Tag: "bone" at biology news
Diverse genetic abnormalities lead to NF-κB activation in multiple myeloma
...asma cells beyond the physiological control of the bone
marrow compartment. Our results suggest a mechanism by which MM cells can overcome these limitations through acquisition of mutations that result in constitutive and ligand-independent activation of the alternative NF-κB pathway, explains Dr. Fo...
Research shows skeleton to be endocrine organ
... in the August 10 issue of Cell, demonstrates that bone
cells release a hormone called osteocalcin, which ...ed by fat cells, acts upon and ultimately controls bone
mass. They reasoned that bones must in turn communicate with fat, so they searched bone-forming cell...
Testosterone replacement therapy: How safe for aging men?
...en used by aging men to improve their muscle mass, bone
strength, libido and quality of life. In 2002, the number of elderly American men taking testosterone replacement therapy was nearly 819,000, and the number is growing. The increased use has occurred despite the fact that the cardiovascular effects o...
Taking a supplement of glycine helps prevent degenerative diseases such as arthrosis or osteoporosis
...e which disappears until it leaves the subchondral bone
exposed. Arthrosis has no cure at present and the most widely used treatments are pain-killers and NSAID (non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs), which only relieve pain but do not repair the damage in the cartilage or influence the development of the...
First case of successful ovarian tissue transplantation between two, nonidentical sisters
...ived chemotherapy and radiotherapy before having a bone
marrow transplant from her 17-year-old sister, San...esas immune system would not recognise her sisters bone
marrow as foreign and reject it. The treatment was successful and Teresa was cured. However, in 19...
UF to lead research on life-threatening fungus
...is is the leading cause of death from infection in bone
marrow transplant and leukemia patients, as well a...rgan transplants, he said. About 15 percent of all bone
marrow transplantpatients, for example, will develop an infection from Aspergillus; of those, about ...
MGH researchers confirm that bone marrow restores fertility in female mice
...researchers confirms that female mice that receive bone
marrow transplantation after fertility-destroying ...t with our past work, cells derived from the donor bone
marrow are getting into the ovaries and developing into immature oocytes, says Jonathan Tilly, PhD, ...
Chickens dieting to help Delaware waterways
...s of broiler chickens. The birds were examined for bone
health and growth, as well as the phosphorus content of their manure, beginning as chicks up to market-size birds. The painstaking research defined the boundary at which the total phosphorus levels in a broiler chicken's corn-soybean meal diet can ...
New studies on goats' milk show it is more beneficial to health than cows' milk
...o prevent ferropenic anaemia (iron deficiency) and bone
demineralisation (softening of the bones). This ...ed in the study reveal that ferropenic anaemia and bone
demineralisation caused by this pathology have a better recovery with goats milk. Due to the higher ...
Nottingham biosciences million pound injection
...chniques which could greatly enhance the repair of bone
defects and fractures. RegenTec Ltd was created ...adually degrades, leaving behind only newly formed bone
tissue. RegenTec has developed an extensive portfolio of patents and hopes that its injectable tec...
U-M team identifies gene that regulates blood-forming fetal stem cells
...an embryonic stem cells, a goal that could enhance bone
marrow transplantation," Kim said. The Sox 17 study is part of a larger, ongoing U-M effort to understand how stem cells are regulated at different stages of life. Last September, Morrison's team reported that old stem cells don't simply wear out; ...
MicroRNA works with Ago2 protein to regulate blood cell development
...a role in the development of blood cells. In the bone
marrow of adult mice where their blood stem cells reside OCarroll conditionally knocked out the gene that encodes Ago2. Two months later, OCarroll observed that they had developed anemia and enlarged spleens, and noted that although the stem cells ...
Discoverer of Sly Syndrome finds way of delivering medicine to fight rare genetic disorder
...reat the rare genetic disease. Sly Syndrome causes bone
defects, mental retardation, vision and hearing problems, heart disease and premature death. They found that a potentially life-saving enzyme can be induced to cross the blood-brain barrier, a structure which protects the brain from foreign substan...
CTRC enrolls first patients in novel phase II study for sarcoma -- living virus destroys cancer cell
...lopment. Eligible patients are those who have a bone
or soft tissue sarcoma that has spread to the lung and who are deemed by their physician to be unresponsive to or untreatable by standard therapies. These include patients with osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma family tumors, malignant fibrous histiocytom...
New joint replacement material developed at MGH put to first clinical use
... foreign particles, eventually destroying adjacent bone
tissue and causing the implant to loosen a condition called periprosthetic osteolysis. Harris and his colleagues, working with polymer chemists from MIT, found that high doses of radiation would crosslink the polyethylene, bonding molecules toget...
Effects of aging in stem cells
...splanted either young or old cells into mice whose bone
marrow cells had been destroyed by radiation. The ...nsplanted HSCs depend on cell adhesion to colonize bone
marrow properly, the researchers explain, inappropriate up-regulation of genes encoding P-selectin m...
Molecular detectors may refine cancer treatment
...ssociated with leukemia, a cancer of the blood and bone
marrow that annually claims about 21,000 lives in ...es of cancerous cells but ignored normal blood and bone
marrow cells. In combination, the six aptamers produced distinct patterns that characterize differen...
Cardiac patches stimulate regeneration, improve function after heart attack
...mounts are also made after skeletal-muscle injury, bone
fracture and blood vessel injury, stimulating mature, specialized cells to begin dividing again. Led by Bernhard Kuhn, MD, in the Department of Cardiology at Childrens Hospital Boston, the researchers theorized that placing periostin near the site o...
Immune system 'escape hatch' gives cancer cells traction
...research had confirmed that MDSCs, produced in the bone
marrow, were attracted to tumors, but until now, scientists had not identified exactly how the cells inhibit the immune systems ability to mount an attack. By explaining some of the precise biological workings of MDSCs in cancer the teams finding...
Throwing motion in young baseball players may actually protect shoulder
...GARY, Alberta -- Adaptive changes occur in the arm bone
and soft tissue of the shoulders of young athletes...he act of throwing causes changes in the upper arm bone
and soft tissue in the shoulders of young baseball players. This is not necessarily a bad thing, ex...
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