Tag: "alcohol" at biology news
Heavy drinking can hasten the progression of the simian immunodeficiency virus disease
...hat HIV-infected people are more likely to consume alcohol
than the general population," said Gregory J. Bagb...nt of its HIV-infected participants reported heavy alcohol
use." Bagby said that the protracted nature of HIV disease, along with the complex behaviors of HI...
ACS News Service Weekly PressPac -- Sept. 20, 2006
...e also discusses new products for opioid abuse and alcohol
dependence. Thayer notes that addictions once we...better understanding of the mechanisms of drug and alcohol
dependence is helping to further development and use of pharmacotherapies against additions" FOR FU...
NIH funding renewed for VA study of alcohol and HIV/AIDS interactions
...oholism (NIAAA) to examine the impact of aging and alcohol
use among those with and without chronic HIV infec...quely poised to examine the independent effects of alcohol
use and abuse, aging, HIV infection, and HIV treatment as well as the interaction between these fact...
Study links receptor to stress-induced alcohol relapse
... only do they voluntarily consume large amounts of alcohol
they also display anxiety and depression-like trai..., by pressing a bar, they gained access to as much alcohol
as they cared to drink. Under these conditions, the alcohol-preferring rats consume more than twice...
DNA highly promising predictor for successful treatment of alcoholics
...ng urge to drink. That desire not only facilitates alcohol
addiction but also ensures that the habit is difficult to kick. There are two drugs that can suppress this longing for alcohol: naltrexone works via the reward system in the brain and acamprosate via the stress system. However, they do not work for e...
Animals resistant to drunken behavior offer clues to alcoholism's roots
... point the way toward the genetic underpinnings of alcohol
addiction, two separate research teams reported in...ave shown that people with a greater tolerance for alcohol
have a greater risk of becoming alcoholics, according to the researchers. In one study, researcher...
Fruit fly study identifies gene mutation that regulates sensitivity to alcohol
...a) exposed to alcohol. Ordinarily, at low doses of alcohol
fruit flies increase their activity, while high do...found some fruit flies were much more resistant to alcohol
sedation. These flies continued to move about much longer than typical fruit flies exposed to the sa...
Children's Hospital Boston presents at the 2006 American Academy of Pediatrics National Conference
...teens get drug testing at school?Although drug and alcohol
use is acknowledged to be a serious health problem, and the U.S. Supreme Court has declared it legal to require drug testing in students involved in sports and other extracurricular activities. Dr. Knight argues that questionnaires or interviews with...
'Drunk' fruit flies could shed light on genetic basis of human alcohol abuse
...just like humans, when exposed to large amounts of alcohol
and may in future help to explain why some people are genetically predisposed to alcohol
abuse. Humans and fruit flies respond to alcohol
in a very similar way at the gene level, according ...
The glutamate decarboxylase 1 gene may play a pivotal role in developing alcoholism
...evelopment of alcoholism as well as the outcome of alcohol
withdrawal. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is th...fects in GABA synthesis may push one to drink more alcohol
in order to treat abnormal physiology caused by low GABA Furthermore, individuals who release GABA...
Moderate drinking may boost memory, study suggests
...rain. Researchers found that moderate amounts of alcohol
amounts equivalent to a couple of drinks a day fo... is some evidence suggesting that mild to moderate alcohol
consumption can protect against diseases like Alzheimer's in humans," said During. "But it's not app...
ACS News Service Weekly PressPac -- Oct. 25, 2006
In This Edition: New evidence on why alcohol
consumption is a risk factor for cancer Sheddi...CLE #1 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE New evidence on why alcohol
consumption is a risk factor for cancer Chemical Research in Toxicology Why is alcohol
A potential biological cause for sudden infant death syndrome
...nd that prenatal insults like maternal smoking and alcohol
use may adversely affect development of the brainstem serotonin system during this time. More research is needed to explain what causes the abnormalities and how they can be prevented. The findings also provide a biological explanation for why S...
Study finds periodontal treatment does not lower preterm birth risk
...moking, low-income status, hypertension, diabetes, alcohol
use, and genitourinary tract infections. However, the list remains incomplete. As many as half of all preterm births occur without any clear explanation, and that has left scientists searching for additional susceptibility factors to help more m...
Researchers writing story of the 'alcoholic lung'
FORT LAUDERDALE, FL (Nov. 3, 2006) _ Chronic alcohol
abuse disrupts the proteins that keep fluids out o...tory distress syndrome (ARDS). The study "Chronic alcohol
ingestion renders the lung epithelium susceptible to acute injury by alteration in granulocyte-macro...
Developing uses for sugar-cane bagasse: Biotechnology applied to the paper industry
...f ethanol per m3 (concentration equivalent to 3 of alcohol
in the liquid phase), laccase production increased, to a maximum level (90 U per g of dry bagasse support). This amounts to 45 times the yield obtained without ethanol. Moreover, it appeared that little or no ethanol introduced was consumed by the fu...
Exercise, aspirin consumption and childbirth may alter cancer risk
...rcinoma in the multiethnic cohort study Moderate alcohol
consumption may lower the risk of renal cell carci..., and decrease with physical activity and moderate alcohol
consumption. Wendy Setiawan, Ph.D., assistant professor of preventive medicine at USC, and her co...
Spike in testicular cancer is focus
...ne lifetime occupational history, tobacco smoking, alcohol
consumption and dietary information. Recent studies show that environmental exposures may affect development of testicular cancer, said Zheng. Determining risk factors that lead to testicular cancer, however is complicated because genetic susceptibi...
Prenatal alcohol exposure appears to increase an infant's stress response
Little is known about the effects of prenatal alcohol
exposure (PAE) on stress systems in infants. New ... Although animal studies have shown that prenatal alcohol
exposure (PAE) is linked to changes in stress-response systems, little is known about the effects of...
Alcohol and health: Those 2 glasses a day that lengthen your life
...he beneficial effects that moderate consumption of alcohol
has on our health. But this time it is not just ca...ata concerning over a million of people, for which alcohol
drinking habits were associated with all-cause mortality. The conclusions researchers from the Cat...
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