Tag: "cells" at biology news
New role for protein in fat cells may improve understanding of obesity and diabetes
...fer of fat in the blood may also influence how fat cells
store fat. Richard E. Morton and Lahoucine Izem, r...y, we show that CETP also shuttles fats inside fat cells
between two separate areas and that fat cells
with reduced levels of CETP are unable to process fats...
JCI table of contents: July 19, 2007
... was able to enter the gastrointestinal epithelial cells
lining the gut of both Muc1-deficient and Muc1-int...sease in which the immune system attacks the bodys cells
and tissues. Although B cells
are known to play a role in this disease, the exact way in which their...
Obesity found to be a risk factor for multiple myeloma
...developing multiple myeloma, a cancer of the blood cells
that produce antibodies. Multiple myeloma current...ty and multiple myeloma. For example, adipocytes, cells
found in fat tissue, produce a cell signal, called interleukin-6 (IL-6), which promotes the immune s...
A new method of adult stem cell growth efficacious in treatment of disorders of the cornea
...s the therapeutic efficiency in using corneal stem cells
in patients with pathologies of the cornea, such as caustications or ocular herpes, by using stem cells
from a healthy contralateral eye. The technique is being currently applied to patients with satisfac...
MIT IDs link between brain tumor proteins
... that attacking both of those proteins kills tumor cells
much more effectively than targeting either one al...rs, is continuously active and relentlessly pushes cells
to keep growing and dividing. Doctors have tried treating GBM patients with drugs that inhibit EGF...
Protein pulling -- Learning how proteins fold by pulling them apart
...e machines built from those blueprints. All living cells
produce proteins by stringing together strands of amino acids based on the sequences of their DNA. Proteins are created in linear chains, like strands of pearls, with each amino acid representing a bead on the strand. However, knowing the order of th...
New proteomics research promises to revolutionize biomedical discovery
Montral, July 19 2007 Human cells
function through the concerted action of thousands...olate it in the sea of proteins that make up human cells
and further characterize it. We succeeded in finding the enzyme, which we named MePCE, as an interac...
UC Santa Barbara scientists clarify molecular basis of interferon action
...) The researchers cultured human cancer derived cells
with very low PKR or none at all. This allowed th...rrent study extends findings from studies of mouse cells
that are genetically deficient in PKR. It clarifies certain roles of PKR in apoptosis, signaling, an...
Antibody-altering protein found in developing B cells
Why: In order for the B cells
of the immune system to identify and fight disease...ns to make AID which directs and strengthens the B cells
response to the infection by mutating the antibodies produced by the B cells. AID was originally t...
Gene identified for Crohn's disease in children
...id Baldassano, a mutation in the gene may weaken a cells
ability to degrade cellular waste products, including bacteria. When unprocessed waste products pile up within the cell, they may stimulate the inflammatory response that characterizes Crohns disease. Although much research remains to be done, he...
Study explains how pathogens evolve to escape detection
...es by injecting a special protein into the plant's cells
and undermines the plant's defense system. "Plant ...toB, which is injected by P. syringae into plant cells
through a kind of molecular syringe, can overcome the plant's resistance. Normally, the plant's defe...
Fruit fly research may 'clean up' conventional impressions of biology
... by scientists studying embryos: How precisely can cells
in the embryo read the blueprint" So precisely,...ence. "I think the prevailing view has been that cells
accomplish all their functions using a complicated combination of mechanisms, each one of which is r...
Disease-free mosquito bred to disease-carrier can have all disease-free progeny
...ito germ cells. We needed to gain access to the cells
in the reproductive germline to change the way traits are inherited, said Zach Adelman, assistant professor of entomology and a member of the Vector-Borne Infectious Disease Research Group at Virginia Tech ( www.vectorborne.ibphs.vt.edu ). Adelman ...
UCLA researchers show that culture influences brain cells
...tions, said Iacoboni. Mirror neurons are the brain cells
that help us in shaping our own culture. However, the neural mechanisms of mirroring that shape our assimilation of local traditions could also reveal other cultures, as long as such cross-cultural encounters are truly possible. All in all, our resea...
New research seeks to enhance alternative fuel integration in public vehicle fleets
...icles and research the long-range outlook for fuel cells
and hydrogen power. We are very pleased to be collaborating with Monroe County to enhance our alternative fuel research, adds Nasr. This effort will assist in reducing the countys reliance on fossil fuels, and ultimately reduce costs to taxpayers. ...
Cardiac patches stimulate regeneration, improve function after heart attack
...and placed over the injury, can not only get heart cells
to begin dividing and making copies of themselves ...stin is a component of the material that surrounds cells
and is derived from the skin around bone. Though the mature heart only has tiny amounts, its abundan...
American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- July 11, 2007
...ws/presspac.html In This Edition: Red blood cells
talk to platelets, with implications for diabetes ... ARTICLE #1 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Red blood cells
talk to platelets, with implications for diabetes Analytical Chemistry Amid growing indications t...
Immune system 'escape hatch' gives cancer cells traction
... Nebraska, describe how myeloid-derived suppressor cells
(MDSCs), which normally keep the immune system in ...nti-tumor response to cancer. These suppressor cells
block other immune system cells, CD8 killer T cells, from binding with proteins that identify the fo...
Metabolic syndrome -- don't blame the belly fat
...ulin resistance is a condition in which the body's cells
become resistant to insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas that plays an essential role in regulating the carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins obtained from food. The new study, published July 16, 2007, in the Proceedings of the National Academ...
Stem cell specialists face questioning
...sity in Japan is pioneering ways of producing stem cells
from adult human cells
and therefore avoiding the need for embryos....
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