Tag: "consume" at biology news
Carnegie Mellon, Pitt receive $15 million from NSF to found center to improve quality of life
...abilitation Sciences. Quality-of-life issues will consume
more of the nation's resources as it faces a growing proportion of older adults and people with disabilities. Today, some 12 percent of the U.S. population is over 65. By 2030, the U.S. Census Bureau estimates that more than 20 percent of a projected...
UCSF study shows suppression of telomerase enzyme can inhibit spread of melanoma
...rase and glycolysis, the metabolic pathway used to consume
glucose and produce lactic acid within the body. "Identification of this relationship has great significance in understanding the role of telomerase and glycolysis together," said Mohammed Kashani-Sabet, MD, UCSF associate professor of dermatolog...
U of T researchers find glycemic index effective in composite meals
... foods, works just as predictably whether subjects consume
a single portion of one item, or a normal meal. The GI was developed 25 years ago at U of T by Professors Thomas Wolever and David Jenkins. The table has become an important tool for the management of non-insulin diabetes and a reference point for po...
DNA: Bacteria's survival ration
...ithout any one of these genes, the bacteria cannot consume
DNA and lose their competitive advantage. "The gene family is found in many other species," the authors reported, "suggesting that the use of DNA as a nutrient may be a widespread phenomenon." The concept of nutritional competence could have applicat...
ACS weekly press package May 8, 2006
...ral and Food Chemistry People in the United States consume
dramatically smaller amounts of a class of healthful plant nutrients than previously believed, researchers report in a study scheduled for the May 31 issue of the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. The nutrients, anthocyanins (ACNs), are pig...
Sweet success for pioneering hydrogen energy project
... that these bacteria give off hydrogen gas as they consume
high-sugar waste produced by the confectionery industry. The hydrogen has been used to generate clean electricity via a fuel cell1. Looking to the future, it could also be used to power the hydrogen-fuelled road vehicles of tomorrow. There is increa...
Study finds that a woman's chances of having twins can be modified by diet
...By comparing the twinning rate of vegan women, who consume
no animal products, with that of women who do eat ...ter in New Hyde Park, NY, found that the women who consume
animal products, specifically dairy, are five times more likely to have twins. The study is publishe...
Targeted virus compels cancer cells to eat themselves
...phagy is a protective process that cells employ to consume
part of themselves when nutrients are scarce or to destroy some of their organelles to recycle their components. A double membrane forms around the material to be consumed, then everything inside is digested. Kondo and colleagues showed that hTERT-Ad...
Soil-bound prions that cause CWD remain infectious
...ion repositories in the wild. As animals regularly consume
soil to meet their mineral needs, it's possible that prion-laden soil particles contribute to the transmission of prion disease such as CWD among animals. CWD is a fatal, incurable condition that belongs to a family of prion-inflicted neurological di...
RIT receives grant to develop PhD program in sustainability
...mentally change the way we design, manufacture and consume
products. The multi-disciplinary doctorate would integrate research and coursework in engineering and science with economics and public policy, particularly environmental policy, and management. The Ph.D. program would be one of the first in the wor...
Vitamin D and flavonoids examined for impact on breast and ovarian cancers
...ams/milliliter, a typical individual would have to consume
no less than 1,000 International Units (IU) of Vit...ompleted, the scientists recommended that everyone consume
at least 1,000 IU/day of vitamin D3. Dietary Flavonoid Intake and Breast Cancer Risk among Women i...
Soy intake may be associated with reduced risk of breast cancer
... be due to dietary habits, noting that Asian women consume
higher quantities of soy products than Western women. Soybeans contain high quantities of compounds called isoflavones, molecules that affect biological pathways that could alter breast cancer risk. Because of these potential associations with lower ...
Albatross study shows regional differences in ocean contamination
...Pacific. Black-footed and Laysan albatrosses both consume
a mixed diet of squid, fish, and fish eggs. Finkelstein analyzed nitrogen isotope ratios in the two species--an indicator of an animal's "trophic level," or how high it is on the food chain--and found no significant difference. "Biomagnification mean...
Alaska seal pup diet may hold key to decline of population
...exual maturation," Polasek said. Human females who consume
an extremely low fat diet reach sexual maturity later than those who consume
a high fat diet, she noted. In addition, the researchers are: Examining fecal matter to see how ef...
Research shows adults and teens who eat beans weigh less
...lar results were found for teenage bean eaters who consume
335 more daily calories but weigh 7.3 pounds less ... The results also show that: Adult bean eaters consume
less total and saturated fat than non-bean eaters and have a 22 per cent lower risk of obesity. Adu...
Why is the ground brown?
...e organisms that break down the carbon in the soil consume
it all? Some of the same ecological factors make t...ture of soil carbon makes it far more difficult to consume
than plant carbon." There is about three times as much carbon in soil than in plant biomass. In addi...
Prenatal genistein in soy reduces obesity in offspring
...sity and cancer, said the Duke researchers. Asians consume
large amounts of soy, which has been linked to lower rates of breast, endometrial and prostate cancer, among other health benefits. In the Duke study, pregnant Agouti mice that ate a diet rich in genistein, an active ingredient in soy, gave birth to ...
Consumption of risky foods declines
...) and Asians/Pacific Islanders were more likely to consume
risky foods than whites (32% vs. 21%). The safest...ho were immunocompromised were much more likely to consume
risky foods compared to healthy subjects (21% vs. 14%). "Consumption of risky foods declined signi...
Manipulating single cell receptor alters animal behavior
...ffects on animals, causing them to drink water and consume
salt. It was also known that angiotensin acts on the surface of cells by binding to receptor molecules, which, in turn, activate proteins and small molecules inside the cells that form "signaling pathways" to cause further cellular changes. "In our ...
Metabolites of pharmaceuticals identified in wastewater
...mide, a pharmaceutical imaging agent that patients consume
before taking MRI tests, is barely degraded in the conventional activated sludge process. However, they found that when conditions in biological treatment systems are optimized for nitrogen removal, this imaging agent does degrade. Ag...
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