Tag: "abuse" at biology news
Russian 'surrogate' alcohols are a killer
... with historical lessons which show that substance abuse
is often widespread during periods of rapid transition, such as the industrial revolution." Shkolnikov concurs. "When thinking about the Russian health crisis, one should not overlook certain societal forces operating in the post-Soviet era," he sai...
JCI table of contents October 3, 2005
...al substrate that interacts with alcohol to create abuse
potential. In a related commentary, Gary Wand writes, "these provocative data suggest that a CREB-depedent neuromechanism underlies high anxiety-like and excessive alcohol-drinking behavior." TITLE: Deficits in Amygdaloid cAMP Responsive-Element Bi...
Hitting the bottle with the genetic basis for alcoholism
...al substrate that interacts with alcohol to create abuse
potential. In a related commentary, Gary Wand writes, "these provocative data suggest that a CREB-depedent neuromechanism underlies high anxiety-like and excessive alcohol-drinking behavior."...
Alcoholics have a greater chance of infection following cardiac surgery
...or for the study. "The highest prevalence of this abuse
is detected in the third to fifth decade of life. We also know that surgical complications can increase with the daily intake of 60 grams, which is about three glasses of beer or wine." Alcohol is a drug, added Jan-Philipp Breuer, also a researcher ...
A new player in the battle against hepatitis prevents inflammation and the death of liver cells
...can have a wide variety of causes, such as alcohol abuse
or infection by a hepatitis virus. Hepatitis B and C, for example, are caused by a virus through contact with the blood or other bodily fluids of infected persons. In some cases, the person remains a carrier of the virus, and chronic hepatitis and ev...
National experts to gather for 'groundbreaking' alcohol, drug abuse, chemical intolerance meeting
CHAPEL HILL Top experts on drug and alcohol abuse
and chemical intolerance from around the United St...ogether formally. "Researchers in drug and alcohol abuse
will share their ideas with researchers in chemical intolerance, which includes such issues as 'sick...
International move to train more forensic medicine and science experts
...ters such as Tsunami, transport accidents and drug abuse
will be launched next week at an international For...stigate and report on cases of physical and sexual abuse
of children and on sudden unexpected death in infancy cases. Training in autopsy science will be run...
The body's biological clock: alcohol may lead to physiological anarchy
...e negative health consequences of maternal alcohol abuse
on the offspring's circadian neuroendocrine and immune system functions."...
Brain's opioid receptorsor endorphin systemmay hold key to treatment possibilities for bulimia
...r system and approaches to treatment for substance abuse
disorders may be helpful in treating bulimia. Frost and Guarda co-authored "Regional -Opioid Receptor Binding in Insular Cortex Is Decreased in Bulimia Nervosa and Correlates Inversely With Fasting Behavior" with Badreddine Bencherif, M.D., Hayden ...
Amphetamines reverse Parkinson's disease symptoms in mice
... relief by taking amphetamines, which are drugs of abuse
with many dangerous side effects. The findings rather indicate that drugs with similar chemical attributes might offer useful alternatives to current therapies, the researchers said. The new study also shows that amphetamines -- normally thought to a...
One hit of crystal meth causes birth defects: U of T study
...ve stimulant. "We've known for a while that meth abuse
during pregnancy is associated with low birth weight, cleft palates and other malformations but this is the first research demonstrating that even a single exposure can cause long-term damage," says Wells. "It's pretty remarkable that a single low do...
Deaths from volatile substance abuse drop in the UK
...lth, describes trends in death associated with the abuse
of gas fuels, aerosols, glues and other solvent ba...ne and sevoflurane. Of the nine volatile substance abuse
deaths in under-18 year olds in 2003, six were associated with butane cigarette lighter refills, the...
Prescription pain patch abuse blamed for increase in deaths
...f the College on Problems of Drug Dependence, show abuse
of the patch resulted in the death of 115 people i...earchers found. "We have seen an increased use and abuse
of the patch form of fentanyl for the past five years or so," Goldberger said. "This is a recent fin...
Maternal alcohol use increases the risk of newborn infections
is well known to increase the risk of infections i...dividuals in studies of alcohol effects." "Alcohol abuse
is well known to increase the risk of infections in adults," added Gauthier. "The major focus of th...
Gene controlling circadian rhythms linked to drug addiction, UT Southwestern researchers find
...isruption of circadian rhythms and the tendency to abuse
drugs. "Most work on Clock has focused on the brain's master pacemaker, located in a brain area called the suprachiasmatic nucleus," said Dr. Nestler. "The novelty of Dr. McClung's findings is the role Clock plays in brain reward pathways. The next ...
New finding in studying dopamine transporter
...rsons with a genetic variation linked to substance abuse
and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD...e any neurological or psychiatric disease, alcohol abuse
or substance abuse. The levels of dopamine transporter availability were measured using SPECT imagin...
Joslin hosts conference on diabetes in American Indian/Alaska Natives, May 16-19 in Denver
... high cholesterol, high blood pressure and tobacco abuse
must be addressed both in those with diabetes and others." "Cardiovascular disease is one of the most serious complications of diabetes," said Kelly Acton, M.D., M.P.H., F.A.C.P., Director of the IHS Division of Diabetes Treatment and Prevention. ...
The effects of prenatal cocaine exposure
is becoming increasingly prevalent among women of ...suggest that other adverse factors such as cocaine abuse
and hypoxia during gestation also cause fetal programming in utero, which has lasting and lifelong e...
Examining the serotonin transporter gene and family function
... adolescents. Delinquency, violence, and/or drug abuse
are known to be influenced by the way that psychosocial, situational, and hereditary factors interact. Only recently have researchers begun to examine the effects that specific genotypes and psychosocial factors may have on behavior. A study in the...
Alcohol 'binges' in rats during early brain development cause circadian rhythm problems
...me (FAS) can occur in the offspring of mothers who abuse
alcohol during pregnancy. Some of the deleterious effects of maternal alcohol use on the developing fetus include craniofacial alterations (e.g. a thin upper lip and a small nose) and defects in brain development. Animal studies examining the spectr...
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