Tag: "birth" at biology news
Discovering the first steps in transcription-coupled repair
...of the transcription defects that accumulate after birth
in Cockayne Syndrome, which result in cell death leading to CS's characteristic neurological decline and wasting. Further work may provide insight into the processes of aging itself....
Hepatitis B accounts for 40 percent of 'missing' Asian women
...as well as estimates of the effect of hepatitis on birth
sex, Oster concludes that hepatitis B can account for about 45 percent of the "missing women" or, more specifically, for as many as 50 percent of the "missing women" in Egypt and West Asia; under 20 percent in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Nepal; ...
Researchers discover new form of cancer gene regulation
...cer-causing oncogene highly associated with severe birth
defects and several childhood cancers. The group...mutations in this family of genes result in severe birth
defects and devastating cancers in humans. "While some cancers are explained by known defects in ...
New screening test proves earlier, more accurate predictor for Down syndrome
...ne of the leading causes of mental retardation and birth
defects, found in one in 660 pregnancies. Persons...stinct physical features and commonly have certain birth
defects and medical problems. Any woman can have a baby with Down syndrome, regardless of her age, ...
Brain memory area modifies its 'wiring diagram' during the female cycle
...se axons, the granule cells, show neurogenesis, or birth
of new nerve cells in adults....
Low-income pregnant Latinas drink despite universal alcohol-warning messages
...alcohol heavily during pregnancy have a pattern of birth
defects known as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), which includes some differences in appearance of the child's face, poor growth, and long-term learning and behavior problems," added Chambers. "Many more children, whose mothers may drink smaller amount...
Seasonal depression, anxiety affects hamsters, study finds
...o examine daylight exposure before and right after birth
because of research in humans that suggest people who are born during the winter are more likely to suffer from depression as adults. The results in hamsters were not always clear-cut. Specifically, hamsters exposed to short days before weaning show...
Swedish researchers warn university students face infertility
... 30 and 34. Only 3% preferred to delay their first birth
until between 35 and 39. However, 12% wanted to wa...ts most women have to healthcare professionals for birth
control may provide opportunities for discussions about plans for having children, and age-related f...
Ozone levels may raise risk of underweight births
...nior author. Gilliland and his colleagues examined birth
records from 3,901 children who were born in Calif...ed data such as the children's gestational age and birth
weight, as well as their mothers' zip code of residence at birth. Then they determined levels of ozo...
Recycled or revamped therapeutics find novel anti-cancer applications
...lude: Thalidomide, a notorious drug once linked to birth
defects that is undergoing patient testing in comb...eeping aid, but was banned from use because of the birth
defects it caused. Much of its deleterious effects on development in early body formation in babies ...
Fruit fly research set to revolutionize study of birth defects
...tudy of fruit flies that may revolutionize the way birth
defects are studied has identified the genes affected by a widely-prescribed drug known to cause birth
defects. Methotrexate (MTX), a popular cancer-fighting drug also used to treat psoriasis, ectopic p...
Study hints at role of stem cell genes in testicular, breast cancers
...h is to identify the genetic missteps that lead to birth
defects and infertility. As part of this research, the team had determined that the four genes OCT 4, NANOG, STELLAR and GDF3-- play a role in prompting human embryonic stem cells to develop into primordial, or earliest-stage, germ cells. Three of t...
Slight increased risk of major birth defects associated with IVF
...roduction, have a slightly increased risk of major birth
defects, such as heart or muscle and skeletal defe...gests a relationship between IVF and slightly more birth
defects, it does not prove that the IVF procedure itself is the cause. However, questions raised by...
Pregnancy drugs can affect grandkids
...s, which have similar placentas to humans and give birth
to similarly mature offspring. They gave guinea pigs the equivalent of three injections of betamethasone, and compared them to a group given either three injections of saline, or nothing atall. Offspring of cavies given the drug showed some abnormali...
Species take care of each other in ecological communities
...arch team modified this theory by arguing that the birth
rate and mortality rate are not identical across s... but there is a "density-dependent" probability of birth
and death. The more abundant species have lower birth
rates and higher mortality rates. "The consequ...
MicroRNA may have fail-safe role in limb development
...ent, a finding that may be useful in understanding birth
defects. Until about five years ago, genetic researchers focused on DNA, which contains all the genetic instructions for the human body, and RNA, which translates DNA's message into proteins - the building blocks of cells, organs and all of the vario...
Research: Autistic children's brains grow larger during first years of development, why is not clear
...ontrols. Measurements took place periodically from birth
to age 3. "Our head circumference data suggest that enlarged head size is not present at birth
and that the onset of enlarged head size in autistic children begins, on average, at around 12 month...
Pall filtration technology verified to remove arsenic from drinking water
...well as heart and blood vessels and may also cause birth
defects and reproductive problems. The new EPA arsenic standard, which became effective in February 2002, was developed in response to these public health and safety concerns. The ruling requires water systems to be in compliance by January 23, 2006...
Salty taste preference linked to birth weight
... by two-month old infants are inversely related to birth
weight: lighter birth
weight infants show greater acceptance of salt-water solutions than do babies who were heavier at bi...
UT Southwestern scientist receives international award for pediatric research
...esult in congenital heart disease, the most common birth
defect and the leading noninfectious cause of death in children under 1 year of age....
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