Tag: "athletes" at biology news

UF, French scientists seek test to detect gene doping in athletes

...ILLE, Fla. Gene doping has the potential to spawn athletes capable of out-running, out-jumping and out-cyclin...ing the first cases of gene doping in professional athletes before the practice enters the mainstream. In the wake of recent Tour de France drug violations ...

Why nectar-feeding bats need a 'power drink' to fly

... Earth and three times faster than even top-class athletes ecologists have discovered. The findings, publish...ison, the highest rates reported in humans are for athletes who can fuel up to 30% of their metabolism directly from power drinks, they say. The reason these ...

Accident-prone? Scientists link brain function to knee injuries

...ski course can tear this major knee ligament, most athletes actually do themselves in--they don't collide with... administered neurocognitive tests to nearly 1,500 athletes at 18 universities during the preseason. This testing also provided baseline data for athletes who m...

Throwing motion in young baseball players may actually protect shoulder

...arm bone and soft tissue of the shoulders of young athletes participating in youth baseball and help protect t...ton. Good external rotation of the shoulder helps athletes throw faster while reducing their chance of injury. Some shoulder motion is naturally lost through...

Serica scientists win AOSSM Award for ACL (knee) tissue regeneration in preclinical study

...nd is a very common injury among athletes. Female athletes are known to have a higher risk of injuring their ACL. Currently, 200,000 surgeries are performed each year in the U.S. to repair a torn or damaged ACL....

Burning fat and carbohydrate during exercise

...exercise. They also help scientists understand why athletes "hit the wall" during events like the marathon, and they have implications for the adaptations made in middle-aged adults who are using exercise to prevent or treat conditions like diabetes and obesity. If the mechanisms can be fully understood, it m...

Women up to age 30 at risk for bone loss, study finds

...ppetite is not a good indicator of how much female athletes should eat, and neither is a regular menstrual cycle, warned Loucks, pointing out that low bone density puts women at higher risk for stress fractures and can lead to osteoporosis....

Human ancestors learned to walk upright in the trees, say experts

...alking bipedally on springy branches act much like athletes running on springy tracks; they use extended postures of knee and hip to give them straighter legs. Other recent work by the team shows that orang-utans use the natural springiness of branches to save energy in movement, especially when crossing from...

Study shows marine omega-3 fatty acids have positive effect on muscle mass

...vierge. She also suggests that omega-3s could help athletes trying to increase their muscle mass. "However, it should not be seen as a miracle product," she points out. "For increased muscle protein metabolism to take place in people younger than 50, physical training is still required," she concludes....

Gene mutation linked to increased athletic performance in whippets

...Ostrander observing: "The potential to increase an athletes performance by disrupting MSTN either by natural or perhaps artificial means could change the face of competitive human and canine athletics." However, the authors stress that: "Extreme caution should be exercised when acting upon these results becau...

Research suggests a significant circadian rhythm in swim performance lasting 2-4 minutes

...by knowing the circadian time of peak performance, athletes may be better able to shift their circadian systems so that the peaks of their performance rhythms coincide with the time of desired peak competition. In the highly competitive sports environment, where financial stakes are often high, team manage...

Training breathing muscles improves swimming muscles' performance

...n cyclists, rowers and runners. They suggest that athletes in most sports could improve their performance by undergoing respiratory muscle training. It is also clear that the greater the stress on the respiratory system, the larger the improvement in performance." Lundgren noted that this type of trainin...

NIH Nanomedicine Center draws on NYU School of Medicine expertise

...ages and types of DNA repair processes. Just as athletes rely on key muscle groups to power their performance, cells need their protein machines. Lots of important bodily processes are performed by protein machines that typically contain a number of individual proteins assembled together much like a sophis...

Poor athletic performance linked to vitamin deficiency

...dividuals lacking in B-vitamins including college athletes and other elite competitors -- may perform worse d...hletic performance of several elite and collegiate athletes in her research, as well as less competitive individuals. The stress on the body's energy producing ...

Dartmouth researchers identify a gene that enhances muscle performance

...tored form of carbohydrates, a condition that many athletes seek by "carbo-loading" before an event or game. The study appears in the Nov. 14 online issue of the American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism. "Our genetically altered mouse appears to have already been an exercise program," sa...

Keep your eyes on the puck

...rs said. "Our previous experience tells us that if athletes incorporate what we've learned in Quiet Eye studies, they can improve in their sport even if they are already at an elite level." In the case of the National Hockey League, it's easy to see how goalies could benefit. Panchuk's study feat...

ACS News Service Weekly PressPac -- Oct. 18, 2006

...an approach that Mitchell said risks disqualifying athletes unjustly. The new approach would reduce the risks of unwanted disqualifications, researchers said. ARTICLE #2 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE "Chemoinformatics-Based Classification of Prohibited Substances Employed for Doping in Sport" DOWNLOAD HTML http...

Steep oxygen decline halted first land colonization by Earth's sea creatures

... "I think of dinosaurs as the high-altitude Denver athletes of their day. They ran rings around their prey," he said. Ward also began to wonder whether respiratory needs dictated how other organisms' bodies developed. He thought that perhaps, rather than being based on feeding and movement, body shape and d...

Histamine tied to changes in blood pressure during exercise-recovery period

... blood pressure during and after exercise. Trained athletes have had fainting bouts at the end of exercise. It...amine products worked as they did do not mean that athletes or sedentary-turned-active people should head to their medicine cabinets before exercising. The am...

Closing in on lethal heart rhythm in young athletes

...thm defect that runs in families and targets young athletes report they have greatly narrowed the hunt for the specific genetic mutations that contribute to the problem. Their new findings, described in the July issue of the American Journal of Human Genetics, should increase the accuracy of tests to ident...

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(Date:7/24/2014)... experts gathered at NJIT this week for an all-day ... U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to dredge toxic sediment ... , The EPA has called the plan, which proposes ... capping sections of the riverbed, one of the largest ... be dredged and disposed off-site. , "We need to ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... into the potato genes that best adapt to the ... rainfall and increased extremes of hot and cold temperatures.The ... order to create new potato varieties that will adapt ... to find out how the current potato varieties will ... and lower temperatures. , This research is part of ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... on his work with a new drug that successfully treated ... Houston has received a $250,000 grant to expand his research ... to treat a wider range of autoimmune diseases., Chandra Mohan, ... Engineering at UH, previously published a study in Arthritis Research ... successfully treated lupus in mice and reduced the number of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Experts Weigh the Pros and Cons of a $1.7 Billion EPA Cleanup Plan for the Passaic River at an NJIT 2Neiker-Tecnalia is researching the potato genes that best adapt to climate change 2Biomedical engineer looks at new applications for novel lupus drug 2Biomedical engineer looks at new applications for novel lupus drug 3
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