Tag: "basic" at biology news
Pollution causes 40 percent of deaths worldwide, study finds
...- have developed. "A growing number of people lack basic
needs, like pure water and ample food. They become more susceptible to diseases driven by malnourishment, and air, water and soil pollutants," Pimentel concludes. He and his co-authors call for comprehensive and fair population policies and more cons...
New textbook illuminates the close links between evolutionary and molecular biology
...rom diverse biological backgrounds, illustrate how basic
processes such as natural selection, optimization, and conflict occur at the molecular level as well as the organismal and ecological levels. They illuminate evolutionary principles and mechanisms with examples from across the spectrum of lifefrom j...
Gilbert Foundation and American Fed for Aging Research award grants on Alzheimer's disease
...auses and progression of Alzheimers, including the basic
mechanisms of aging, genetics, biomarkers, inflammation and the impact of exercise and the environment. Award recipients include: Yaniv Assaf, Ph.D., Lecturer, Tel Aviv University: "Hippocampus characterization of mice over-expressing APP a...
European Science Foundation's Forward Look reaches out beyond the endless frontiers
...ientific challenges and opportunities in fields of basic
and translational science are explored and which aims to identify needs and opportunities for improved science policies for such fields at national and European levels. A Forward Look requires up to three years until its final report is published....
Viewing ecosystems from above
...storms, and floods, to agricultural management and basic
ecological research, says Dennis Ojima (Colorado S...servation and ecosystem management, but often lack basic
information on the rates and extent of environmental change. According to Nadine Laporte (Woods Hol...
AAAS analysis finds Congress would add billions to FY 2008 R&D investment
...ginning 1 October 2007 that would have cut overall basic
and applied research investment for the fourth straight year, Congress would increase research budgets at every major non-defense R&D agency. And with Congress exceeding the presidents overall domestic spending plan by $21 billion, Koizumi sees the p...
Link identified between Alzheimer's disease and glaucoma
...een what causes Alzheimer's disease and one of the basic
mechanisms behind glaucoma," says Dr Francesca Cordeiro from University College London, who led the study. Dr Cordeiro is also a consultant ophthalmologist at the Western Eye Hospital, London, specialising in glaucoma. "However, this doesn't mean tha...
MIT study: Maturity brings richer memories
...team reports that children rival adults in forming basic
memories, but adults do better at remembering the rich, contextual details of that information. The MIT study provides new insights into how children learn that are not only theoretically important, but could also inform practical learning in everyda...
How cells change the pace of their steps
...r organisms change the speed at which they move, a basic
biological discovery that may help researchers devise ways to prevent cancer cells from spreading throughout the body. The discovery reported by the UCSD scientists in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) and published Aug. 3 on t...
Orangutans' communication resembles a game of 'charades'
...s to get their point across, they rely on the same basic
strategy that people follow in playing the game of charades. Captive orangutans intentionally modify or repeat hand or other signals selectively based on the success or failure of their first attempt, according to a August 2nd study in Current Biolog...
ESA announces 2007 award recipients
...is award have demonstrated their ability to relate basic
ecological principles to human affairs. Brewers past and current research focuses on developing collaborations between scientists and teachers, training teachers to conduct ecological investigations with their students, exploring new methods for tea...
47th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
...ing for presenting new information on clinical and basic
research in infectious diseases and anti-infective therapy, ICAAC has also traditionally served as a forum for the introduction of new antimicrobial agents. This years ICAAC will attract approximately 9,500 attendees from the United States and abroa...
Scientists move closer to bio-engineered bladders
...adder self-renew to cope with injury. "With this basic
understanding of how the cells work, we are moving..." The York research highlights the importance of basic
biology research in underpinning medical advances. Professor Nigel Brown, BBSRC Director of Science ...
St. Jude study solves mystery of mammalian ears
...encies. The work also highlights the importance of basic
hearing research in studies into the causes of dea...that researchers have the ability to ask some very basic
questions about how the body works, and then use those answers to solve medical problems in the futu...
Smithsonian's National Zoo researchers use electronic eggs to help save threatened species
...usbandry practices for a species. But much of this basic
biological information remains unknown for many threatened and endangered species. Temperatures and turning frequencies for artificially incubating eggs can sometimes rely as much on guesswork as on hard data. Improving the success rate of breeding n...
Boston Univeristy bioengineers devise 'dimmer swith' to regulate gene expression in mammal cells
... that extend possible applications into areas from basic
research to gene therapy. There are a number of technologies available to regulate gene expression, but they each come with limitations, said Collins. One of the central problems is you cant get a really tight off state. Even when genetic switche...
Gene-transcription machinery seen poised for action, held in check until needed
...gs of nucleosomes coil in turn into chromatin, the basic
material of chromosomes. Specific modifications to histones have been associated with either gene repression or activation. A key finding in the earlier study was that both the addition and removal of ubiquitin at different times was required to opti...
Learning a second language -- Is it all in your head?
... cortex, is typically associated with handling the basic
building blocks of sound -- whether the pitch of a sound is going up or down, where sounds come from and how loud a sound is -- and not associated with speech per se, she said. The 17 research participants aged 18 to 26 who had their brain scans take...
Study identifies new gene therapy tools for inherited blindness
...s linked to blindness are turned on. "In its most basic
form, gene therapy requires three components," exp...nd previously established sites, they derived some basic
rules or "grammar" that seem to govern how the sites work. "We've by no means finished defining thi...
...retch brush-like from the support and contain many basic
groups. In water or slightly acidic solution, the acidic groups carry a positive charge while the basic
groups are negatively charged; this causes them to attract each other. In addition to this electrost...
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