Tag: "liver" at biology news
Smokeless tobacco more effective than cigarettes for delivering dangerous carcinogens into the body
... well as cancers of the pancreas, nasal mucosa and liver
in laboratory animals. Smokeless tobacco products have been proposed by some as safer alternatives to cigarettes, but they are not safe, said author Stephen S. Hecht, Ph.D., professor of cancer prevention at the University of Minnesota Cancer Cen...
OHSU turns mouse into factory for human liver cells
...d out how to turn a mouse into a factory for human liver
cells that can be used to test how pharmaceuticals...ill be great for hepatitis, this will be great for liver
stem cells, this will be great for gene therapy. It will allow a lot of what's going on only in rode...
New test improves detection of liver cancer
Ghent, Belgium − Cancer of the liver
is very difficult to detect, and it is a major cau...Shanghai in China, have developed a test to detect liver
cancer in an early stage. A small blood sample is the only requirement for the test. The new test en...
Sugar and spice and everything nice: Health differences in newborn girls and boys
...born female livers may shed light on why pediatric liver
transplants are less successful when the livers ar...born Liver Donors As many as 500 children undergo liver
transplantation in the US each year. Data on pediatric liver
transplantation shows that the outcomes...
Other highlights in the Aug. 7 JNCI
...tes Taking vitamins and minerals did not reduce liver
cancer death rates in a study conducted by the Nat...n-mineral supplement combinations could effect the liver
cancer death rate in a Chinese population that was deficient in many vitamins and minerals. Study pa...
Forsyth scientists gain new understanding of adult stem cell regulation
...to specialize and to become part of an organ e.g.: liver
or skin. In recent years, planarians have been recognized as a great model system to molecularly dissect conserved stem cell regulatory mechanisms in vivo. Planarians have powerful regeneration capability that makes them ideal for studying this pro...
Molecule blocks gene, sheds light on liver cancer
...-suppressor gene contributes to the development of liver
cancer and other malignancies. The findings help explain how liver
cancer develops and may identify new drug targets for treating the disease. This particular microRNA...
JCI table of contents -- July 26, 2007
...g the walls of blood vessels is transported to the liver
for excretion via a process known as reverse chole...le.php?id=32057 PHYSIOLOGY Activation of liver
X receptorbeta lowers cholesterol and reverses atherosclerosis In animals and humans, the protein...
Scratch no more: Gene for itch sensation discovered
...em from a deeper problem such as kidney failure or liver
disease. It can be a serious side effect of cancer therapies or powerful painkillers like morphine. For some people, chronic itching can be very disruptive, interfering with sleep or giving rise to scratching that leads to scarring. Effective treatme...
Monell researchers find metabolic defect in liver that can lead to obesity
...duals. The defect involves decreased production of liver
enzymes needed to burn fat and may help to explain...ciated with a decrease in the capacity to make two liver
enzymes. One, CD36, is responsible for transferring fat fuels into liver
cells, while the second enz...
UB scientist discovers novel iron-copper alliance
... addressing the impact of increased enterocyte and liver
copper levels during iron-deficiency have not been reported in the scientific literature to date, so this investigation is novel....
New clue into how diet and exercise enhance longevity
...n one of the insulin receptor substrates, Irs2, in liver
and pancreatic beta cells, we thought more Irs2 would be good for you, said White. It reduces the amount of insulin needed in the body to control blood glucose, and it promotes growth, survival and insulin secretion from pancreatic beta cells. In ea...
JCI table of contents: July 19, 2007
...ce a normal insulin response from fat, muscle, and liver
cells. The result is an elevation in blood glucose...LOGY Keeping killer T cells under control in the liver
Natural killer (NK) T cells (of which type I and type II exist) are a small group of T cells in t...
Metabolic syndrome -- don't blame the belly fat
...esonance spectroscopy to measure the production of liver
and muscle triglyceride, the storage form of fat, ...n the meals and stored it away as glycogen in both liver
and muscle," said Shulman. In the insulin resistant subjects, the energy obtained from their carbo...
Cells take risks with their identities
...initiation. They worked with embryonic stem cells, liver
cells and white blood cells. We expected to find the landmark on 30 to 40 percent of the genes because thats how many are active in each cell, Guenther says. We were shocked when it showed up on more than 75 percent of the genes in both unspecializ...
Research team discovers gallstone gene
...lecular pump which transports cholesterol from the liver
into the bile ducts – cholesterol being the substa... transporting the blood lipid cholesterol from the liver
into the bile ducts." Most of the gallstones consist to a high degree of crystallised cholesterol. T...
Antibody retards growth and induces death in liver cancer cells
...in the search for an effective treatment for human liver
cancer in the July issue of Molecular Cancer Thera...ificant implications not only for the treatment of liver
cancer but for a number of different types of cancer. Most cases of HCC are secondary to either a ...
Modified herpes virus keeps arteries 'free-flowing' following procedures
...gnant tumors of the central nervous system and the liver
was blocking certain types of cell death and proliferation of surviving cells. They wanted to test this effect in arteries following angioplasty therapy. The researchers studied a rabbit model that replicates the restenosis or renarrowing after an...
Insulin sensitizer also serves as energy-conserving signal to the brain
A fat-derived protein known for its effects on the liver
and skeletal muscle might also serve as an energy-...ns. In addition to its peripheral actions on the liver
and skeletal muscle, adiponectin has also been reported to have central actions, Kadowaki said. Rece...
UF scientists work to develop simple bladder cancer test
...studies conducted elsewhere have already linked to liver
and ovarian cancer. The findings, available online, are scheduled to be published in the July 6 print edition of the American Chemical Societys Journal of Proteome Research. Developing a simple dipstick test that would better single out patients wh...
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