Tag: "most" at biology news
Diatom genome reveals key role in biosphere's carbon cycle
...microscopic ocean algae that are among the Earth's most
prolific carbon dioxide assimilators, has yielded important insights on how the creature uses nitrogen, fats, and silica to thrive. The diatom DNA sequencing project, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and conducted at the DOE Joint Geno...
Time running out for South Asian vultures, ecologists warn
...e - of these vulture declines, which are among the most
rapid ever recorded for any wild bird. Time is run...ms as the poisoned birds in their experiments. The most
recent population surveys in India, carried out by the Bombay Natural History Society in 2003, show ...
NIH awards new $14.5 million, five-year grant to the Scripps Research Institute
...ermine the technique used. Smaller proteins may be most
easily solved by NMR, larger proteins may require ...t happens inside the membrane -- where some of the most
important biological action is. The difficulty with solving membrane proteins starts with obtainin...
New therapy for specific form of leukemia
...cells occurs within a very short time. This is the most
common type of cancer in children under the age of 14 − striking children between two and three years of age, in particular. At present, an optimal treatment, with chemotherapy, cures over half of these children. ABL1 plays a prominent role in...
US researchers show cottonseed drug is cancer treatment booster
...ntraceptive and failed, only to become the world's most
successful breast cancer drug. Will gossypol follow in the footsteps of tamoxifen? "There is a lot of research still to do, but we certainly hope so," said Dr. Xu. "The natural form of gossypol has been extensively tested in humans and is well tolera...
National Science Foundation awards $2 million grant to UC Riverside
... already impacted by development." Allen says that most
of the nitrogen is the result of automobile emissions. Some of this is converted to nitrate or nitric acid, the form of nitrogen (known as N) that is used by plants as fertilizer. "California has been subject to weed invasions since the arrival of t...
Amgen investigational therapy, AMG 162, increased bone mineral density with twice yearly injection
... In this trial, AMG 162 was well tolerated. The most
common adverse event in any of the treatment group...ss and structural deterioration that causes bones, most
commonly of the hip, wrist and spine, to become brittle and susceptible to fracture. Approximately ...
Of lice and men
... says. The findings in lice are most
consistent with the diffusion wave hypothesis, which allows some interbreeding among various forms of early humans but also says the genes of early humans who left Africa came to dominate Homo sapiens, he adds. Lice Genes Confir...
Columbia University scientist wins 2004 Nobel Prize
...bject in 1991. The sense of smell has remained the most
enigmatic of the senses. The work of Drs. Axel an...lity of life." "Dr. Axel's work is among the most
important discoveries of the past 50 years, providing insights regarding how individuals perceive th...
A treatment, not a cure: Calcium silicate neutralizes an acidic stream
...ists, has made the 3,160-hectare forest one of the most
intensively studied watersheds in the world. "Years of monitoring have documented that Hubbard Brook receives high levels of acid precipitation from emissions largely originating at Midwestern utility plants, as a result many streams on the site are...
HHMI researchers Richard Axel and Linda Buck win 2004 Nobel Prize
...nders have been identified in this way. The team's most
surprising finding was that there are so many olfactory receptors. The 100 different genes the researchers identified first were just the tip of the iceberg. It now appears that there are between 500 and 1,000 separate receptor proteins on rat and mo...
Daphne Koller named MacArthur Fellow
...of the world with significant complexity. "So far, most
models have been fairly self-contained -- but the world does not work that way," Koller said. These models have already seen service in analyzing the yeast genome, where they helped sift through staggering amounts of gene-expression data to te...
Mayo Clinic awarded major NIH contract for smallpox genomics research
... a leader in applying the tools of Genomics to the most
pressing issues in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease," said Eric Wieben, Ph.D., Director of the Mayo Genomics Research Center. The center is responsible for developing the AGTC. The smallpox vaccine investigation is to begin imme...
Head lice reveal contact between modern and ancient humans
...neage remained isolated from the worldwide one for most
of the past 1.18 million years. It is unlikely, the authors argue, that two ancient louse lineages could embark on such different evolutionary histories on the back (or head) of a single host. More likely, the New World louse evolved on an archaic fo...
Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Oct. 5, 2004
...een 1963 and 2001 (Review, p. 547). Of 123 deaths, most
(105 people, 85.4 percent) were considered prevent...r gallstone disease finds that the men who ate the most
unsaturated fats were 18 percent less likely to develop gallstones than the men who ate the least un...
Running not swimming or biking is best kind of loading exercise for childrens bone growth
...h exercise builds bone strength and this effect is most
pronounced during skeletal growth and development,...s opposed to swimming or biking. Growing bones are most
responsive to the strengthening effects of running/jumping, which have the additional benefit that t...
NIH funds first nationaL SNP genotyping center at Broad Institute
...rited differences in each individual's genes. The most
common type of variation in the human genome is the single nucleotide polymorphism, or SNP (pronounced "snip"). A SNP is a single DNA base pair, or unit of DNA, the sequence of which can vary from individual to individual. It is estimated that ther...
Putting physiology into the Nobel Prize: 2004 marks 100th anniversary of Pavlov's award
...alth sciences, of which physiology is arguably the most
inclusive. [A comprehensive review article on smel...bel Prizes in 1901, Ivan Pavlov still the world's most
famous physiologist won the award "for physiology," making the 2004 award the 100th anniversary of ...
Protein energy profiles offer clues about amyloids
...the basic processes of protein folding, one of the most
complicated and least understood of all biological...s like cancer and heart disease. "We know now that most
diseases involve proteins going wrong in one of two ways," said lead researcher Cecilia Clementi, as...
New biosensor rapidly detects deadly foodborne pathogen
...nd individuals with compromised immune systems are most
at risk of contracting the disease. The bact.... monocytogenes at low levels is essential because most
of the foods susceptible to Listeria contamination are ready-to-eat products, which are cooked or ot...
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