Tag: "abuse" at biology news

High-tech research shows cocaine changes proteins and brain function

...inated involvement of multiple proteins in cocaine abuse provides insight into the molecular basis of the disease and offers new targets for pharmaco-therapeutic intervention for drug-abuse-related disorders, he said. "These studies are an important and significant step to further our understanding of the ...

Genetic mutation explains form of brittle bone disease

...easily, are sometimes mistaken as victims of child abuse particularly those who do not carry the genetic m... have important diagnostic implications. "In child abuse cases, a frequent question is whether the children have brittle bone disease that would cause freque...

New data hint at oncoming cocaine epidemic

...roke over time - can unexpectedly kill years after abuse begins, Gold said. "Cocaine gives them a feeling of incredible mastery, that they are immune to the laws of nature," said Gold, who is affiliated with UF's McKnight Brain Institute. "But it causes consequences. You can't say you are out of the risk...

Prescription pain medication abuse on surprising increase, with unexpected geographic distribution

...al Center found prescription pain medication (PPM) abuse is a rapidly growing problem with surprising and o...lth for 2002-04 to estimate the prevalence of drug abuse across the United States for various illicit and prescription substances. Moric found that PPM abu...

A valuable fly for research into disease

...f California's Ulrike Heberlein, a pioneer in drug abuse research using Drosophila. Her research group focu...e links between genes and behaviour caused by drug abuse and the mechanisms that regulate responses to psychostimulants such as alcohol, cocaine and nicotine...

ACS News Service Weekly PressPac -- Sept. 20, 2006

...onoxide New medications are battling substance abuse and addiction Resources for Journalists: Pres.... 25, 2006 New medications are battling substance abuse and addiction Chemical & Engineering News The number of medications for treating addictions - one ...

Heavy drinking can hasten the progression of the simian immunodeficiency virus disease

Alcohol abuse can impair a person's immune system. Alcohol abuse is also very common among individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). New findings...

University, VA hospital launch nation's first comprehensive meth research center

...derally funded center for studying methamphetamine abuse from its genetic underpinnings to its prevention t...Meth addiction is the world's most persistent drug abuse problem. Globally, more people use meth than use cocaine and heroin combined. In the United States, ...

Developing radiotracers for imaging studies in addiction

...n a better understanding of how different drugs of abuse disrupt brain function and how we may be able to treat addiction," said Fowler. "This is an area that benefits enormously from creative synthetic chemistry. It is also an area that desperately needs new talent to develop the scientific tools needed t...

Study offers clues to brain's protective mechanisms against alcoholism

...le with drinking disorders because chronic alcohol abuse reduces the number of dopamine receptors, making comparisons difficult. Participants were scanned with positron emission tomography (PET) and were given two radioactive tracers to assess their dopamine D2 receptor levels and brain glucose -- a marker...

NIH unprecedented genetic study may help identify people most at risk for alcoholism

...ity." "We know that vulnerabilities to substance abuse involve complex traits with strong genetic influences," adds Dr. Volkow. "Finding ways to identify who is most physiologically vulnerable to addiction will be a tremendous step towards more effective prevention and treatment approaches." The term ...

The more alcoholic relatives a person has, the more they need to drink to feel alcohol's effects

...gnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders abuse and dependence items, and the presence or absence of an alcohol-use disorder. "We found that first, both FH and low LR to alcohol relate to a variety of alcoholic outcomes," said Schuckit. "Second, they relate to these alcoholic outcomes even when...

Science and security in the 21st century

...hers in the life sciences to prevent the nefarious abuse of biological and medical knowledge. In her article in the special issue of EMBO reports on Science & Security, Filippa Corneliussen investigates the effect of such codes for research using recombinant DNA and comes to the conclusion that codes of co...

Illicit drug use and abuse may be genetic

...er. "Prior twin studies of illicit drug use and abuse have all been conducted in Anglophonic countries, ... drug use - yet results are similar - drug use and abuse or dependence is quite heritable," said lead author Kenneth S. Kendler, M.D., a professor of psychia...

NIH Celebrates a Decade of Discovery in Behavioral and Social Sciences Research

...translated into interventions in addictions, child abuse and neglect, HIV/AIDS, and stress reduction. "Behavioral and social science stands at a crossroads, bridging biology and the environment, linking basic and applied science, and informing national policy," said OBSSR Director David Abrams, Ph.D. "Crit...

Satellite images obtained by AAAS program provide strong evidence of Zimbabwe repression

...ctor of Amnesty International USA. Perpetrators of abuse can no longer avoid culpability by simply denying access to watchdog organizations. With satellite projects like this one we are gaining the ability to detect, publicize and even prevent future human rights abuses from occurring in Zimbabwe and arou...

Low-to-moderate prenatal alcohol exposure lowers IQ at age 10

...ment Project, an examination of prenatal substance abuse in women who attended a prenatal clinic from 1983 to 1985 in which women were assessed during each trimester of pregnancy, and again with their children at birth, eight months, 18 months, and at three, six, 10, 14, 16, and 21 years of age. At 10 year...

Alcohol abuse increases the risk of suffering from pneumonia

... order to include patients in the group of alcohol abuse was of 80 g in man and 60 g in women, the equivalent of 2 or 3 beers and 3 or 4 cups of wine. Results are especially relevant since alcohol is the more abused drug in Spain, and causes a total of 12,000 deaths every year. In addition, pneumonia is a ...

Children's Hospital Boston presents at the 2006 Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting

...e participants (51% vs. 17%), and higher substance abuse screening test scores. [3155.8] The Effect of Requiring Parental Consent in Adolescent Substance Use Research Platform Session: Underserved Populations I (8:00 AM - 10:00 AM) Room 2009 - Moscone West WHO SAYS YOUR CHILD NEEDS GROWTH HORMONE? Embarg...

Both alcoholism and chronic smoking can damage the brain's prefrontal cortex

...anges to gene expression caused by consumption and abuse of alcohol and nicotine. "Some of these changes manifest in alterations to the most important and elemental system we have: the neurotransmitters of the brain which relay messages and information to every part of our brain and body," she said. "Cha...

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(Date:11/7/2014)... -- Leading Biometric companies aim to provide consumers ... transactions.  Companies in focus today are: NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... ), Google Inc. (NASDAQ: GOOG ), Microsoft Corporation ... EBAY ) and MasterCard Inc. (NYSE: MA) NXT-ID, ... authentication company focused on the growing mobile commerce is pleased ...
(Date:11/5/2014)... Santamaria, associate professor of biology in the UTSA ... in the nation selected to receive a two-year ... for Exploratory Research (EAGER). The funding supports President ... researchers to create new technology that will demystify ... complex behaviors in neuroscience are broken into the ...
(Date:11/4/2014)... School of Medicine announced today that it is ... by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. ... and Reproductive Sciences; and Vice Chair of Research ... Medicine will pursue an innovative global health and ... Assess Fetal Neurodevelopment.", Grand Challenges Explorations (GCE) funds ...
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