Tag: "children" at biology news
From memory formation during sleep to novel components for physics
...rapeutic strategies. Based on the observation that children
who grow up in a rural setting and are subjected to harmless bacteria and dust are less susceptible to allergies and asthma, the group aims to study how susceptibility to allergies arises and what role is played by the key mechanisms of congenital im...
How chronic exposure to tiny levels of carbon monoxide damages hearing in young ears
...entrations in poorly ventilated homes. Infants and children
are particularly vulnerable to CO exposure because they spend a great deal of time in the home. No policies exist to regulate CO in the home. Many commercial home monitors sound an alarm only 20 minutes after CO concentrations reaches 70 parts per ...
...isconsin, Madison, asked dyslexic and non-dyslexic children
to identify patterns presentedwith and without visual noise. "The dyslexic children
performed the same as thenon-dyslexic children
when there was no noise,"Sperling and colleagues wrot...
Genes linked to treatment resistance in children with leukemia
...Society of Hematology. The researchers studied 246 children
with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), all of wh...rapy. Patients with poorer prognostic factors 130 children
were assigned to a high-risk group; the remaining children
were enrolled in the lower-risk arm. In...
Experts hope policy breathes life into asthma treatment method
...t year states. Across the United States, 9 million children
under 18 have asthma and 4 million of them had an attack last year, according to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. A nebulizer is a machine that reduces liquid albuterol, the medicine commonly used to treat breathing troubles, t...
Results of world's first gene therapy trial for arthritis show approach safe, feasible
... combined immunodeficiency (X-SCID) in which three children
later developed leukemia, the researchers point out that this is the only similarity between the two trials. The studies were concerned with different genes and with different targets, and in the arthritis trial, the transduced cells were removed aft...
Temple engineers recieve NSF grant to develop interactive high school biology curriculum
...s that suggests that Thomas Jefferson fathered the children
of Sally Hemings. Students will be charged with analyzing the evidence and coming to their own conclusion in the case, making it an effective case study for examining some of the social aspects of the nature of science. The third module deals with th...
Study in Royal Society journal on heritability of female orgasm
...rhesus macaques similar to those observed in human children
and adolescents. In humans early exposure to psychosocial stress may accelerate female reproductive development and result in early puberty and early interest infants. This study shows that early exposure to harsh and inconsistent maternal care is as...
Phthalates found in infants treated in NICUs that use devices containing phthalates
...higher than thoseobserved in other studies of U.S. children
and adults. Moreover, there was a direct relationship between urinary MEHP levels and the intensiveness of medical product use.Urinary MEHP levels among infants with high DEHP-containing product use were five times as great as levels among infants w...
Quantum dots provide a faster, more sensitive method for detecting respiratory viral infections
... is the most common cause of hospitalization among children
under five. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) sends about 120,000 children
to the hospital in the United States each year. Although it is only life-threatening in one case out...
Joslin study shows weight control protects against low birth weight related glucose intolerance
...s and how we can use them to optimize nutrition in children
with a history of low birth weight." According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the incidence of low birth weight babies weighing less than 2500 grams (5 1/2 pounds) in the U.S. increased 12 percent between 1980 and 2000, whi...
U. Iowa finding speeds up immunization booster schedule
...or more and multiple shots to fully immunize their children
against diseases like diphtheria and pertussis. The reason is twofold. First, a single vaccination generates only a small amount of immunity and booster shots are needed to build up immunity to protective levels. The second reason is due to the fact ...
Pediatricians lack confidence in managing obesity, and their own weight might be an important factor
...esity, which is increasingly recognized as robbing children
of physical vigor now and good health in later lif...ricians' lack of confidence in managing obesity in children
was most related to a scarcity of useful educational materials and other potentially modifiable fact...
Pediatric center to offer novel rehabilitation approach for spinal cord injury
...nter focused on rehabilitation and restoration for children
with paralysis. The Center's director, Dr. John M...ced remarkable results in Reeve will be applied to children
at the new Center. Dr. McDonald's advanced restoration therapies (RT) have revolutionized the ther...
National medical, nursing and public health groups file suit
... and public health impacts of mercury pollution on children
and other vulnerable populations, articulated by health professionals who practice medicine or support population health and patient care. Widely accepted scientific research shows that mercury is a potent neurotoxin that can harm developing fetus...
Two Children's Hospital Boston researchers win top presidential awards
...o honors Gordon's community work on bone health in children
in conjunction with the Massachusetts Department o...entified it as an important area for prevention in children
and adolescents." Mandl, an attending physician in Children's Department of Emergency Medicine, rese...
Allergies affect 15 million people in UK, says Professor
...1 billion each year treating 15 million of British children
and adults for allergies like eczema, hay fever and asthma and an estimated 40% of children
and 30% of adults in the UK are now affected by allergic disorders, a University of Edinburgh Profes...
Why being a teenage mum could be good for you!
...d the key to explaining why women who delay having children
until later life have lower fertility compared to ...ctive history should influence her ability to have children
in the future. Now, biologists at The University of Manchester have been given some clues after stud...
Gene mutation responsible for lung and diaphragm defects
...ed in human diaphragmatic defects? After studying children
with similar problems, the authors did indeed identify a child with a serious Fog2 gene mutation who died on the first day of life with severe breathing difficulties, small lungs, and an abnormal diaphragm. "This is the first identified cause of [...
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment: Many of 2 billion dryland dwellers at risk as land degrades
...drylands in developing countries averages about 54 children
per 1,000 live births, 10 times that of industrial countries. Importantly, the rate in such drylands is twice as high as that of other, non-dryland regions in developing countries. The authors rank desertification land degradation in drylands as ...
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