Tag: "avian" at biology news

Study uncovers a lethal secret of 1918 influenza virus

...characteristic of the deadly complications of H5N1 avian influenza, the strain of bird flu present in Asia and which has claimed nearly 150 human lives but has not yet shown a capacity to spread easily among people. "What we see with the 1918 virus in infected monkeys is also what we see with H5N1 viruses...

Low-pathogenic forms of bird flu do cause illness among birds

...GERWERF -- Migratory swans carrying a mild form of avian influenza depart from The Netherlands more than a ...r, these patterns can affect the rate of spread of avian influenza. Wild birds were thought not to suffer from mild forms of avian influenza. But new data ...

Changes in amino acids in the 1918 influenza virus cut transmission

...t is recognized by hemaglutinins of both human and avian strains of influenza virus. These molecules are k...is through an alpha-2,3 bond. Hemagglutinins from avian influenza virus prefer binding to alpha 2-3 sialic acids, while hemagglutinins from human influenza ...

Are some people immune to avian flu?

... suggest that the answer might be yes. The H5N1 avian flu virus is quite different from the seasonal H1N...ect against them) could provide protection against avian H5N1 influenza virus, which contains the closely related avian type 1 neuraminidase (avN1). In the n...

Flu shot might also offer some protection against H5N1

... of the major proteins on the surface of human and avian influenza viruses; and it can often be found in hu...nd on viruses are numbered; and in the case of the avian influenza virus, considered by experts to be a major threat to humans, the proteins are designated H...

New research finds people and pigeons see eye to eye

...ormation to recognize objects. Understanding how avian visual systems solve problems that require conside...to a minimum. Although a very large portion of the avian central nervous system is devoted to visual processing, the bird brain is still just a fraction of t...

2,000 influenza virus genomes now completed and publicly accessible

...re genetic blueprints of more than 2,000 human and avian influenza viruses taken from samples around the world have been completed and the sequence data made available in a public database. "This information will help scientists understand how influenza viruses evolve and spread," says NIH Director Elia...

A first glimpse of the influenza replication machine

...za virus. Recently H5N1, another highly infectious avian strain has caused outbreaks of bird flu around the...polymerase mutations contribute to transmission of avian flu to humans. Upon infection the influenza virus starts multiplying in the cells of an infected h...

Pacific Rim researchers to collaborate on distributed bioinformatics analysis of avian flu

...ive ties to Asian institutions to learn more about avian flu, in hopes of helping to head off a much-feared...biological structures of different subtypes of the avian influenza virus, at the same time as we study their variations," said principal investigator Peter A...

Viral enzyme recruited in fight against ear infection

...w approach might also offer some protection if the avian influenza virus, H5N1, sparks a pandemic among humans, he added. McCullers is first author of the "PLoS" paper. The investigators demonstrated in mice infected with S. pneumoniae that lysin can eliminate these bacteria from the ear. The team conduc...

Migratory birds: Innocent scapegoats for the dispersal of the H5N1 virus

...s in the global dispersal of the highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1. Ecologists of the Station Bi...ermined its global dispersal. Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus subtype H5N1 was first detected in poultry in November 1996 in south-east China. The...

University of Alaska Fairbanks awarded $3.8M for bird flu research

...influenza viruses with pandemic potential, such as avian influenza H5N1. UAF is a partner in an $18.5 mil...ce and Research. "Our initial focus is on known avian reservoirs of influenza-A viruses such as waterfowl and shorebirds," said Jonathan Runstadler, Insti...

St. Jude named a Center of Excellence in flu research

...erlands; and H9N2, which circulates in many global avian populations, also sporadically appears in humans. The establishment of the six Centers of Excellence is an extension of work done by St. Jude under a contract NIAID awarded the institution in 1999, two years after the 1997 outbreak of H5N1 in Ho...

U OF M awarded $22.5 million NIH contract to study avian influenza

... to focus on disease and virologic surveillance of avian influenza viruses, providing the federal governmen...Northeast.Internationally, the center will conduct avian influenza surveillance of people, poultry, pigs, dogs, cats, and wild birds in rural Thailand; wild ...

UC Davis wins new national center for avian flu research

... influenza viruses with pandemicpotential, such as avian influenza H5N1 ("bird flu"). The Center for Rapid Influenza Surveillance and Research (CRISAR) isone of six new centers that were announced by the National Instituteof Allergy and Infectious Diseases, an arm of the National Institutesof Health. T...

India's biotech industry emerging as world innovator, collaborator, competitor

...culosis, encephalitis, malaria, rotavirus, rabies, avian flu, Hepatitus-B, diabetes, cancer, heart disease, cholera, HIV-HCV, tetanus, meningitis, measles and anemia. Other strong areas of interest include combination tests for various medical conditions, as well as antivirals and nutriceuticals. It add...

Map predicting spread of avian flu

...end by massive culling of susceptible farms. For avian influenza, the analyses show that there are two poultry-dense areas in The Netherlands where epidemic spread is possible, one in the central region and one in the south, close to the German and Belgian border (see attached figure). The authors sugges...

New edition of touchstone microbiology reference book now available

... as coronaviruses, metapneumoviruses, Nipah virus, avian influenza virus, and others. Also new to the ninth edition of the Manual of Clinical Microbiology is the availability of an optional CD-ROM containing all illustrations and the corresponding captions that appear in the printed volumes. Illustrations...

Researchers create interactive map with Google technology to track avian flu spread

...map" that portrays the mutations and spread of the avian flu around the globe over time should help researc...ed data from the known evolution and spread of the avian flu, known as H5N1, to create a roadmap of viral spread in time and space, said CU-Boulder ecology a...

'Supermap' of avian flu yields new info on source/spread

...signed a new, interactive map of the spread of the avian flu virus (H5N1) that for the first time incorpora...k in the April issue of Systematic Biology. The avian flu virus was first recognized in wild aquatic birds in Guangdong, China in 1996. It then spread to ...

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