Tag: "algae" at biology news

Vaccine-producing 'plant-factories'

...es the first step in the development of plants and algae that accumulate in their chloroplasts large amounts of glycosylate recombinant proteins with significant antigenic power. By chance The new route discovered by the CSIC team refutes one of the dogmas regarding this type of protein. Nevertheless...

Researchers to study why dead zone returned to Lake Erie

...most well known. The nitrogen in fertilizer causes algae blooms that sink to the bottom and are consumed by bacteria, which consumes oxygen. The second theory is that the zebra mussels may shunt the oxygen-consuming organic matter from the near shore to the bottom waters. In the third scenario, global wa...

Ohio University researchers discover evolutionary oddity in flamingos

...t out the sides. Fringed plates on the tongue trap algae and crustaceans in the circulating water. "The flamingos' feeding habits have captured people's curiosity for ages, but that wasn't the original focus of our research," said Casey Holliday, who recently earned a doctorate in biological sciences f...

Unique imaging uncovers the invisible world where surfaces meet

...ng with. She is using the technique to observe how algae digest carbon dioxide (and give off oxygen), something that has implications for controlling air pollution. In her work with algae, she studies the distribution of proteins, lipids and carbohydrates, molecules that play a major role in metabolizing ...

Early detection

...eady developed a rapid detection array for harmful algae species. Using innovative technologies, researchers seek to enhance the ability to rapidly detect and quantify multiple target HAB species and provide an early warning system for harmful algal blooms. CICEET awarded $3,650,337 so far this year to fu...

Algae provide new clues to cancer

...t the whole genetic module has been conserved from algae to plants to humans," says Umen. "It's been controlling cell division for well over a billion years. As multicellular organisms evolved, the RB pathway was co-opted to integrate growth factor signals, but its original purpose in single cells was more...

Texas researchers casting for answers to stop algae problem in Texas lakes

... opportunity to reel in a solution to stop a toxic algae that has killed millions of fish in the state's la...g for a breakthrough before winter when the golden algae typically blooms and kills perhaps hundreds of thousands of fish in one occurrence. "If you have r...

Hail to the hornworts: New plant family tree sheds light on evolution of life cycles

...at diverged from other land plants when charophyte algae first came onto land, and an obscure group called hornworts, often found in abandoned corn fields, represents the progenitors of the vascular plants. "Basically we captured a few major events that happened in the first few tens of millions of years ...

NASA satellite data helps assess the health of Florida's coral reef

...extent of bleaching -- corals turn white when tiny algae that live inside them die. Bleaching is a symptom of coral stress, which can be caused by high water temperatures, other environmental stresses, or disease. The project was part of the Florida Reef Resiliency Program, funded by the state of Florida a...

Unique gene regulation gives chilly bugs survival advantage at bottom of the world

...ts from penguin colonies, where the midges feed on algae and waste material. Penguins live along the Antarctic coast, where the average summertime temperature is around 36F (2C). In laboratory experiments, the researchers exposed the larvae and adults to 39.2F (4C) and to 68F (20C). They wanted to see if...

Better sludge through metagenomics

...ration of water quality characterized by excessive algae blooms. Accumulibacter play a vital role in wastewater management, accumulating massive amounts of phosphorus inside their cells. "Engineers and microbiologists have been trying for 35 years to grow this microbe, with no success," said Trina McMah...

A 'recent' embosymbiont -- a rare evolutionary example -- offers clues to how plants came to be

Plastids are the photosynthetic engines in all algae and plants, and their origin and spread among euka...giving birth to the plastid that has spread to all algae and plants. The ancient nature of this endosymbiosis makes it a daunting task to understand how the ...

Protein folding physics, nanohandles, sunscreen for algae and classical quantum weirdness

...to journalists on request) Physicists have added algae to the list of plants and animals that rely on pho...de of patterned calcium carbonate, showed that the algae are particularly good at scattering ultraviolet (UV) light. The team of Mexican and Spanish physicis...

DOE JGI, VBI describe disease mechanisms of sudden oak death, related soybean pathogens

...or water molds, they are relatives of such aquatic algae as diatoms and kelp. The pathogens survive as thick-walled spores that can persist in soil for years. Of the 59 recognized Phytophthora species, it was P. infestans that was responsible for the mid-19th century Irish potato famine....

NASA study solves ocean plant mystery

...d that nitrogen is the primary element missing for algae growth and photosynthesis in the northern portion ...out this effect of iron stress on the greenness of algae or phytoplankton before, we have always assumed that equally green waters were equally productive," ...

Water filtration technique removes dangerous freshwater algae toxins

... is also effective at removing a toxin secreted by algae found in lakes and rivers, an Ohio State Universit...he said. "Then there's a whole host of other toxic algae that secrete their own toxins. And we don't know if there are synergistic effects between the toxins...

Sydney harbor's seaweed a deadly diet for sea creatures

...s such as copper and zinc among the affected brown algae in Rushcutters Bay, near Darling Point, and in Mor...around Balmain. "Marine macroalgae such as brown algae are efficient 'accumulators' of heavy metals and appear to be relatively tolerant to their effects,"...

Discovery of metabolic pathway for parasite could lead to new controls for diseases

...lasts are the home of photosynthesis in plants and algae and are responsible for the green color of leaves. Apicoplasts have long puzzled scientists. What does a parasite living in the brain or blood of humans have to do with a structure associated with harvesting sunlight? It turns out that the chloroplas...

Caulerpa Taxifolia Eradication

...ue to be concerned about possible outbreaks of the algae in other coastal areas and stress that it is vitally important to continue surveillance efforts throughout California and other susceptible coastal waters to ensure that other infestation sites do not exist. Sustained public education is essential to...

Corals switch skeleton material as seawater changes

...ed by tens of thousands of marine animals, plants, algae and bacteria that make up the coral reef ecosystem, which is one of the planet's most diverse, Ries said. But coral reefs also serve a more practical purpose: They absorb wave energy generated by hurricanes and other severe tropical storms. "Ironic...

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(Date:10/14/2014)... (Oct. 14, 2014)—It,s been millions of years since ... team led by Ohio University scientists is breathing life ... airflow through dinosaur snouts. The research has important implications ... breathe but to enhance the sense of smell and ... animals," said Ohio University doctoral student Jason Bourke, lead ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... new kind of stem cell that can become either a ... according to a study published today in the journal ... type contradicts current theory on how organs arise from cell ... of, and future treatment for, liver cancer., Thanks to stem ... being made up of more than 200 cell types. The ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... MA – A team of scientists led by ... (UMMS) and the University of Miami Miller School ... a key genetic pathway underlying bipolar (manic depressive) ... drugs for treating bipolar affective disorder, as well ... The new findings, published online this week in ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain 2Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain 3Stem cell discovery challenges dogma on how fetus develops; holds insights for liver cancer and reg 2Stem cell discovery challenges dogma on how fetus develops; holds insights for liver cancer and reg 3Rare genetic disease protects against bipolar disorder 2Rare genetic disease protects against bipolar disorder 3
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