Tag: "abdominal" at biology news
Census of Marine Life historians detail collapse of bluefin tuna population off northern Europe
...epth, water temperature, light level and the tunas abdominal
temperature), the researchers correlated the breeding behaviours revealed by the tags with a suite of variables at those locations, including sea surface temperature, current and wind speed, topography of the ocean floor, eddies, and surface chloroph...
Study points to new way to predict death risk from torn aorta
...ed the dynamics of endoleaks in a similar model of abdominal
aortic aneurysms treated with stent grafts -- and that this research and work by other researchers around the world lends further weight to the model proposed from the new data. Still, he says, only prospective research and other validation efforts w...
JCI table of contents: July 19, 2007
...efect in muscle PKC-lambda, is sufficient to cause abdominal
obesity and other abnormalities characteristic of the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. TITLE: Muscle-specific knockout of PCK-lambda impairs glucose transport and induces metabolic and diabetic sydnromes AUTHOR CONTACT: Robert V. Farese ...
Metabolic syndrome -- don't blame the belly fat
... insulin resistant individuals, was independent of abdominal
obesity and circulating plasma adipocytokines, suggesting that these abnormalities develop later in the development of the metabolic syndrome." The new findings promise to help untangle the early molecular events of a syndrome at the root of one of...
New blood test might offer early warning of deep belly fat
...est indicator yet of the amount of fat surrounding abdominal
organs, according to a new study of lean and obese individuals reported in the July issue of Cell Metabolism, a publication of Cell Press. The buildup of such visceral fat is of particular health concern as it has been linked to insulin resistance, t...
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine researchers develop 'off-the-shelf' vascular grafts
...days, the investigators then implanted them in the abdominal
aortas of rats eight weeks before performing tests to determine how well the grafts had performed. The cell-seeded constructs showed a significantly higher blockage-free rate than unseeded controls (55 percent versus 0 percent). In addition, at eight...
PET/CT should be 'first-step' test for patients with Crohn's disease
...svarying in nature, frequency and intensityinclude abdominal
pain, diarrhea and worsening general physical condition. Estimates indicate that up to 2 million people in this country could be affected by Crohn's and related diseases. IBD most commonly begins during adolescence and early adulthood. "The clini...
Leading the fight against food poisoning
...is typically characterised by severe diarrhoea and abdominal
pain, stomach cramps, fever and vomiting. Undercooked meat, particularly poultry, is often associated with the illness, and it is impossible to tell from its appearance whether it is contaminated as it looks, tastes and smells normal. GangaGen is ...
A close-up on pancreatic disease: How do we improve the odds?
...h malignancy displayed symptoms (28/31, 96%), with abdominal
pain being the most common symptom (55%), followed...us in CP, the team randomized patients with CP and abdominal
pain to receive either placebo (n=56) or antioxidants (n=71) (600�g selenium, 0.54g vitamin C, 9000I...
Studies assess effectiveness of serotonin and nerve stimulants on irritable bowel syndromes
...ining decreased from 4.4 to 2.9 episodes per week, abdominal
pain decreased from 4.4 to 2.0 days per week, and ...is rarely life-threatening, associated symptoms of abdominal
pain, bloating and the sensation of incomplete evacuation can severely affect the physical and emoti...
Cherries may help reduce metabolic syndrome and heart disease risk factors
... People with metabolic syndrome characterized by abdominal
obesity (or belly fat), high triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol levels, high blood pressure and high blood sugar levels are at greater risk for cardiovascular disease, which remains the nation's top killer. Previous studies have shown that the com...
Breathing easy: When it comes to oxygen, a bug's life is full of it
...lly have a pair of spiracles for each thoracic and abdominal
segment. The same tubes that transport oxygen in...n oxygen while exhaling carbon dioxide through the abdominal
spiracles. Insects also use different mechanisms to pump the oxygen to the tissues. This system is...
Susceptibility to Crohn's disease -- an important new clue
...le in the developed world. Common symptoms include abdominal
pain and diarrhea, but the disorder is often associated with debilitating clinical complications. Researchers from the University of Lige, Belgium, have now uncovered an important clue to the susceptibility of individuals to this disease. In a geno...
Research team identifies additional genetic risk factors for Crohn's disease
...ohn's usually affects the small intestine, causing abdominal
pain and chronic diarrhea. Serious symptoms can include ulceration, bleeding, the development of fistulas openings from affected areas into other organs or intestinal blockage. About half a million people in the U.S.are affected by Crohn's, and a...
Leanest teens are biggest energy users and consumers
...ceral adiposity, found in and around organs in the abdominal
cavity, is closely linked to general obesity but is considered the worst fat because it is more metabolically active, ramping up pro-inflammatory markers and dramatically increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, Ms. Stallman...
Natural polyester makes new sutures stronger, safer
...he envisions that the new sutures will be used for abdominal
closures, which are prone to re-opening, and to stitch tendons and ligaments. Developed using a method created at MIT, the absorbable sutures are the first made from material produced by genetically modified bacteria. About 20 years ago, research...
Phthalates now linked to fat, related health risks
...problems and now, for the first time, is linked to abdominal
obesity and insulin resistance in adult males, acc...ate metabolites showed a positive correlation with abdominal
obesity. Indeed, men with the highest levels of phthalates in their urine had more belly fat and ins...
Breakthrough vaccine to treat chemo-resistant ovarian cancer
...ined with chemotherapy delivered directly into the abdominal
cavity. Ovarian cancer, one of the hardest cancers to detect in the early stages, is a very complex disease that is often resistant to chemotherapy. Cancer Treatment Centers of America will offer this new treatment to patients whose cancer has re...
Joslin study reveals how a specific fat type can protect against weight gain and diabetes
...ome, a group of conditions including hypertension, abdominal
obesity, high triglycerides and glucose intoleranc... as visceral fat one of the most harmful forms of abdominal
fat. Brown fat, on the other hand, contains small lipid droplets tucked behind tiny energy factories...
Magic beans -- Anti-obesity soya could help prevent diabetes
...nt of insulin action, mainly as a result of excess abdominal
adipose tissue - so loss of weight often improves glycaemic control, says Dr Bender. Lynne Garton, a registered dietician and nutritionist and consultant to the Soya Protein Association, said: "Soy fits in well to a healthy balanced diet which is i...
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