance networks in other parts of Asia. "Voxiva's innovative approach holds huge potential, because the system allows the information to be immediately ...

Bugs in the gut could play key role in understanding human disease and drug toxicity

...rs to new a understanding and novel treatments for diseases say scientists from Imperial College London and As...r comments: "We have known for some time that many diseases are influenced by a variety of factors, including both genetics and environment, but the concept of ...

T cell's memory may offer long-term immunity to leishmaniasis

...ainst leishmaniasis and other immune cell mediated diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS. Attempts to create a vaccine for leishmaniasis have long been stymied by the fact that the helper T cells, which coordinate the immune response against a pathogen, need constant stimulation from the pathogen in ord...

Experts present new research on hot topics in aging at GSA's annual meeting in Washington, DC

...nt the consequences of tobacco use and obesity and diseases such as cancer, heart disease, and diabetes. Through his leadership, CDC and public health have achieved for chronic disease prevention the kind of recognition and support that the previous century gave to the infectious disease arena. November ...

Report: How 10 top new technologies will help world reach globally-agreed goals by 2015

...medical tools that quickly and accurately diagnose diseases like AIDS and malaria top a list of 10 biotech bre... people in developing countries die each year from diseases that could be prevented or treated cheaply and easily through the development and use of a handful o...

Cooperation to create a new tuberculosis vaccine

...tional vaccines, and which is needed to fight many diseases that can not be treated so far, Tubersulosis being among them. With MIDGE (Minimalistic Immunogenically Defined Gene Expression) MOLOGEN has developed a unique, safe and efficient technology for this new generation of vaccines. The vaccine regime joi...

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, October 2004

...ade interfaces that could one day be used to treat diseases and perform other tasks at the cellular level. In a paper to be published in an upcoming issue of Nano Letters, Mitch Doktycz and colleagues at ORNL and the University of Tennessee outline a system of microarrays of vertically aligned carbon nanofibe...

Defense provides additional $4.9 million for pathogen research tool

...or for users to more effectively combat infectious diseases by providing access to relevant data and tools to analyze, manage, visualize, and extend existing and developing data sets. Through integration with VBI's core laboratory facility, VBI scientists and collaborators have access to a unique infrastructu...

Acoustics meeting in San Diego

...device for noninvasive assessment of bone for such diseases as osteoporosis. In a clinical study of 60 women ranging in age from 25-88, the device, known as QRT 2000, used ultrasound to measure bone mass in the women's heels. The researchers hope the low-cost, handheld device could be used by primary care ph...

Mitochondria findings may help beat wide range of disease

...ases, including some cancers and neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's. Researchers f...process goes awry, healthy cells die, resulting in diseases ranging from optic atrophy (the most common inherited form of blindness), to Charcot-Marie-Tooth dis...

UNC scientists identify sticky protein in sickle cell red blood cells

...elongs, the integrins, are being tested for use in diseases such as Crohn's disease, and these inhibitors are now attractive and rational therapies for sickle cell disease," said Parise. ...

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(Date:10/16/2014)... Cancer constantly wages war on the human body. ... a stalemate. In pancreatic cancer, this stalemate—known as ... becoming aggressively malignant, a phenomena that is poorly ... in the laboratory of Salvatore Torquato, a Professor ... the conditions surrounding tumor dormancy and the switch ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... efficiently, they are anything but sustainable: environmental damage ... is becoming increasingly evident. Despite their disadvantages, however, ... regarded as the sole possibility of achieving higher ... Bernhard Schmid, an ecology professor at the University ... agriculture and forestry. After all, a new study ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... , Oct. 15, 2014 Sandata ... for home and community-based care, today announced it ... implementing Sandata,s Santrax® Electronic Visit Verification™ Solution (EVV™) ... is a home health company founded in 1996 ... . The study details ...
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