Tag: "life" at biology news
Diatom genome reveals key role in biosphere's carbon cycle
... project helps illustrate the amazing diversity of life
on our planet," Armbrust says. "Diatoms display features traditionally thought to be restricted to animals and other features thought to be restricted to plants. Diatoms, with complete disregard for these presumed boundaries, have mixed and matched d...
New therapy for specific form of leukemia
... gene, a piece of DNA is split off and 'takes on a life
of its own' as it were. This fragment contains the ABL1 gene, connected to another gene. Due to this fusion, ABL1 works non-stop − stimulating cell growth unremittingly. This process leads to an uncontrolled growth of immature white blood cells...
Don't stand so close to me: A new view on how species coexist
...use evolution has caused them to compromise on key life
measures, say ecologists at Imperial College Londo... up being good at everything and 'trade off' their life
histories. 'Life histories' is ecological jargon for the important measures, shaped by evolution, s...
32 new grants made for innovative technology R&D
... reduce polluting emissions while extending engine life
and preserving fuel efficiency. Innovative Wireless Technologies, Inc. (Forest, Va.) Unified Radio Architecture - A Cognitive Radio PlatformDevelop a "cognitive radio" software and hardware platform based on a novel radio-frequency IC chipset ...
Stanford cooling tool may improve performance of athletes, soldiers
... technology, strength, stamina and even quality of life
stand to improve for athletes and many others. "Our technology would certainly give athletes a clear competitive edge," Grahn notes. "We've seen that the rapid increases in strength people get when using the device persist after they stop using it. S...
Internet data-mining of natural history
...f North America , an 18-volume compilation of the life
histories of all North American bird species. Thanks to the NSF funding for BNA Online, researchers, students, birders, teachers and others have access to perpetually updated species accounts, based on the latest scientific findings. The accounts inc...
Good news: As you age, leg blood vessels adapt so you can still exercise without fainting
...contribute to enhanced independence and quality of life
in these individuals. Understanding the mechanisms by which blood flow to exercising muscles is altered with advancing age will also help us target interventions aimed at improving exercise tolerance in older adults, he said. N...
Protein energy profiles offer clues about amyloids
...acroscopic aggregates." All the basic functions of life
are carried out by proteins, and the DNA in each of our cells contains the blueprints for all the proteins we need. Every protein has a characteristic shape, and it folds itself into that shape very soon -- generally in less than a second -- after it...
September/October 2004 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
...sician at the time of hospital admission and other life
events, like a birth or death in the family. The s...contact with their physician. At the time of major life
events, many patients anticipated needing contact as well: 81 percent in the case of a birth within...
University of Edinburgh hosts European conference on childhood disability
...lity, maximise function and improve the quality of life
for affected children." Keynote lectures will include: cell mechanisms of language and learning; genetics, understanding and communication; motor disorders; optimising outcome in prematurity;epilepsy and disability; and non-accidental injury and chil...
Botulism bug says no to nitric oxide, provides key to molecule's role in human cell signaling
...a toxin to anaerobic bacteria the planet's oldest life
form into a beneficial signaling molecule in higher animals. It also offers an explanation for how the decades-old practice of treating meat with sodium nitrite prevents life-threatening food poisoning known as botulism. Discovering how botulism...
Component of volcanic gas may have played a significant role in the origins of life on Earth
...ongstanding question in research on the origins of life
on Earth--how did the first amino acids form the f...Fifty years of chemical research on the origins of life
has shown that amino acids could have formed spontaneously on the early Earth environment or could h...
Yale scientists find cooperative RNA switches in nature
...ons Breaker's research, testing theories about how life
began, led to the synthesis of "RNA switches" that respond to various target compounds, including several molecules of basic metabolism. They speculated that, if an RNA World theory were true, then RNA molecules most likely would make great molecular...
Experts present new research on hot topics in aging at GSA's annual meeting in Washington, DC
...urvivorship has established that both familial and life
style factors are important predictors of longevity. This symposium will shed additional light on personal and familial components contributing to survivorship. Data from four different studies collected in three countries will be presented: First, m...
Report: How 10 top new technologies will help world reach globally-agreed goals by 2015
...that approximately 330 million disability-adjusted life
years (one disability-adjusted life-year is defined as the loss of one year of healthy life
to disease) could be saved for every 8 million deaths prevented, generating economic benefit of US$1...
Emory chemists develop bacteria that may help decaffeinate coffee
...eakthrough, the Emory researchers have coupled the life
of a bacterium to the presence of theophylline, a compound that is used to treat asthma, and is produced by the breakdown of caffeine in both coffee and tea plants. One of the reasons that coffee has a high level of caffeine is that in the plant, caf...
Cells in retina found to behave like soap bubbles
...ology and a co-author on the paper. "Like bubbles, life
has co-opted a physical tendency for surfaces to be minimized and has harnessed it to design intricate cellular patterns within complex structures such as the eye." Similar to the colored dots in a Georges Seurat painting, though on a three-dimensio...
UF scientists have bionanotechnology recipe to find elusive bacteria
...gly incompatible materials the building blocks of life
and synthetic structures at a tiny, molecular-siz...oterrorism, Tan said. "In situations when there is life
and death, when you have to make a decision very quickly, our technology will really give you the qu...
Defense provides additional $4.9 million for pathogen research tool
...information about disease organisms. PathPort is a life
sciences interoperability framework that provide a...ta from disparate sources through an interoperable life
sciences framework built on open community standards. Current analytical tools in PathPort allow for...
INEEL uses extremophile bacteria to ease bleaching's environmental cost
...etter than its mammalian counterparts do. Its long life
in high-temperature wastewater can be traced back to T. brockianus' fondness for hot springs. But it turns out the bacterium doesn't fare as well as its enzyme in high pH conditions. "Along the way, we may figure out why the enzyme is stable in alkal...
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