Tag: "acute" at biology news
Developer of new method for treating bone defects wins WPI Entrepreneurship Award
...-of-the-art polymers are used to treat chronic and acute
pain, along with controlled release/drug delivery products. The company has received a Phase I SBIR grant from the National Institutes of Health, and has worked with Fortune 500 companies. "I cannot emphasize enough how important this award is to u...
Improving plants' abilities to cope with saline conditions
...es for dealing with soil salinization, which is an acute
problem for a wide range of crops in different regions of the world, including Israel. The problem is largely exasperated by intense agriculture and irrigation. Salinity drives the plant into water deficit and is accompanied by toxicity of sodium ...
Malaria and Epstein-Barr virus linked to pediatric cancer in Africa
...ns can lead to a direct reactivation of EBV during acute
malaria infection, increasing the risk of Burkitt lymphoma development for children living in malaria-endemic areas....
Largest synthetic gene ever built offers insights into anti-malarial drug resistance
...ible for about 1 million deaths out of 300 million acute
cases of infection each year. Most of these deaths occur in young children living in sub-Saharan Africa. Roepe and his collaborators at Georgetown University, in collaboration with investigators at the National Institutes of Health, described in 2...
Older men may not live as long if they have low testosterone
...sterone levels and death is not simply due to some acute
illness," said Laughlin. In the study, Laughlin and co-workers looked at death, no matter the cause, in nearly 800 men, ages 50 to 91 years, who were living in Rancho Bernardo, California. The participants have been members of the Rancho Bernardo ...
New treatment increases life time expectancy of patients suffering from advanced liver cancer
...he most affected patients are those suffering from acute
cirrhosis caused by hepatitis B/ C infections or by excessive alcohol consumption. Until now, patients suffering from liver cancer in an initial phase have benefited from procedures like resection, transplantation or ablation. Unfortunately, more t...
Cytomegalovirus exacerbates atherosclerosis through an autoimmune mechanism
... genetic influence. However, it is well known that acute
cardiovascular events may happen without the prese...en shown to play an important role in the onset of acute
cardiovascular events. The online, open-access PLoS ONE publishes a new study on the relationshi...
New mouse model closely mimics human cancers
...in the DNA. As a result, the mice developed T-cell acute
lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma, or T-ALL, and the cancer cells exhibited "rampant genome instability" leading to a complex pattern of mutations, chromosomal rearrangements, gene amplifications and gene deletions similar to those in human solid tumo...
JCI table of contents: May 24, 2007
... PHYSIOLOGY NF-kappaB activation is key to acute
pancreatitis Inflammation of the pancreas (panc... of proinflammatory molecules, is a major event in acute
pancreatitis. However, the consequences of this activation on the onset and progression of pancreati...
Herpes infection may be symbiotic, help beat back some bacteria
...sociated herpes virus. During an initial period of acute
infection, many of these viruses cause symptoms, s...tudies of how mouse herpes viruses transition from acute
to latent infections, Virgin made a discovery that piqued his interest in the possibility that laten...
Getting to the core of an emergent public health threat
The outbreak of severe acute
respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2002 was a loud wake-up call for researchers studying infectious diseases. SARS infected over 8,000 people, killed 10 percent of those infected, and weakened most with pneumonia. "The SARS outbreak was a strong remi...
Brain, size and gender surprises in latest fossil tying humans, apes and monkeys
...t like many primates, this species likely had very acute
vision," he said. "So the visual sense, which is regarded as a very important feature of anthropoids, or higher primates, had already expanded." The shape of the animal's eye sockets also suggests Aegyptopithecus was active in the daytime, like mod...
Inherited genes linked to toxicity of leukemia therapy
...ariations in certain genes that make children with acute
lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) susceptible to the toxic side effects caused by chemotherapy medications. The researchers showed that these variations, called polymorphisms, occur in specific genes known to influence pharmacodynamics (how drugs work in ...
Hepatitis E takes a piggyback
...V, which is found worldwide, can potentially cause acute
hepatitis in humans. So monitoring infection rates could help protect meat processors and vets. The disease can be transmitted by drinking water contaminated with faeces as well as by eating pork: uncooked wild boar liver is one Japanese delicacy tha...
Nitric oxide: Key to cardiovascular and pulmonary function and drug effectiveness
... such as beta adrenergic receptor agonists used in acute
heart failure or in inhalers for asthma, lose their effectiveness over time. Nitric oxide is a molecule produced by the body that controls many functions, including the contraction or dilation of blood vessels. New experiments conducted by Duke U...
Keeping the immune system from starting a 'food fight'
...tein enriched in fat cells, called STAMP2, develop acute
inflammation in deep pockets of visceral fat. The ...rrant inflammatory responses to both nutrients and acute
inflammatory stimuli, they reported. Similarly, they showed that the visceral fat surrounding the ...
Work with nanoparticles may lead to 'on-the-spot' virus detector
...could be detected," said Alexandridis. "During the acute
phase of an infection, the virus is at a very low concentration and relying on passive diffusion to deposit the viral particles onto the detection surface can be time-consuming." The researchers wanted to speed up the collection of viral particles --...
Study shows tight diabetes control does not impact cognitive ability in type 1 diabetes
...sions of the American Diabetes Association. "While acute
episodes of hypoglycemia can impair thinking and can even be life-threatening, type 1 diabetes patients do not have to worry that such episodes will impair their long-term abilities to perceive, reason and remember." "Hypoglycemia is a serious, ...
Scripps research team sheds light on long-sought cold sensation gene
...old plate. Cold temperature clearly reduced the acute
pain felt by control mice as shown by a reduction ...contrast, TRPM8-deficient mice did not receive any acute
pain relief from the cold plate suggesting that cold activation of TRPM8 can mediate some of the ana...
New treatments have major impact on heart failure rates
...atients are in hospital, which must be down to the acute
treatments given after admission. We have taken into account risk factors and the improved outcomes are not because patients are less unwell when they arrive at hospital. Our study supports the fact that hospitals are using new treatments effective...
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