Tag: "brain" at biology news
Doernbecher Children's Hospital scientist earns coveted Javits award
...ring workin the cellular and molecular cause(s) of brain
injury in prematureinfants. NINDS is a branch of t...ehope to devise therapies that cannot only reverse brain
damage ininfants but slow cognitive decline in aging adults as well," said Back,associate professor ...
Gene regulation, not just genes, is what sets humans apart
...gulation of many genes known to be involved in the brain
and nervous system and in nutrition, said Ralph Haygood, a post-doctoral fellow in the laboratory of Duke biology professor Gregory Wray. Haygood is lead author in a report on the research to be published online on Sunday, Aug. 12, in the research ...
Genetic variation helps to understand predisposition to schizophrenia
...h schizophrenia. The role of this protein in the brain
is not completely understood but the other types o...lin 1 proteins are involved in controlling how the brain
develops and works in adults. In this study, Law and colleagues showed that Neuregulin 1 type 4 is s...
Gilbert Foundation and American Fed for Aging Research award grants on Alzheimer's disease
... the gene apoE4, and environmental factors play in brain
plasticity, degeneration and cognitive decline usi...s for a greater sensitivity and specificity of the brain
than conventional MRI. Olivier Boutaud, Ph.D., Research Assistant Professor, Vanderbilt Univers...
JCI table of contents: Aug. 9, 2007
...let cells in the pancreas and in the region of the brain
known as the hypothalamus are lean because they eat less and move around more than normal mice. These effects on behavior were associated with decreased signaling in the hypothalamus through a protein known as PPAR-alpha. Administration of a PPAR-alp...
Brain blood flow gives clues to treating depression
...ine approaches in identifying the hows and whys of brain
dysfunction and its potential in providing immed...that antidepressant medicines normalized decreased brain
blood flow usually seen in patients with depression, while electroconvulsive treatment was associate...
Preclinical study links gene to brain aneurysm formation
...sed or completely absentmay predispose a person to brain
aneurysms. Todd Abruzzo, MD, and his colleagues... that carry blood to the brain. They then examined brain
artery samples for signs of aneurysm formation. The researchers found no indications of aneurysm ...
Role of thyroid hormones in slumber under investigation at Rutgers
...d the compounds which are derived from them in the brain
during circadian rhythms and during sleep and waki...croinjections of thyroid hormones in sleep-related brain
structures of rats. As in the Rutgers-Camden scientists previous research endeavors, undergraduat...
UCLA scientists produce functioning neurons from human embryonic stem cells
...duce neurons - the impulse-conducting cells in the brain
and spinal cord - from human embryonic stem cells....ntiated into neurons found in rear portions of the brain
and spinal cord. The finding was surprising, and significant, Sun said. The realization that not ...
Gene variant is associated with brain anatomy, clinical course of ADHD
...der (ADHD) and with thinner tissue in areas of the brain
that handle attention, but also appears associated...was associated with thinner tissue in areas of the brain
known to control attentionthe right orbitofrontal/inferior prefrontal and posterior parietal cortex....
Link identified between Alzheimer's disease and glaucoma
...t the back of the eye, is actually an extension of brain
tissue, travelling down the optic nerve into the b...treet opticians have been routinely looking at the brain
in a more direct way than has been possible by high tech brain
scanners such as MRI and CAT." Now,...
UCF research links proteins, stem cells and potential Alzheimer's treatment
...troyed by Alzheimers and are necessary for healthy brain
functions. The research findings were published...tudying the brain. Six years ago, he reported that brain
stem cells transplanted into aged rats seemed to become functional neurons and improved age-associat...
Gene predicts better outcome as cortex normalizes in teens with ADHD
...f how variation in a specific gene influences both brain
development and clinical prognosis in ADHD, said N...hat codes for a receptor protein that binds to the brain
chemical messenger dopamine. This version of the dopamine D4 receptor gene, called the 7-repeat va...
Not all embryonic stem cell lines are created equal
... dropped thousands of times, and those specific to brain
cells increased thousands of times. But on the other hand, when we compared the two lines, we found differences in microRNA gene expression that might contribute to this neuronal bias in the lines, she said.Sdhof said that the differences among ES ce...
Disabling a sensory organ prompts female mice to act like male mice
...he new study. "It means you only have to build one brain
in a species and that the one brain
is built, more or less, the same in the male and the female." Dulac's team, composed of first autho...
MIT study: Maturity brings richer memories
...dhood, and plays a critical role in education. The brain
systems underlying it have been extensively studie...developed prefrontal cortex (PFC) - an area of the brain
long associated with higher-order thinking, planning, and reasoning -- may be responsible for creat...
Human knowledge is based upon directed connectivity between brain areas
processes enable humans to rapidly access their pe...f information flow transmitted between specialized brain
areas that together establish a dynamic cortical network. This finding is reported in the latest iss...
A sensory organ, not the brain, differentiates male and female behavior in some mammals
...cientists have searched in vain for slivers of the brain
that might drive the dramatic differences between ...flat because such differences may not arise in the brain
at all. Rather, they say, the epicenter of sex-specific behavior in many species may be a small se...
Success or failure of antidepressant citalopram predicted by gene variation
...he protein produced by HTR2A acts as a receptor on brain
cells for the chemical messenger serotonin, one of several neurotransmitters that enable the cells to communicate with each other. The discovery that a variation in a serotonin-related gene could affect response to citalopram was not entirely surpris...
Neurosciences and music meet in Montreal
...search on interactions between music and the human brain
in healthy and pathologic conditions. The conference will focus on many topics such as: the importance of music in the biologic and cultural evolution of man, differences between musicians trained at an early or late age, congenital amusia, absolute ...
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