Tag: "applied" at biology news

Tufts Veterinary School scientists decode Cryptosporidium genome

... propagating this pathogen. In 2000, Tufts applied to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for funding to enable a consortium of researchers at Tufts, Virginia Commonwealth University and the University of Minnesota to simultaneously sequence the genomes of two Cryptosporidium pathogens infectious...

Trojan-horse therapy blocks buildup of Alzheimer's plaque

...also speculated that his group's approach could be applied widely to other clinically important protein-protein interactions, such as interfering with protein enzymes critical to replication of HIV. "HIV proteins are difficult drug targets because they can mutate rapidly to render small-molecule inhibitors i...

Economics and ecology combine at UGA in NSF-funded study of evolutionary game theory

...ing a final note that the solution technique being applied is the Nash equilibrium, the creation of Nobel Laureate John Nash, who was depicted in the movie, "A Beautiful Mind."...

Tiny paddle oscillator senses the mass of a virus

...eering, and Harold Craighead, Cornell professor of applied and engineering physics. The work was done with the assistance of Michael Shuler, Cornell professor of chemical and biological engineering, and microbiologist Gary Blissard of the Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research on the Cornell campus. At...

Scientists find acid rain an unlikely ally in the battle against a greenhouse gas

...rain, affected methane emissions in wetlands. They applied several quantities of sulfate, similar to the amou...l the field data with the NASA computer models and applied it to a global scale, it shows that the effect of acid rain from 1960 to 2030 actually reduces metha...

Powerful 'toolkit' developed for functional profiling of yeast genes

...ys. To test the new method, Pan and the team applied it to synthetic lethality experiments already tested by other methods. Their analysis, conducted with Forrest Spencer, Ph.D., an associate professor in the McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine at Johns Hopkins, revealed that the new techniq...

Norman D. Newell to receive Legendary Geoscientist Award

...rence on fossil bivalve mollusks. Additionally, he applied pioneering work on modern carbonate sediments to a seminal study of the west Texas Permian reef complex. Newell began his career in 1929 as an assistant geologist at the Kansas Geological Survey. He then moved to teaching as an assistant professor of...

NYU team develops enhanced algorithm for detecting changes in cancer genomes

...e National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), can also be applied to the multiple biomedical technologies (e.g., different kinds of micro-arrays) used to analyze cancer patients' genomes. Headed by NYU Professor Bud Mishra, the research team developed the algorithm to detect the genetic differences between normal c...

MIDI, Inc receives Official Methods(SM) status for the confirmatory ID of the anthrax pathogen

.... The Institute's mission is to conduct basic and applied research on biological threats resulting in medical solutions (such as vaccines, drugs and diagnostics) to protect the warfighter. USAMRIID is a subordinate laboratory of the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command. The information contained...

Molecular technique shows promise in destroying drug resistance in bacteria

...d plasmid replication. The apramycin treatment was applied to bacterial cultures that were grown for 250 generations. By the end of the experiment, the plasmids no longer were present, making it possible for antibiotics to work. "This is the first demonstration of a mechanistic-based approach to systematical...

UCSD discovery opens new avenues for design of anti-tumor medications

... work will be needed before their discovery can be applied to actually design new anti-tumor drugs. "Since the response of the blood vessels to low oxygen likely involves multiple genes and chemical signals, we still need to tease apart the steps involved in the response," says Johnson. "It will a...

Gene expression profiling aids in ovarian cancer prognosis

...the cancer cells are labeled with a probe and then applied to a glass slide that contains embedded sequences of thousands of known human genes this type of genetic information has become much more accessible," explains Cannistra. "[Through this process] genes that are present in the tumor cell bind to their...

Studies in Royal Society journals include stress in birds and depletion of medieval fish stocks

...es as a case study, a new analytical technique was applied to the problem. The results show that this phenomenon (called 'spatial density dependence') is probably far more common than previously thought. Contact: Dr Melodie McGeoch, Department of Conservation Ecology, University of Stellenbosch, PrivateX1, ...

Improved molecular switch could serve as sensor, medical tool

...itutes of Health. The Johns Hopkins University has applied for a patent covering the molecular switch and methods of producing it. ...

Study in Royal Society journal on possible genetic factors in social responsiblity

...ctors is derived as a function of the location for applied loadings, the crack length and material constants. Contact: Professor Ma, Mechanical Engineering, National Taiwan University, No 1 Roosevelt Road, Sec 4, Taipei, TAIWAN 10617, REPUBLIC OF CHINA Wave drag due to lift for transonic air...

Citrus shows promise for certain childhood cancer

... To test this, the researchers applied 1, 5, 10 and 50 micromolar amounts of limonoids to neuroblastoma cells, then put an apoptosis-blocking chemical on an identical comparison set. Neuroblastoma cells with the blocker did not die, indicating that the limonoids trigger apoptosis which in...

Computer analysis shows scientists could reconstruct the genome of the mammalian common ancestor

... molecular level," Haussler said. The researchers applied the software to a hypothetical ancestral DNA sequence, artificially evolving the DNA along all the various pathways of mammalian evolution to create simulated modern DNA sequences for 20 different species. Then they used their reconstruction procedur...

Global assessments of biodiversity argue for expansion of protected areas in key regions

...nalyses). Ferrier's analysis, which is more easily applied to poorly-known species than standard techniques, concludes that 43 percent of terrestrial species may be unprotected, most of them in tropical environments. The technique is now being expanded to assess the likely impacts of habitat loss and climate...

Purdue research offers hope for canine, human spinal injuries

...hat must be addressed before this treatment can be applied to people," Borgens said. "In dogs, for example, some of the control of walking actually takes place in the spine, while in humans all of this control resides in our brains. Additionally, PEG cannot just be used off the shelf - it must have a high le...

Prediction of gene function in mammals

...the mouse genome using a technique previously only applied to simple organisms such as yeast and the nematode...It has been assumed that this strategy couldn't be applied to mammals, but instead that genes expressed in the same tissue are most likely to have a functional...

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(Date:10/17/2014)... the University of Copenhagen have shown for the first ... of Cystic fibrosis patients, giving them the opportunity to ... chronic infections. , The study also discovered the bacterial ... patients was halted or slowed down by the immune ... the oxygen and helped "suffocate" the bacteria, forcing the ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... and Washington land managers have a new synthesis of ... moist mixed-conifer (MMC) forests in the two states. ... in Eastern Oregon and Washington: A Synthesis of the ... a general technical report published by the U.S. Forest ... to a request from managers for a synthesis of ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... (October 16, 2014) – Post-menopausal women experienced improvements ... hormone levels or genital bleeding, after 12 weeks ... investigational fermented soy germ-based nutritional supplement previously shown ... a new peer-reviewed pilot study reported in a ... annual scientific meeting. , "These data documented ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Scientists opens black box on bacterial growth in cystic fibrosis lung infection 2New report synthesizes best available science on management of moist mixed-conifer forests 2S-equol supplements associated with improved measures of reproductive health in postmenopausal women 2
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