Tag: "bioremediation" at biology news
Decoding mushroom's secrets could combat carbon, find better biofuels and safer soils
...his improves prospects of using such fungi for the bioremediation
of contaminated soils. Agaricus bisporus is one of the most widely cultivated mushrooms and the genome research will also benefit growers and consumers through identification of improved quality traits such as disease resistance.The University of...
Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory
...ective, Bloom noted that the accelerated anaerobic bioremediation
of tetrachloroethene and trichloroethene has exceeded their expectations. Funding for the effort is provided by DOD. [Contact: Ron Walli, (865) 576-0226; firstname.lastname@example.org ] Homeland Security Bio watchdog . . . Effects of a biological attack...
Researchers demonstrate way to control tree height
...e extensive root development is needed, such as in bioremediation
of polluted soils or in very windy, limited soil moisture situations. From an environmental viewpoint, the researchers said, dwarfed trees such as this are unlikely to be any kind of threat to spread, because they would compete very poorly with nor...
In nature, proteins sweep up nanoparticles
...it suggests that proteins could play a key role in bioremediation
strategies designed to trap harmful metals such as...ocess does, could become a critical component of a bioremediation
strategy, if only scientists understand how it works. To explore this question, the team turned to...
Researchers develop way to calculate speed of bacterial sex
... positive environmental outcomes, such as improved bioremediation
qualities, bacterial adaptation can also create potentially harmful bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics and increase gene flow from genetically modified organisms to native soils. By developing a real-life model of bacterial gene transfer, UC-...
New petroleum-degrading bacteria found at Rancho La Brea Tar Pits in Los Angeles
...a and their enzymes have potential application for bioremediation
(cleaning oil spills), medical treatments (new medicines), alternative energy (biofuels), enhanced oil recovery, and industrial applications (biochemicals and biotechnology). Study results appear online in the April 6 issue of Applied and Environm...
'Hidden-hero' microbes in soil, water may help naturally clean toxic sites
...esearchers will be testing a natural method called bioremediation
-- the stimulation of naturally occurring microbes...b it of potentially deadly radioactive metal. If bioremediation
proves successful on the uranium, technetium, nitrate and other potentially lethal leftovers at the ...
Sequencing of the oyster mushroom genome
...house effect and holds great potential for use in bioremediation
biodegradation of contaminants , reasons why, together with other crops such as the yucca or cotton, it has been chosen for genome sequencing by the mentioned North American Genome Institute. The oyster mushroom and CO 2 balance The oyster mu...
Particle size matters to bacteria ability to immobilize heavy metals
...by Shewanella and its application in environmental bioremediation
of contaminated DOE sites. "It will help build a whole picture of Shewanella how it reacts with metal oxides and how the rate of this interaction is influenced by size" Bose said. So far, the research shows that particles of similar shape but diff...
Figuring out function from bacteria's bewildering forms
...e could figure out how to get the bacteria used in bioremediation
to make stalks, we could improve their ability to take up pollutants and up their efficiency," he said. But Brun also says the discovery has ecological significance. "Bacteria with stalks and other prostheses are ubiquitous in all the earth's aqua...
Energy-rich portfolio of new genome sequencing targets for DOE JGI
...hat its lignocellulolytic enzymes could facilitate bioremediation
and other biotechnological processes. The poly-aromatic hydrocarbon oxidizing enzymes present in P. ostreatus can participate in the biodegradation of dyes, of contaminating wastes produced in agroindustries, and of forest, pulp and paper industrial ...
Brookhaven Lab and WARD'S Natural Science develop science education kits
...le to learn some of the basic concepts involved in bioremediation
of contaminated sites by replicating some of our research in the classroom." Another kit involves the use of the T7 bacterial virus, which forms the basis of the T7 expression system, developed and patented at Brookhaven in the 1980s and 1990s, and...
DOE JGI finishes 100th microbial genome
...rs has been studying to evaluate its potential for bioremediation
and as an alternative energy source," said Dr. Jen...nd nutrient cycles of aquatic sediments and in the bioremediation
of organic and metal contaminants in groundwater. Rhodobacter sphaeroides. Samuel Kaplan, Universi...
DOE JGI to host Microbial Genomics Workshop for educators
...nderstanding of the global carbon cycle, and novel bioremediation
applications. Microbes, the oldest and most abundant form of life on Earth, inhabit nearly every environment and can thrive under extreme conditions of heat, cold, pressure, and radiation. Although microbes represent the vast majority of life on th...
Subsurface bacteria release phosphate to convert uranium contamination to immobile form
...ano-phosphate source the researchers provided. The bioremediation
research project, funded for three years by DOE's ...ia phosphate precipitation. As they work toward a bioremediation
strategy that will work in the field, researchers must design a mechanism to deal with competing org...
MTBE contamination: A microbial approach for groundwater
...lom, also known for his work in biodegradation and bioremediation
of other environmental pollutants, such as PCBs and dioxins. While the methodology is a step in the right direction, Hggblom remains concerned about the slow pace at which the anaerobes seem to operate as they break down MTBE, a feature of the micr...
ORNL leading effort to help harness power of Shewanella
...s of data being generated about a microbe adept at bioremediation
will be more efficiently organized and shared thro...hanisms for metal contaminants reduction and other bioremediation
applications, and develop a system that makes the information readily available to the research comm...
Killer microbe may be a lifesaver after all
...avy metals. This has signifi cant implications for bioremediation
applications ifthese metals are radioactive and are reduced to insoluble form to prevent further spreading of the contamination. In another project, the team also is addressing the health related issuesconcerning this microbe. Again focusing on the o...
Microbes found to produce miniature electrical wires
...nvestigation because they are useful agents in the bioremediation
of groundwater contaminated with pollutants such as toxic and radioactive metals or petroleum. They also have the ability to convert human and animal wastes or renewable biomass into electricity. To carry out these processes, Geobacter must transfer ...
Gene 'archeology' gets easier using Carnegie Mellon University software
...e identifying potential detoxification enzymes for bioremediation
and designing breeding programs that would enhance pest resistance in cash crops." Already, Notung is helping to bridge studies of molecular evolution with laboratory research, according to Durand. Her team has collaborated with a number of scientis...