Tag: "births" at biology news
Inflammation may cause preterm labor and fetal deaths
...ion from bacterial infections is linked to preterm births
and deaths, according to researchers from Case Wes...ments are not very effective at preventing preterm births
that are triggered by a bacterial infection. Mice, as well as humans, have several toll-like recep...
Progesterone injections do not prevent preterm birth in twin pregnancies
...y progesterone injections do not prevent premature births
in women pregnant with twins, a University of Nort...rogesterone or 17-OHPC, reduced additional preterm births
by one-third in women whose previous babies were born prematurely. Based on the results of the fir...
Prenatal alcohol exposure alters brain activity in the frontal-striatal areas
... Psychology. "Experts estimate that nine per 1000 births
in this country show evidence of clinically significant effects of prenatal alcohol exposure." Inattention and behavioral disinhibition are considered hallmark features of prenatal alcohol exposure, added Fryer, also the study's corresponding autho...
Ethnicity plays a role in neonatal deaths
...iversity of Alberta. As the number of premature births
in North America has increased over the last 20 years, questions have emerged about how best to care for newborns and their mothers, particularly in immigrant populations where inequalities in health outcomes may already exist. In the United State...
Adding folic acid to flour significantly reduces congenital malformations
...on of folic acidenriched flours for over 2 million births
in Canada. Between 1993 and 1997, the incidence was 1.58 per 1,000 births. Between 2000 and 2002, the rate dropped 46% to 0.86. The biggest improvement occurred in the parts of Canada that had the highest rates of neural tube deformation before 1998N...
A first-principles model of early evolution
...s via random mutations, gene duplication, organism births
via replication, and organism deaths. The authors find that survival of the population is possible only after a Big Bang when a very small number of advantageous protein structures is suddenly discovered and exponential growth of the population en...
Complex ART procedures more likely to lead to umbilical cord abnormality
...ey (EFPTS), containing information on all multiple births
in the region since 1964. Since assisted reproduction was rather rare until the mid-eighties, said Mrs. Delbaere, we analysed twins born between 1985 and 2004. The scientists compared cord characteristics from 2119 spontaneously conceived dizy...
Germany's embryo protection law is 'killing embryos rather than protecting them'
... cycles started and nearly 19 per cent resulted in births
when fresh oocytes were used, but the cumulative delivery rate from both fresh and frozen oocytes was 30 per cent. By contrast, in the UK, from 30,495 cycles, 22% of the deliveries occurred after fresh oocytes were used, but the cumulative delivery r...
Key to tackling malaria may lie in bed nets for adults and older children
...f maternal mortality which at 578 per 100,000 live births
is one the highest in the world. Economically, malaria contributes to individual, community and country poverty through lost labour days and in expenses incurred for treatment and prevention. "This paper is a welcome appeal to the world community t...
Children born after PGD as healthy as those born after conventional IVF treatment
...The average length of the pregnancies of singleton births
was 38.8 weeks and the mean birthweight 3.268 kg, comparable to those of IVF and ICSI children, she says. The study is the first of a large series of PGD children from one centre, Professor Liebaers will tell the conference, and we will be carryin...
An 'elegant' idea proves its worth 25 years later
...onia poisoning. An estimated one in 40,000 live births
is a child with a urea cycle disorder, according to Hamosh, who says early and accurate detection can now assure prompt treatment. "Were teaching all medical students at Hopkins to consider hyperammonemia and immediately do blood tests when they see...
Premature births may be linked to seasonal levels of pesticides and nitrates in surface water
... (Aug.-Sept.). More than 27 million U.S. live births
were studied from 1996-2002. Preterm birth varied ...t St. Francis Hospital in Indianapolis. "Preterm births
in the United States vary month to month in a recurrent and seasonal manner. Pesticides and nitrates...
Nearly 28,000 US infants died in 2004
... change recently 6.78 deaths for every 1,000 live births
in 2004 compared to 6.89 in 2000, the National Center for Health Statistics report found. The report, "Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2004 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set" includes a new analysis tracking preterm birth-related infan...
ACS News Service Weekly PressPac -- April 11, 2007
...th Journal of Proteome Research With pre-term births
a major international health problem, scientists a...port, researchers explain that spontaneous preterm births
(before 37 weeks of pregnancy) have increased steadily during the last 25 years and now account for ...
Pitt study notes decline in male births in the US and Japan
...t during the past thirty years, the number of male births
has decreased each year in the U.S. and Japan. In a review of all births
in both countries, the University of Pittsburgh-led study found significantly fewer boys being born ...
Switching genes to overdrive improves muscular dystrophy symptoms in mice
...children, occurring once in about every 5,000 live births
of boys, and is ultimately fatal. The average age of death is the mid-teens, and most patients die by their 30s. In the United States, about 400 to 600 boys are born each year with DMD or Becker Muscular Dystrophy, a milder form of the disease. The c...
Improving outcomes in premature births
...d of a surrogate such as days gained or percent of births
before 32 or 35 weeks of gestation."...
Telemedicine initiative for sub-Saharan Africa: Pilot projects proposed
...gures for immunisation coverage and the numbers of births
attended by skilled personnel show. The region faces a serious health workforce crisis, due to the migration of doctors and nurses to more developed countries, and also due to the death of skilled personnel from disease. The Telemedicine Task Forc...
In Hispanic women, genetic variations linked to spontaneous preterm birth
...s variant functions and why it predisposes preterm births
still needs to be determined," said Norwitz. In another abstract using the same study subjects, Norwitz and colleagues explored whether polymorphisms in the gene that encodes the progesterone receptor may identify women at risk for preterm birth....
New genetic mutations found that may cause cleft lip/palate
... and palate, found in nearly one of every 700 live births
worldwide, occurs when tissues that normally form the lip and palate fail to join early in fetal life. The investigation focused on genes in the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family, which function in a signaling pathway important in fetal face deve...
1 2 3 4 5