Tag: "break" at biology news

Clones on task serve greater good, evolutionary study shows

...tical organisms is affected when a few individuals break from the developmental pack. Ian Dworkin, an assistant professor of zoology, worked with a on the paper Genetics of Microenvironmental Canalization in Arabidopsis Thaliana the group tackled the question of canalization -- a measure of the ability of...

Gene regulation, not just genes, is what sets humans apart

... The sugars in their diet are relatively simple to break down and convert to cellular fuel. Humans, on the other hand, eat a wider array of foods, including many the chimps would simply not be able to digest like starchy root crops. The researchers found dramatic differences in the regulatory regions of th...

OHSU turns mouse into factory for human liver cells

...from laboratory animals because liver enzymes that break down these compounds are species specific. "Animal liver cells process drugs quite differently than human liver cells do," he said. Another obstacle for drug companies is the human liver cell market is filled with poor-quality or nonviable cells i...

High-intensity ultrasound may launch attack on cancer, wherever it lurks

...de, with emphasis on using mechanical vibration to break apart the tumor cells, may have an even more significant impact in suppressing cancer metastasis by waking up the immune system. For reasons that are still not completely understood, cancer cells often go largely undetected by the immune system, Zh...

Unknotting DNA clue to cancer syndrome

...each. Textbook models show only one end of a DNA break exchanging strands with the template chromosome, w...er said. But the new study clearly shows that both break ends can autonomously fish around to capture repair templates. Furthermore, when SGS1 is defective, ...

Biologists at Tufts University discover 1 reason why chromosomes break, often leading to cancer

...ture." When replication stalls, chromosomes can break Next, the researchers had to determine how the ...ther very easily." Most of the time, chromosomes break and heal correctly. The problem arises when they do not heal correctly and instead are deleted or re...

Under magnetic force, nanoparticles may deliver gene therapy

...osing the nanoparticles are biodegradable, so they break down into simpler, nontoxic chemicals that can be carried away in the blood. Previous researchers had shown that magnetically driven nanoparticles could deliver DNA in cell cultures, but ours is the first delivery system that is biodegradable, and th...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- July 25, 2007

...nmental impact of oil dispersants, detergents used break down oil spills into smaller, less harmful droplets. In the new report, Shai Shafir and colleagues evaluated the effects of both crude oil and six commercial oil dispersants under laboratory conditions on the growth and survival of two important sp...

Insulin grown in plants relieves diabetes in mice; UCF study holds promise for humans

...e intestine, bacteria living there begin to slowly break down the cell walls and gradually release insulin into the bloodstream. Currently, the only relief for diabetes is a momentary relief, Daniell said. Diabetics still have to monitor their blood and urine sugar levels. They have to inject themselves ...

Carnegie Mellon scientists find key HIV protein makes cell membranes bend more easily

...ies have shown that FP-23 fuses with, and can even break apart, blood cells and other man-made, cell-like structures called liposomes. FP-23 likely plays several roles in viral fusion, according to the researchers. One role already suspected is that FP-23 attaches to its T cell victim to facilitate a cha...

Switchable adhesive

...strongly acidic (a pH value of about 1), the bonds break up, the basic groups lose their charge, and the electrostatic attraction lets up. The two surfaces can then be slowly and carefully separated from each other without any damage. This detachment is reversible: If the pH value is raised again, making t...

Eat fish -- especially if you drink high levels of alcohol

...tty acid metabolism, mainly through increasing fat break down." Furthermore, said Brenna, alcohol has strong, lasting, and deleterious effects on the brain. "The brain depends on a supply of omega-3 PUFA," he said. The brains of men consuming high levels of alcohol, particularly those who regularly bin...

How to structure a complex body plan

...n subjected to harsh environmental conditions that break the colony into fragments of different size and structure. Plastic developmental rules that are not predetermined and react to fragment structure allow the formation of species-specific architecture through variable developmental routes. This adaptiv...

New joint replacement material developed at MGH put to first clinical use

... against the polyethylene-lined joint socket would break off small particles of polyethylene. The bodys immune system reacted against these foreign particles, eventually destroying adjacent bone tissue and causing the implant to loosen a condition called periprosthetic osteolysis. Harris and his colle...

New role for protein in fat cells may improve understanding of obesity and diabetes

...oplets and not in the ER, cells low in CETP cannot break down the fats they store as effectively, Morton and Izem say. The scientists conclude that CETP is probably essential for lipid metabolism and storage in fat cells and that fat tissue is not only an energy storage tissue but also a major endocrine...

Exercise, exercise, rest, repeat -- how a break can help your workout

Bethesda, Md. (July 18, 2007) Taking a break in the middle of your workout may metabolize more fat than exercising without stopping, according to a recent study in Japan. Researchers conducted the first known study to compare these two exercise methodsexercising continually in one long bout ve...

Masquerading in murky waters

...finding out whether this, in turn, might lead to a break down in the honesty of sexual displays used by male sticklebacks to attract females. They did so by examining the courtship effort of good and poor condition males in the absence and presence of a rival male in both clear sea water and water rendered...

Bull's-eye -- Programs targeting math, science teacher shortage may get boost

...tification. The teachHOUSTON program is trying to break this trend. Their exposure to a school setting from the outset is important to the initiatives success and sets it apart from other teacher certification programs, said Jeff Morgan, chair of the department of mathematics in UHs College of Natural...

Immune system 'escape hatch' gives cancer cells traction

...the possibility of vaccine and drug therapies that break through the blocked immune system. Previous research had confirmed that MDSCs, produced in the bone marrow, were attracted to tumors, but until now, scientists had not identified exactly how the cells inhibit the immune systems ability to mount ...

Throwing motion in young baseball players may actually protect shoulder

...es Dr. Mair. Dr. Mair notes that children need a break from throwing: In the old days kids pitched in the summer and then played basketball or football in the winter. That was better for growing children. Now, some children play baseball 12 months a year. That can be a problem. Shoulder changes that...

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(Date:7/24/2014)... 2014 NXT-ID, Inc., (NXTD: OTCQB) a biometric authentication company ... smart wallet, Wocket™, was recently the topic of  an interview ... Gino Pereira , CEO of NXT-ID, on July ... Mr. Gino Pereira explains how the ... cards and walks host Anita Finley through ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) today announced that ... of Massachusetts Amherst School of Public Health and ... Science to Achieve Results (STAR) grant to measure ... subsistence hunters in subarctic North America to determine ... to provide culturally-relevant recommendations for mitigation. , Peltier, ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... whales by satellite over a 15-year period off the ... to feed in specific locations each year, according to ... journal PLOS ONE by Ladd Irvine from ... used to mitigate human threats to the whale population. ... to recover since the establishment of protections in the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Boomer Times Gets to Know NXT-ID's Next Generation Wocket Smart Wallet; Practical, Secure and Easy to Use 2Boomer Times Gets to Know NXT-ID's Next Generation Wocket Smart Wallet; Practical, Secure and Easy to Use 3Boomer Times Gets to Know NXT-ID's Next Generation Wocket Smart Wallet; Practical, Secure and Easy to Use 4Studying impacts of indoor air pollution on tribal communities 2Studying impacts of indoor air pollution on tribal communities 3Blue whales' dangerous feeding grounds 2
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