Tag: "coat" at biology news

Gene therapy advance treats hemophilia in mouse models

...es in the mice, the team took the disabled protein coat from the baculovirus Autographa californica and pu...n the liver cells because the modified baculovirus coat serves as a "key" that fits into the "lock," or receptor. The percentage of liver cells that took up...

FSU chemist's ultrathin films promise a multitude of uses

...ll robot that can dip glass slides into beakers to coat the slides with an ultrathin film. Copies of the robot are selling all over the world for more than $10,000 apiece. All told, Schlenoff holds six issued U.S. patents, with several pending, related to ultrathin films, placing him second among FSU facu...

Scientists develop life-saving chrome

...Akid says that the sol-gel approach can be used to coat a wider range of metals than electroplating methods. Professor Akid said: "These inorganic-organic hybrid coatings have the potential to become an effective method of producing an alternative low-cost anti-corrosion or functional coating. The technol...

How a zebra lost its stripes: Rapid evolution of the quagga

...es, zebras, and asses. They compared the genetics, coat color and habitats of existing zebras with related...erica, but also in Africa. "The rapid evolution of coat color in the quagga could be explained by disrupted gene flow because of geographical isolation, an ...

Latest study: Scientists say no evidence exists that therapod dinosaurs evolved into birds

...od small dinosaur Sinosauropteryx, which sported a coat of filamentous structures some called "dino-fuzz." "The photo subsequently appeared in various prominent publications as the long-sought 'definitive' evidence of dinosaur 'feathers' and that birds were descended from dinosaurs," he said. "Yet no one ...

Dust storms may carry bacteria to Japan from China

...soil as endospores: reproductive cells with a hard coat that protects them against adverse environmental conditions. Surprisingly, the same proportion of endospores was found in saline soil closer to the coast. The authors deduce from these findings that the endospores may have been carried to the Tokyo a...

NJIT mathematician receives Fulbright to study thin film science in Argentina

...re he will help physicists discover better ways to coat very delicate, almost invisible glass fibers. For almost two decades, scientists around the world have been searching for better polymers (more commonly known as plastics) to accomplish this task. These fibers are used to conduct electrical signals i...

Virginia Tech researcher examining malignant melanoma in horses

...nburns and aging. Horses at risk also have a pale coat of grey to white and there seems to be a correlation to aging, which could be a result of chronic exposure to sunlight, he said. In each, the disease is an infiltrated pigmented malignancy that is difficult to manage. Conventional therapies include...

Researchers evolve a complex genetic trait in the laboratory

...al development of antlers or changes in plumage or coat colors, said Nijhout and Suzuki. While biologists have understood the basic machinery underlying polyphenisms, the mystery remained how such complex traits, which involve mutations in multiple genes, could evolve and persist. "It's long been known th...

Berkeley researchers lay groundwork for cell version of DNA chip

...NA containing a specific nucleotide sequence, then coat cells with single-stranded DNA that contains a complementary sequence," said Chandra, who is a member of both the Francis and Bertozzi research groups. Francis holds a joint appointment with Berkeley Lab's Materials Sciences Division and the UC Berk...

Scientists seek to unwrap the sweet mystery of the sugar coat on bacteria

...atterns of glowing dots and determine which sugars coat the bacteria. The microarray technique worked fast enough that the researchers were able to see the sugar coating change over time in the neonatal meningitis strain of E. coli. "Over time, the lectins lost their ability to see these bacteria," says M...

Outsmarting the smartie bug

...nvolved. The polysaccharide capsule forms a sugary coat around the bacterium and changing the structure of...changing its colour. "The bug has a polysaccharide coat which can take any one of 90 different forms, known as serotypes," said Stephen Bentley, leader of t...

Evolution in action: Why some viruses jump species

... fits into a lock. Sometimes proteins on the outer coat of a virus mutate enough to match the receptors on the cells of species other than ones that the virus usually infects. This is what has happened with avian flu. Once in a new species, the virus either dies out or is preserved and adds mutations that...

Getting ACL tears to heal themselves

...es to find another scaffolding material that would coat the pitted surface of damaged cartilage and recreate a smooth, nearly friction-free surface--like filling in potholes in a road. "The cells are trying to find structure, but they just don't have it," Murray says. "They need a thing to move into; a p...

Prenatal genistein in soy reduces obesity in offspring

...s. Prenatal genistein also shifted the offspring's coat color from yellow to brown, demonstrating that a s...etary genistein alters epigenetic gene regulation, coat color, and susceptibility to adult obesity in animals. The agouti gene is not epigentically regulate...

Researchers use mass spectrometry to detect norovirus particles

...tic particles, or peptides, belonging to the viral coat protein, the virus can be positively identified by matching the results to entries in genetic databases. In the Hopkins study, the researchers analyzed a stool sample treated with virus-like particles, which closely resemble norovirus but are noninfe...

Nature's strongest glue could be used as a medical adhesive

...escentus's glue could be mass produced and used to coat surfaces for medical and engineering purposes. "There are obvious applications since this adhesive works on wet surfaces," said IU Bloomington bacteriologist Yves Brun, who co-led the study with Brown University physicist Jay Tang. "One possibility w...

New species of monkey discovered in Tanzania is a new genus

...peratures frequently drop below freezing; its long coat is probably an adaptation to the cold. Co-authors of the study include scientists from the Field Museum, Yale University and the University of Alaska Museum....

Bedsores and bald hides: Novel roles revealed for a 'scaffolding' protein

...ice lacking the K17 protein fail to grow a healthy coat of body hair during the first week after birth. It...air follicle die too soon, which results in a thin coat of fragile hair, a condition resembling alopecia or thinning, balding hair. That the hair is fragile...

UGA study reveals a new way of looking at vaccine development

...is. Neisseria has evolved some strains that have a coat that bears the same sugars that human cells do the bacteriological equivalent of a wolf in sheep's clothing so that the body is slow to mount a strong immune response. Once an accurate model of its sugar chains is created, those chains could potent...

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(Date:8/19/2014)... To improve students, chances of completing introductory biology ... Houston (UH) implemented a comprehensive student success program, ... failure. , Through a grant from the ... of Biology and Biochemistry embarked on a pilot ... for non-majors and "Introductory Biology" for science majors. ...
(Date:8/19/2014)... week,s Eos: Long-Term Ecological Research and Network-Level Science, , ... a wide range of ecosystems was responding to global ... particularly powerful if it coupled multiple decades of information ... experiments and models from dozens of different ecosystem types. ... the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network, which will soon ...
(Date:8/19/2014)... seafood counters in 10 different states show the ... unexpectedly high levels of mercury, a harmful pollutant. ... of the same species, but from a different ... to new research by University of Hawai,i at ... essential to allow consumers to choose sustainable fisheries," ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):University of Houson program earns kudos for improving grades, retaining students 2University of Houson program earns kudos for improving grades, retaining students 3This week from AGU: Long-term ecological research, predicting cholera outbreaks 2Seafood substitutions can expose consumers to unexpectedly high mercury 2Seafood substitutions can expose consumers to unexpectedly high mercury 3
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