Tag: "airborne" at biology news
Environmental exposures before and after birth can harm children's lungs
...archers measured each woman's prenatal exposure to airborne
polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) through personal air monitors and questionnaires, and distributed additional periodic questionnaires to monitor the children's respiratory health. Study results show that children exposed prenatally to PAHs an...
Safety and immunogenicity data available for new pertussis booster vaccine candidate for adolescents
...s spasms of severe coughing. It is spread through airborne
droplets of an infected person's cough or sneeze. The first symptoms of pertussis are similar to the "common cold" with a mild fever, runny nose and a cough. Symptoms generally progress to more severe coughing episodes, often with a high-pitched "...
International marine survey of coral death
...ral species? How do pathogens reach the corals? In airborne
dust containing spores, for example, of the Aspergillus fungus? Or in the marine worms, snails and fish that frequent coral reefs? What is reducing corals' natural resistance to disease? How do environmental stresses, such as increases in water tem...
Oral saline spray may slash spread of exhaled pathogens
...the spread of bacteria and viruses responsible for airborne
infectious diseases such as influenza, tuberculosi...ets of fluid exhaled from the lungs that may carry airborne
pathogens," says lead author David A. Edwards, Gordon McKay Professor of the Practice of Biomedical ...
Multidrug-resitant bacteria found to be airborne in concentrated swine operation
...fficiency - not to treat actual swine disease. The airborne
bacteria samples that were found to be multidrug-r...animal feeding operations are at greatest risk for airborne
exposure to antibiotic-resistant bacteria. However, the same workers may also become reservoirs of d...
Carbon sink or carbon source? Aerosols play role in shifts
...from automobile emissions and factories, and other airborne
particles in the atmosphere has a significant imp...searchers discovered that changes in the levels of airborne
aerosols resulted in changes to the terrestrial carbon cycle, or the cycle in which CO2 is absorbed ...
Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology
...searchers. "This genetic similarity suggests that airborne
spores of C. botulinum in an infant's surroundings may cause infant botulism and, as in this case, also result in the fulminant form of the illness that resembles SIDS." (M. Nevas, M. Lindstrom, A. Virtanen, S. Hielm, M. Kuusi, S.S. Arnon, E. Vuori, ...
Spectroscopy for the real world
... a better understanding of the role played by tiny airborne
salt particles, emitted into the air by crashing waves and sea spray, in a slew of atmospheric and environmental processes, such as the destruction of the ozone layer. "This is important because many atmospheric phenomena are driven by reactions with...
Experimental radar provides 3-D forest view
...ng sea ice from open water. The new generation of airborne
radar sensors go one better than ASAR because they...ing tropical forests in Costa Rica with the AIRSAR airborne
instrument, similarly with multi-polarisation C-, L- and P-band wavelengths. Putting Pol-InSAR in...
Researching airborne metals in transit workers' bodies
...the potential for health effects from exposures to airborne
metals." The authors are researchers from the Lamo...um that the students breathed. The levels of these airborne
metals in the subway air were more than 100 times higher than outdoor or other indoor air in New Yor...
Fungus-friendly scientists meet in Tucson
...gi. For example, one of the most potent and common airborne
allergens is a fungus called Alternaria, said Barry Pryor, an assistant professor of plant pathology and the local host for the meeting. "We all breathe in Alternaria. But some of us sensitize to this fungus -- and we don't know exactly why." Pryor i...
Finding hidden invaders in a Hawaiian rain forest
...atory are flying an upgraded version of the AVIRIS airborne
spectrometer on a more nimble Twin Otter turboprop aircraft, not only to find invasive species, but to develop the next generation of ecosystem monitoring capabilities. On Kilauea Volcano, the native Metrosideros tree typically has a low concentratio...
Using molecular technique, researcher identify hospital pool bacterial pathogen
...nies of species, but this approach misses too many airborne
bacteria, which are difficult to grow in a laboratory environment. The approach he and his collaborators took enabled them to survey greater than 1,300 rRNA genes from the different bacteria and fungi found in the air and pool water, giving them a to...
New lab technique identifies high levels of pathogens in therapy pool
...nique has identified a surprisingly high number of airborne
pathogens in a Midwest therapy pool, pointing to t...l surface and were dispersed as the bubbles became airborne
and burst. The hydrogen peroxide also eliminated microbes competing with "Mycobacterium avium," the...
Research breakthrough in the understanding of the spread of cholera
...ups in freshwater; and also the potential of these airborne
adult midges to serve as vectors of the disease. ...g masses within the water, be found and survive on airborne
non-biting midge adults? To test this theory, first they used killed adults that had been caught in...
Talking robots, green buildings, and shockwave healing
...stations in the Pacific and Indian Oceans recorded airborne
sound produced during the December 26, 2004 Sumatr...by the Telemike (4aAB7). Drawing inspiration from airborne
sonar systems such as those possessed by bats, Iftekhar Alam and Ashok Ghatol of the Pune Institute ...
Workers exposed to Libby Vermiculite Ore have high rate of chest wall abnormalities
...n high levels of asbestos, which could have become airborne
and inhaled when used in manufacturing. Vermiculite is widely used in a variety of applications, including insulation, packing materials, construction materials and gardening products. The Libby mine closed in 1990 and vermiculite ore used now comes ...
Scientists journey to southern Africa to unravel the secret world of elephant communication
...n the ground--potentially three times farther than airborne
calls. A year later, after earning a doctorate at UC-Davis, O'Connell-Rodwell moved to Stanford, where she designed a series of studies to test the model. In 2003, while working in the laboratory of Stanford geophysics Professor Simon Klemperer, she ...
Water quality a major focus of $14 million grant to the University of Arizona
...ect of the program will investigate ways to reduce airborne
contamination from abandoned mine tailings. Nine research projects will focus on two major types of contaminants: arsenic, a naturally occurring contaminant in surface and ground waters throughout the West, and halogenated organic solvents such as TC...
Device traps, disables harmful bacteria
... of Colorado at Boulder has removed bioaerosols -- airborne
biological particulate matter -- from the air of a...rations of total bacteria, culturable bacteria and airborne
endotoxin -- a poison present in gram-negative bacterial cell walls that can cause severe inflammato...
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