Tag: "leafy" at biology news

How roots control plant shoots

...ow. How leaves grow is a crucial matter given that leafy plants supply food for humans and other creatures,...e they grow. A dandelion, for example, may be very leafy in Florida's humid climate, but have only small leaves when growing in Utah during a drought, says S...

FSU scientist links iron imbalance to Parkinson's disease

...dietary sources like red meats, dried fruits, dark leafy greens, tofu, cooked dried beans or wheat germ. "I'd be nervous about just handing someone iron supplements and saying 'have at it," she said. "Self-medicating may have unintended consequences." ...

Consuming fruits and vegetables lowers risk of developing NHL

...y strong for one or more servings per day of green leafy vegetables and one half or more servings per day of vegetables from the broccoli and cabbage family (including cauliflower and Brussels sprouts). Lower risks were also found, although not significantly, with higher intakes of whole fruits (exclud...

Study: Eat leafy green veggies to help prevent cataracts

...y evidence that certain antioxidants found in dark leafy green vegetables can indeed help prevent cataracts. Vitamin manufacturers often add the antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin to their products, but until now there has been no biochemical evidence to support the claim that these substances help protect...

UF researcher: Ideas about fossil horses undergo evolution in thinking

...ally became mixed feeders, eating both grasses and leafy material, he said. MacFadden analyzed the chemistry of fossilized teeth to determine horse diets. Animals incorporate into their skeletons and teeth the carbon content of the plants they eat, he said, and grasses photosynthesize carbon differently t...

Highlights of chemical society national meeting in San Diego, March 13-17

...entionally and organically grown lettuce and other leafy vegetable samples were collected from fields and farmers markets in California, New Mexico, Colorado, Michigan, Ohio, New York, Quebec and New Jersey. Most samples were collected from areas with no known contamination from munitions or aerospace rela...

Antioxidant-rich diets reduce brain damage from stroke in rats

...eficial chemicals contained in the blueberries and leafy greens might be reproduced therapeutically in pill form is difficult, Dr. Bickford said. "Whole foods contain multiple nutrients, so there are many different ways these diets could be protecting the brain. From a scientific perspective, it's a packag...

International research team announces finished rice genome

... sequenced plant genome: Arabidopsis thaliana , a leafy plant that is a popular laboratory model. While 90% of Arabidopsis proteins also occur in rice, only 71% of rice's proteins also occur in Arabidopsis. That, says Buell, suggests that rice may hold many rice-specific or cereal-specific genes. Alo...

New research shows folic acid in grains has reduced birth defects

...d foods that naturally contain folic acid, such as leafy green vegetables, and beans. Daily consumption is crucial because NTDs occur in the early weeks following conception, often before a woman knows she is pregnant. "Decline in the Prevalence of Spina Bifida and Anencephaly By Race-Ethnicity, 1995-20...

Leafy green vegetables may help keep brains sharp through aging

...Nutrition, folate, a B vitamin found in foods like leafy green vegetables and citrus fruit, may protect against cognitive decline in older adults. The research was conducted by scientists at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University. A team led by Katherine L. Tuck...

Hybrid grass may prove to be valuable fuel source

...s wildlife species make their homes in the plant's leafy canopy and in the surrounding undisturbed soil. Illinois researchers have found that Miscanthus grown in the state has greater crop yields than in Europe, where it has been used commercially for years, Long said. Full-grown plants produce 10-30 tons...

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology

... their environment. Their tendency to contaminate leafy vegetables often targeted for human consumption identifies them as likely source for E. coli transmission. Laboratory testing found E. coli O157 in 0.21 % of field slugs on a sheep farm in the UK. Further studies revealed that the slug species, De...

Anti-inflammatory effects of omega 3 fatty acid in fish oil linked to lowering of prostaglandin

...ily of fatty acids that originate in the diet from leafy vegetables and other plant sources. Second, the omega 3 fatty acids compete with omega 6 fatty acids for the same binding site on the COX 1 enzyme that converts the omega 6 fatty acids to prostaglandin (which is why the COX 1 enzyme and its COX 2 c...

Imbalance may trigger advance from fatty liver to liver failure

... vitamins and is found in organ meats, wheat germ, leafy vegetables, and egg yolks. The team earlier found that mice lacking PEMT, when fed a diet deficient for choline, developed liver failure. The researchers now demonstrate that the liver failure observed in the choline-deficient mutant mice results fr...

How did cactuses evolve?

...t Pereskia, a genus that consists of 17 species of leafy shrubs and trees, is where the earliest cactus lineages began. Using field studies and environmental modeling, Edwards and Donoghue found that the Pereskia species already showed water use patterns that are similar to the leafless, stem-succulent cac...

Tufts researchers are keeping track of vitamin K: Research summary

...thesized by plants, phylloquinone makes dark green leafy vegetables the richest source of vitamin K in the American diet. Lab Director Sarah Booth, PhD, and her USDA colleagues, for the first time reported data on the content of the two other major types of dietary vitamin K -- menaquinones and dihydrophyl...

Researchers develop technologies to devour food pathogens

...ase of quality in the product, such as browning of leafy greens. "If the product is safe, but nobody will eat it, that's not what we want," Linton said. "We are always thinking in terms of, 'Will this work for industry?' In this case, I believe the answer is yes. I would like to see this technology used r...

Genes and diet linked to risk factors for heart disease

...mega-6s than omega-3s. Omega-3s are found in nuts, leafy green vegetables, fatty fish, and vegetable oils like canola and flaxseed, while omega-6s are found in grains, meats, vegetable oils like corn and soy, and also processed foods made with these oils. Both omega-3s and omega-6s, known as essential fatt...

Consuming cola may up osteoporosis risk for older women

... sources, including non-dairy sources such as dark leafy greens or beans, was lower for women who drank the most cola. On average, women consumed 1,000 milligrams of calcium per day, and men consumed 800 milligrams per day, both lower than the daily recommended 1,200 daily milligrams for adults over age 50...

Diet can provide protection against development of certain cancers, new studies show

...in vegetable oils, nuts, whole grains, fish, green leafy vegetables and other foods. Studies that have examined the ability of vitamin E to protect against cancer have shown mixed results, however. The present study is unusual, the researchers say, because it measured two different markers in white bloo...

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(Date:8/19/2014)... Research and Network-Level Science, , Imagine if we had ... ecosystems was responding to global changes in real time. ... coupled multiple decades of information about ecological responses to ... dozens of different ecosystem types. , In fact, ... (LTER) Network, which will soon celebrate its 35th anniversary. ...
(Date:8/19/2014)... engineers have devised a new implantable tissue scaffold coated ... a few weeks. When applied to bone injuries or ... form new bone that looks and behaves just like ... could offer a dramatic improvement over the current standard ... another part of the patient,s body a painful ...
(Date:8/19/2014)... today,s crocodiles colonised the seas during warm phases and ... Anglo-French study which establishes a link between marine crocodilian ... period of more than 140 million years. , ... Universit de Lyon, France and formerly from the University ... Nature Communications ., Today, crocodiles are ,cold-blooded, animals that ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):This week from AGU: Long-term ecological research, predicting cholera outbreaks 2Engineering new bone growth 2Engineering new bone growth 3Evolution of marine crocodilians constrained by ocean temperatures 2
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