Tag: "connections" at biology news

Scientists discover genetic pathway responsible for breast cancer cell growth

.... Giguere and his team save lives and money. These connections between research and health care are one of the strengths of academic hospitals like the MUHC."...

Gradient guides nerve growth down spinal cord

...o clinicians, offering clues about how to grow new connections among neurons to repair or replace damaged nerves....or someday, embryonic stem cells -- to restore the connections between the body and the brain, "it could revolutionize treatment of patients with paralyzing injuri...

Mouse model of Rett Syndrome displays reduced cortical activity

...g to look at the properties of individual synaptic connections between pairs of cortical neurons to find out more precisely which connections change and how. We are also trying to understand which other neural genes are regulated by Mecp2 by ...

New techniques study the brain's chemistry, neuron by neuron

... neurons are critical for their operation, and the connections between cells are crucial for encoding information or controlling functions." By dismantling a slice of brain tissue into millions of single cell-size pieces, each of which can be interrogated by mass spectrometric imaging techniques, Sweedler's rese...

UCSF study points to link to neurodegenerative disease target

...Neuron. The nervous system is a complex pattern of connections that exists for the entire life of the organism, a...ding how the myriad patterns and pathways of these connections are maintained for long periods of time presents an ongoing challenge to scientists, says Davis. Dav...

Animal model of Parkinson's disease reveals striking sensitivity to common environmental toxins

...of human disease, and shed new light on biological connections between inherited and sporadic forms of Parkinson's disease. The work is reported in Current Biology by two independent groups, one led by Nancy Bonini of the University of Pennsylvania and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and the other led by Ky...

Analysis of Katrina's health, environmental effects to be aided by website with layers of data

... information to provide investigators insights and connections that might not be recognized if the components were considered separately. Another advantage is that the information is all spatially referenced, meaning that all the information is connected to a particular geographic location. Miranda's involvement...

Environment, not genes, key in family relationships

...enetic and environmental components to explore the connections between them. The adolescent variables were antisocial behavior, autonomy, classroom engagement and success, depressive symptoms, sociability, and social responsibility. The family relationship variables were positivity (parent/child warmth and supp...

Innovating through e-Science

...e and Technology in China and are developing close connections with the China National Grid programme," says Professor Tony Hey, outgoing director of the UK e-Science Core Programme. The conference is organised by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) on behalf of the e-Science Core Pro...

Adult human neural stem cell therapy successful in treating spinal cord injury

...fferentiated into new neurons that formed synaptic connections with mouse neurons. Myelin is the biological insulation for nerve fibers that is critical for maintenance of electrical conduction in the central nervous system. When myelin is stripped away through disease or injury, sensory and motor deficiencie...

Southern Appalachian landscapes: Preserving our heritage

...ern Appalachians offer cherished beauty and valued connections to a shared past. Protecting these landscapes--mountain vistas, historical sites, rural agriculture, streams and riparian areas--is an imperative for preserving southern Appalachian heritage. The 2005 SAMAB Conference will bring together community m...

Cerebellum found to be important in cognition and behavior

...'s growth and development. The way the brain forms connections between structures may be as important as the inju...dies are paying particular attention to structural connections between the cerebrum and cerebellum how the nerve fibers run and connect, and where they might be d...

New battery technology helps stimulate nerves

... and help the central nervous system make critical connections in, for example, Parkinson's and epilepsy patients. Designed to be extraordinarily reliable and work continuously for years, the tiny batteries that power implantables are indispensable in everything from pacemakers to the electronic stimulators that...

A new angle on flowers: Fish are players in pollination

...is elucidating the surprising and counterintuitive connections among species," said Robert Holt, a UF professor of zoology and one of five authors. "What we've done here is elucidate a heretofore unsuspected connection of that sort." The research is significant in part because it shows how organisms from one eco...

MSU entomologist appointed to unravel mysterious tropical disease

...o this." He and Benbow also will explore possible connections between land use, water quality and pollution, and the increasing rates of Buruli ulcer infections. It's possible M. ulcerans is a normal inhabitant of some tropical water bodies, Merritt said. He suggests man-made changes in water quality may be giv...

USC neuroscientist to receive Prince of Asturias prize

...l direct interdisciplinaryresearch focusing on the connections between emotion,decision-making and creativity. "The critical part of the activity of the institute is goingdeeper in the understanding of how emotions and reasoninteract to permit decision-making, both in the personalspace and in the public space,"...

Sight can recover quickly in amblyopia

... improvement in visual acuity. Latent deprived eye connections may rapidly reactivate upon recovery of normal vision. "Another implication of our study is that binocular vision is likely to play an important role in recovery from amblyopia," they wrote. "Although clinical evidence suggests that patching the bett...

Brains response to visual stimuli helps us to focus on what we should see, rather than all there is to see

...ed responses in the second neuron. They found that connections from the fast-spiking neurons were six times stron...t on two show that these neuron pairs with two-way connections belonged to the same fine-scale subnetworks. "This means that inhibitory circuits can also precisel...

An essential regulator of body weight revealed

...NPY/AgRP neurons were still developing and forming connections with neighboring cells, the mice ate normally and maintained a normal body weight. Their findings indicated that if NPY/AgRP neurons are eliminated before they become fully functional, then animals somehow compensated, maintaining feeding behavior th...

Scientists crack code for motor neuron wiring

...o give identity to sensory neurons, enabling their connections with motor neurons," said Jessell. Deciphering the entire Hox code could provide crucial insights into the organization of the complex circuitry that the spinal cord uses to control muscle action. Speculation aside, Jessell is optimistic that there w...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... KAN. A Kansas State University engineer has ... and remotely detects improvised explosive devices. The same ... William Dunn, the Steven M. and Kay L. ... mechanical and nuclear engineering, and his research team ... hidden underground or in car trunks. The distance ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Europe, Asia and the United States are spreading across ... native honeybee populations at this time, according to an ... Nosema microsporidia and Varroa mites., ... these invasive pests, which suggests to us that the ... the United States currently are not necessary in East ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Cell Press journal Current Biology on April ... sex lives. The Brazilian insects, which represent four distinct ... are the first example of an animal with sex-reversed ... in several different animals, Neotrogla is the ... reversed," says Kazunori Yoshizawa from Hokkaido University in Japan. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Patented research remotely detects nitrogen-rich explosives 2East African honeybees are safe from invasive pests… for now 2East African honeybees are safe from invasive pests… for now 3In sex-reversed cave insects, females have the penises 2
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