Tag: "alcohol" at biology news
Moderate drinking may help older women live longer
...he American Geriatrics Society finds that moderate alcohol
intake (1-2 drinks/day for 3-6 days/week, dependin... The results of this study indicate that moderate alcohol
intake in keeping with current guidelines may carry some health benefits for older women, says Dr. J...
ACS News Service Weekly PressPac -- Dec. 13, 2006
...nology. Photocatalytic oxidation changed airborne alcohol
from the wipes into unacceptably high levels of acetaldehyde in cabin air. Alcohol also can get into cabin air from other hygienic products, alcoholic beverages, cosmetics and medicines, the researchers note. ARTICLE #3 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE "PTR-...
Other highlights in the January 3 JNCI
...the increase in breast cancer risk associated with alcohol
consumption can be reduced by adequate folate inta...he increased risk of breast cancer associated with alcohol
consumption," the authors write. "Large prospective studies that investigate interactions between fo...
The G allele of the mu-opioid receptor gene is linked to craving for alcohol
...u-opioid receptor gene have greater cravings after alcohol
exposure than heavy drinkers homozygous for the A ... drink. The study of genes and their influence on alcohol
consumption can operate on many different levels. Some studies examine how genes may interact with ...
Reduced frontal-lobe activity and impulsivity may be linked to alcoholism risk
...cteristic of many psychiatric disorders, including alcohol
dependence. Recent studies suggest that increased...any externalizing disorders, not just specifically alcohol
dependence." Porjesz noted that impulsivity as a behavioral process is essential for normal and soc...
West Australian women: Drinking before, and during, pregnancy
...t Australian women, 79.8 percent reported drinking alcohol
in the three months before becoming pregnant. Nea...nancy was unplanned. More than half (58.7%) drank alcohol
during pregnancy despite recommendations of abstinence. Complications due to drinking during pregn...
Smokers quit after damage to brain region
...henomenon could be "generalizable" with respect to alcohol
abuse, overeating and other addictions. The discovery of the insula's role in addiction opens new directions for therapies, Bechara said, including possible drugs targeted to a region that "no one paid attention to." "There is a lot of potential fo...
A form of the alcohol dehydrogenase gene may protect Afro-Trinidadians from developing alcoholism
...nase (ADH) is one of the major enzymes involved in alcohol
metabolism. New findings indicate that the ADH1B...nase (ADH) is one of the major enzymes involved in alcohol
metabolism. The genes for ADH are polymorphic at two loci, ADH1B and ADH1C . While the three al...
Both genetics and dopaminergic neurotransmission have a role in delirium tremens
...risk of developing delirium tremens (DT) following alcohol
withdrawal. DT is characterized by a clouding of ... develop one to four days after the onset of acute alcohol
withdrawal in persons who have been drinking excessively for years," said Barbara C. van Munster, a ...
Eye movement tasks can be used to assess fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
spectrum disorders (FASD) refers to a wide array o...developmental outcomes in children due to prenatal alcohol
exposure. FASD is more widespread than Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, which is more severe, but FASD is ha...
Experimental Biology 2007: Today's Research, Tomorrow's Health, April 28-May 2
...e developmental periods, and, when used along with alcohol
by a woman during pregnancy, alters drug responsiveness in offspring; an examination of why children, adolescents and adults respond differently to antidepressants; studies of how perinatal stress, such as maternal separation, affects drug response ...
Genes and genius: Researchers confirm association between gene and intelligence
...lti-center study, people who have been treated for alcohol
dependence and members of their families provide D...o researchers, who isolated DNA regions related to alcohol
abuse and dependence, as well as a variety of other outcomes. Some of the participants in the stud...
News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
... Roberto Ciccocioppo, and Markus Heilig Treating alcohol
withdrawal is no fun for patient or caregiver, as ...he corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRF) system in alcohol
dependence and withdrawal. CRF antagonists block the anxiogenic effects of alcohol
withdrawal, but t...
Study advances evidence for receptor's role in alcohol pleasure and problems
...tens the stimulating effects of early exposures to alcohol
and increases alcohol
consumption, according to a new study by researchers at the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and ...
Other highlights in the March 7 JNCI
..." the authors write. "Decreasing weight, increased alcohol
intake, or changes in diet or medication may contribute to increasing breast density, and their possible effects on changes in breast density over time warrant further study." Contact: Steve Tokar, Communications Manager, Northern California Instit...
Potential genetic testing for substance abuse raises hope, concern
...asis for engaging in behaviors such as smoking and alcohol
or marijuana use," Philibert said. "What matter...l risk in identifying people who might be prone to alcohol
abuse or smoking and how insurance companies, for example, might use that information," said Tracy G...
New compound prevents alcoholic behavior, relapse in animals by blocking stress response
...oteins that bind CRF and make it activein treating alcohol
dependence in animals. CRF levels in the brain ris...tive in the long term in animals with a history of alcohol
dependence, increasing the risk for relapse. Heilig and his team showed that MTIP blocked the act...
Cholesterol could be key to treating fetal alcohol syndrome
DURHAM, N.C. -- Small amounts of alcohol
can interfere with the growth of a fetus, but adde...de array of neurological and physical defects from alcohol
exposure, according to a new study in laboratory fish. Cholesterol is so important to fetal devel...
Prefrontal cortex loses neurons during adolescence
... depression, often first occur in adolescence. And alcohol
and nicotine addictions that start in adolescence are harder to overcome than those that begin in adulthood, Juraska said. "We know that experiences are very potent in younger children because their brains are developing," Juraska said. "So if ther...
Pioneering researcher Dr. Kenneth Lyons Jones receives genetics award from March of Dimes
...er who was one of two doctors who identified fetal alcohol
syndrome (FAS), will receive the 2007 March of Dim...w is his coining of the term fetal alcohol
syndrome, along with David W. Smith, M.D., to define the distinct cluster of birth defects seen excl...
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