Tag: "coded" at biology news

NIH funds first nationaL SNP genotyping center at Broad Institute

...an in-house DNA repository and all samples will be coded to assure subject confidentiality. Results will be accessible to the investigators through a secure database integrated with a suite of data management and analytic tools for analysis of correlations among variants and with disease phenotypes. Becau...

International human genome sequencing consortium describes finished human genome sequence

...ogenes in the human genome sequence appear to have coded for proteins involved in olfactory reception, which helps to explain why humans have fewer functional olfactory receptors and, consequently, a poorer sense of smell than rodents. The molecular biology of the sense of smell was just recognized by the ...

Single genetic defect links many risk factors for heart disease and stroke

...on of a single DNA unit, or base, in the gene that coded for a specific transfer RNA (tRNA) in the mitochondria. Transfer RNAs are critical carrier molecules that ferry amino acids during the constructions of proteins in the cell. During the translation of genetic material to a protein, a tRNA latches ont...

Bug's-eye-view of urinary tract reveals E.coli infection genes

...which produces proteins in response to each gene's coded instructions. It's one thing to extract RNA from bacteria in a test tube. It's not so easy when the bacteria are inside a mouse. "Collecting the urine was the most labor-intensive part of the study," says Snyder. "Because the urinary tract is natura...

GENEPI: a tool to refine and fine-tune radiotherapy treatment for cancer

...ries. After obtaining informed consent, anonymous, coded clinical details will be stored centrally, and this will include information on the effectiveness and side effects of radiotherapy. This will form a detailed outcome-database from a large number of patients who received radiotherapy as part of their ...

Wistar study demonstrates heritability of non-genomic information

...logy: The characteristics of a living organism are coded into the organism's DNA, and only information in t...formation is distinct from the genetic information coded in the DNA and is referred to by scientists as being "epigenetic" in nature. A report on the study a...

Case announces launch of gene expression analysis software

... view, zoom in, label, and generate lists of color coded genes that were significantly up-regulated or down-regulated. Sanford Markowitz, M.D., the Ingall Professor of Cancer Genetics at the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and University Hospitals of Cleveland and an investigator with ...

Solving the mechanism of Rett Syndrome

...ological disorders. "MeCP2, the protein coded for by the MECP2 gene, is expressed in many tissues, including brains," says Kohwi-Shigematsu. "People thought it was a general repressor that regulates gene expression throughout the body. Yet the main syndrome of Rett patients pointed to neurodevel...

Steroid discoveries could add bulk to crop harvests

...nts hinted that one important steroid-related gene coded for a receptor protein called BRI1 that bound to the cell membrane. Their experiments indicated that another protein, a kinase called BIN2, appeared to act negatively in the steroid pathway to modify BES1 and BZR1 proteins, which targeted these prote...

Multi-purpose protein regulates new protein synthesis and immune cell development

...ch are deposited in the ER membrane in response to coded instructions from genes. Chaperone proteins fold these amino acid chains into specific shapes and direct them to different areas of the ER for processing. When too many amino acids pile up in the ER membrane, or when something goes wrong with the f...

Circles of DNA might help predict success of stem cell transplantation

...in building blocks. Each protein building block is coded by a specific gene. sjTRECs form during a "mix-and-match" rearrangement of these genes into any one of countless combinations. The rings represent sections of DNA cut out of chromosomes during the mixing and matching of genes that are chosen to build...

Family trees of ancient bacteria reveal evolutionary moves

...s a thick-walled cell occurring at intervals were coded and mapped on the tree. The distribution of traits was compared with those found in the fossil record. Cyanobacteria emerging some two billion years ago were becoming complex microbes that had larger cell diameters than earlier groups at least 2.5...

One year after groundbreaking, desert research center takes shape on the Israeli-Jordanian border

... able to enter from either country using specially coded magnetic cards, avoiding the need for passports or visas. Phase one of the facility could be completed by the end of the year. Field survey While construction continues, scientific research also is moving forward. In January, Feldman and five Ameri...

Discovery of gene will likely lead to new treatments for inflammatory diseases, cancer

... 1999. The STAT6(B) and LITAF proteins (which are coded for by their respective genes) bind to form a complex that moves into the cell's nucleus to regulate the transcription of cytokines. The recent Boston University findings will offer new ways to regulate TNF-alpha, whose overexpression causes inflamma...

U of T researchers map role of Epstein-Barr virus in cancer

...he molecular details that show how a viral protein coded in the Epstein-Barr virus immortalizes cells and c...ncer, nasopharyngeal carcinoma. EBNA1 is a protein coded in the Epstein-Barr virus and suspected to play a role in the development of cancer," says Lori Frap...

Nobel Laureate Sydney Brenner receives 2005 UCSD/Merck Life Science Achievement Award

...rancis Crick--proposed that a single amino acid is coded by three nucleotides, a triplet, of RNA. While at Salk, which he joined in 2000, Brenner has been studying vertebrate gene and genome evolution, where he developed new ways of analyzing gene sequences, offering new understanding into the evolution of...

National Academies news: Stem cell guidelines released

...nancial benefit. Research on existing anonymous or coded embryonic stem cell lines does not require IRB review unless the cells are going to be transplanted into patients or the donor's identity is likely to become known by researchers. Researchers working on previously derived stem cell lines, however, s...

Waggle dance controversy resolved by radar records of bee flight paths

... that honeybees use dance (the"waggle dance") as a coded message to guide other bees to new food sources. However, some scientists did not accept von Frisch's theory. Using harmonic radar, scientists, funded in part by the UK's Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) have now tracked...

Retina adapts to light changes by rewiring itself

...nvironment color, shape and motion and sends the coded information to the brain. The early processing steps for vision, therefore, occur in the retina. Deep inside this sheet of interconnected neurons, at a depth called the inner plexiform layer, a tremendous processing of this visual information takes p...

Rutgers to lead $52.7 million protein research program

...ome Project. However, the majority of the proteins coded by the genome have unknown functions and unknown structure. For the past five years, Montelione and his consortium partners, including researchers at Columbia University, conducted a $36 million NIGMS pilot program to develop new methods and tools to...

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(Date:11/5/2014)... Kelly Redmond has dedicated his career to understanding ... a general audience. , As deputy director and ... at Nevada,s Desert Research Institute, Redmond has more ... application and dissemination of climate data to the ... Meeting in San Francisco on December 15-19, 2014 ...
(Date:11/4/2014)... at the right time might actually help boost a ... help in understanding animal populations, pest control and managing ... the journal Trends in Ecology and Evolution , ... the kind of positive population effect an overall species ... on the size and developmental stage of the creatures ...
(Date:11/4/2014)... A newly published research study examining only marketing ... of fast food restaurants has found that the ... disproportionately exposed to such marketing tactics. , Authored ... her colleagues, the study is the first to ... interior and exterior of fast food restaurants and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Nevada climatologist to be honored at AGU Fall Meeting for lifetime of public outreach 2When less is more: Death in moderation boosts population density in nature 2Fast food marketing for children disproportionately affects certain communities 2Fast food marketing for children disproportionately affects certain communities 3
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